Definition of intake in English:



  • 1An amount of food, air, or another substance taken into the body:

    ‘your daily intake of calories’
    ‘his alcohol intake’
    • ‘I do cut my food intake down to stupid amounts - like one meal a day.’
    • ‘Table 3 displays seasonal daily intakes of vitamin D-fortified foods and multivitamin supplements.’
    • ‘The important thing is to tailor the food intake to the amount of physical activity one undertakes.’
    • ‘Food intake was calculated daily by subtracting the dried orts (uneaten food) from the amount of food offered every day.’
    • ‘Participants monitor their activity and their food intake throughout the program.’
    • ‘Control your calorie intake to prevent excessive weight gain.’
    • ‘All patients were told to cut their food intake by 600 calories daily.’
    • ‘Unless their food intake is strictly controlled, they can quickly become obese.’
    • ‘We estimated the average daily intakes for seasonal foods by calculating the percentage of months that a food was on the market over a one year period.’
    • ‘Overweight people should increase the amount of exercise and reduce the amount of food intake to help reduce weight.’
    • ‘Women in the diet and exercise group reduced their food intake by 500 calories, essentially by avoiding fatty and sugary foods.’
    • ‘On days you exercise less or not at all, make up the difference by cutting more calories from your food intake.’
    • ‘We monitored food intake and body mass daily as part of another study.’
    • ‘Change the quality and amount of your food intake.’
    • ‘You don't need to increase your food intake for ‘age-related weight gain’ to occur.’
    • ‘Whatever your goal is, the best way is to record what you are eating in a food diary so you can then check your calorie intake on a daily basis.’
    • ‘When you diet or cut back on your food intake (cut calories) your fat cells become more resilient to giving out fat.’
    • ‘But a food intake in excess of energy requirements leads to obesity.’
    • ‘It all adds up and the excessive food and alcohol intake takes its toll on the body.’
    • ‘She cut her food intake to 800 calories and exercised for 2 hours a day, 6 days a week.’
    batch, lot, assortment, selection, collection, supply, intake
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An act of taking something into the body:
      ‘she heard his sharp intake of breath’
      [mass noun] ‘a protective factor is the intake of cereal fibre’
      • ‘I was rewarded by a shiver and a sharp intake of breath from Dave.’
      • ‘She touched him gently there, delighting when his entire body trembled, followed by his sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘In fact, I think you should tell your readers that it is an entirely new name, differentiated from your previous incarnation by a sharp intake of breath between words.’
      • ‘A sharp intake of breath all round was followed by an out-and-out gasp of horror as our eyes collectively made it past this first obstacle and on to the rest of the house.’
      • ‘The silence that had followed a sharp intake of breath from the gallery was broken by Mr Dingemans.’
      • ‘I heard a sharp intake of breath before the words came.’
      • ‘I distinctly recall the rest of my classmates taking a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘Zeler had a sharp intake of breath, and his body shook violently, a moment later he was calm.’
      • ‘Still, he greets the news with a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘Jack woke in the middle night with a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘He noticed a sharp intake of breath from the other mercenaries.’
      • ‘It was followed by a sharp intake of breath from some sections of the audience.’
      • ‘I feel my insides twisting and take a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘Outside he took a sharp intake of breath out of disbelief.’
      • ‘My sigh of relief had turned into a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘Carl heard her sharp intake of breath from across the room.’
      • ‘I actually had a sharp intake of breath by no will of my own.’
      • ‘He felt her sharp intake of breath, but she didn't pull away.’
      • ‘‘I think there would be a sharp intake of breath from teachers if that happened,’ he said.’
      • ‘Kissing it, she heard another groan and a sharp intake of breath.’
  • 2[treated as singular or plural] The people taken into an organization at a particular time:

