Definition of insula in English:

insula

noun

  • 1(in ancient Rome) a tenement in a city.

    • ‘These flats were known as insulae and only contained two rooms at the most.’
    • ‘Most Romans lived in multi-storied apartment buildings called insula.’
    • ‘In the reign of Hadrian a forum/basilica complex was constructed, and slightly later a set of public baths in the insula to the east of the forum.’
    • ‘The hole from the roof was tiny, given that the building was in the grand Roman insulae tradition, built three storeys high, but it still gave a feeling of wealth to the home.’
    • ‘Then in the residential areas were the insulae.’
  • 2Anatomy
    A region of the brain deep in the cerebral cortex.

    • ‘While rejecting an offer, increased brain activity was observed in the anterior insula, which is associated with negative emotions such as disgust.’
    • ‘The areas most affected were the superior temporal, anterior insula, and orbitofrontal cortices.’
    • ‘The insular cortex is indented by a number of sulci, one of which - the central sulcus of the insula - is deeper and more prominent than the rest.’
    • ‘The insula relays messages between imitation and emotion regions, Iacoboni suggests.’
    • ‘A few seconds later, presumably as the person responded to the humor, brain regions called the insula and amygdala became active across both hemispheres of the brain.’

Origin

Latin, literally ‘island’.

Pronunciation

insula

/ˈɪnsjʊlə/