    ‘the new intake of MPs’
    • ‘At present, 750 students are studying at the school, but the student intake will increase to 1 000 a year.’
    • ‘Value added measures are intended to allow comparisons between schools with different student intakes.’
    • ‘But the Met has tried to make each intake balanced, moving some women and ethnic minority recruits up the queue.’
    • ‘Firstly and most obviously, it does not take into account the social demographics of the student intake.’
    • ‘The current intake across the University is 60 students for Theology and 24 for the joint honour school with Philosophy.’
    • ‘Privately educated students currently make up 40 percent of Bristol's yearly intake.’
    • ‘I hope that we will become more international in terms of our student intake.’
    • ‘Since then, St Paul's has divided its annual 150-pupil intake into two distinct groups spread across six classes.’
    • ‘Over the summer, the newspaper produced an annual guide to pubs, bars, restaurants and the like for the benefit of that autumn's new student intake, and I was jointly editing it.’
    • ‘There are now many more women - a third of our current intake - but class remains an issue.’
    • ‘And only about fifteen students would form the intake every year!’
    • ‘In 2002, Cambridge selected 56% of its UK undergraduate intake from the state sector.’
    • ‘Negative images have had a damaging knock-on effect, especially on student intake at the university, according to the report.’
    • ‘But with their large new intake and the expected change of leadership, maybe we'll see that change sometime in the next Parliamentary term.’
    • ‘Only 10 committee members showed up at the meeting, which was intended to bring together students from the school's 1991 intake.’
    • ‘As a result, Sheffield health chiefs are planning to ask the next two to three years' intake of prospective students to get vaccinated.’
    • ‘He further emphasised that this year's student intake to the Institute was one of its strongest ever with all places filled in the first round of offers.’
    • ‘He was included in this year's Commonwealth Bank Cricket Academy intake and is in his second six-week session with the Academy at the moment.’
    • ‘The student intake in institutions is highest during February and July.’
    • ‘Other districts suffering from low student intakes also want permission to have smaller classes.’
    1. 2.1 An act of taking people into an organization:
      ‘the first intake of women was in 1915’
      • ‘Now its reputation is so high there are more than 1,200 applications for September's intake of about 680 students.’
      • ‘I was there when 25 new bikes arrived for the new class intake and I saw the excitement.’
      • ‘Essentially, it's so that middle class parents can be comforted that their children will be able to get into schools with very low intakes of working class children.’
      • ‘The course will be delivered over twelve weeks, with student intakes in October, January / February and April / May.’
      • ‘It has to be remembered that under Minister Dempsey's closure plan, there will be no intake of students at St. Brigid's come next September.’
      • ‘But the catering, hotel and retail sector is still forecasting a 20% increase in graduate intake.’
      • ‘There are two intakes of around 90 students every year.’
      • ‘The new buildings will form the first phase of plans to extend the school and will enable St Margaret's to offer two classes in the reception intake, easing the school's long waiting lists.’
  • 3A place or structure through which something is taken in, e.g. water into a channel or pipe from a river, fuel or air into an engine, etc.:

    ‘cut rectangular holes for the air intake’
    • ‘The air intake might be clogged, so there is fuel but not enough air.’
    • ‘The only signs of the burrowing molluscs are their water intake and outlet openings, just visible at the surface of a muddy seabed.’
    • ‘The BMW M6 has deeper front valance with air intakes for the engine and brakes, more contoured sills and rear valance that includes a diffuser to increase aerodynamic efficiency.’
    • ‘Secondly, oil collects all the unwanted foreign matter like dirt and grime that gets sucked into the engine through the air intake.’
    • ‘I'd be sharing decisions with the other guy, the reptile, the functionary whose usual job was to stoke the boiler and run the air and water intakes.’
    • ‘Following the hand rails along the starboard side of the wreck we came to the ladder and davits for the gang plank before turning to cross the deck and past the numerous engine room air intakes.’
    • ‘The main wheels are retracted into the trunks of the engine air intakes.’
    • ‘The storm got sand in the engine intakes and eroded the fuel relays.’
    • ‘Deflectors are installed on the engine air intakes to prevent ingestion of dust when taking off from unprepared pads.’
    • ‘Static ports need to be open and all air intakes, engine, cooling and even cabin air should be clear.’
    • ‘A Cox electrical anti-icing system is installed in the engine air intakes.’
    • ‘Projects include dams, spillway and diversion channels, intakes, and distribution systems.’
    • ‘The gas is fed under electronic control to a fuel cell where it mixes with oxygen in the air intake to create electricity and water.’
    • ‘The section of the river used by canoeists starts 1.5 kilometres below the water intake.’
    • ‘The RF-84F featured engine air intakes at the wing roots plus cameras in the nose.’
    • ‘Pipes led out to the water and the intakes were screened to prevent any solids being drawn into the pumps.’
    • ‘The system contains its own fuel pump, air intake and exhaust including a small muffler, and operates independently of the engine.’
    • ‘Volvo reduces the amount of noise escaping from the engine compartment by reducing the size of air intakes.’
    • ‘Water will be channelled via an old intake on the left bank about 150 metres upstream of Miners Bridge.’
    • ‘During flight, the open air intakes feed air to the engines.’
    1. 3.1[mass noun] The action of taking something in:
      ‘facilities for the intake of grain by road’
      • ‘While US meat intake is rather evenly distributed among beef, pork and poultry, in China pork totally dominates.’
      • ‘Supplies have tightened in Britain over the past week and at Irish factories intake has slipped around 13,000 head per week lower than the same time last year.’
      • ‘The company's annual intake in all fields is directly linked to the company's five-year labour forecast, says the press release.’
      • ‘New Zealand's 150,000-bag intake is a drop in the percolator of the 104 million bags consumed globally each year.’
  • 4Northern English [mass noun] Land reclaimed from a moor or common.


Middle English (originally Scots and northern English): from in + take.