Definition of institution in English:



  • 1An organization founded for a religious, educational, professional, or social purpose.

    ‘an academic institution’
    ‘a certificate from a professional institution’
    • ‘Under these conditions, there will be nothing left to invest in the ailing public cultural, educational and social institutions.’
    • ‘It is not easy to get persons to think on their own behalf when educational and other social institutions seem to require otherwise.’
    • ‘There were laws that forbade social interaction between the races, including the segregation of all educational and religious institutions.’
    • ‘In higher education the universities were supplemented by purely technological or professional institutions.’
    • ‘This includes venues such as seminars in their own departments, at other academic institutions and at professional meetings.’
    • ‘A wide range of educational institutions ranging from kindergarten schools to the professional colleges have come into being.’
    • ‘He lectured at many professional and academic institutions world-wide.’
    • ‘The club's volunteers have been highlighting domestic safety and evacuation drills, mainly in educational institutions and social organisations.’
    • ‘Self-financing professional educational institutions are a challenge to ethical and social values.’
    • ‘Status rewards can flow from a variety of institutions including academic, professional, sporting and artistic bodies.’
    • ‘The education system, religious organisations and other social institutions also have a responsibility here.’
    • ‘One measure of the maturity and the health of professional military institutions is their published formal doctrine.’
    • ‘Shermer argues that religion is a social institution resulting from evolutionary development for the purpose of promoting myths and encouraging altruism.’
    • ‘The new immigrants were cared for in large measure by their own religion-based social welfare institutions.’
    • ‘In India, these are used by a number of voluntary organisations and educational institutions to convey social and environmental related messages.’
    • ‘Any slack can be taken up by the private sector, philanthropy and especially religious institutions that teach social values grounded in faith.’
    • ‘There are controversies regarding the curriculum and the authorities of the religious educational institutions.’
    • ‘For this purpose new educational institutions are cropping up everywhere.’
    • ‘But other religious educational institutions also face the same problems.’
    • ‘Academic institutions and professional societies would maintain a posture of organizational neutrality.’
    organization, establishment, institute, foundation, centre
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    1. 1.1 An organization providing residential care for people with special needs.
      ‘about 5 per cent of elderly people live in institutions’
      • ‘Next, the state allocates portions of the global mental health care budget to institutions, community programs and the fee-for-service sector.’
      • ‘In the past fortnight alone, venture capitalists have spent more than £700m buying chains of nursing homes and specialist care institutions.’
      • ‘Teach them how to live in the world outside the institution and take care of themselves or live in an environment with supervision.’
      • ‘The very institutions Britons trust to care for their health when they are ill or elderly are systematically starving them.’
      • ‘With urbanization, specialized institutions emerged to care for the dependent and ill.’
      • ‘Cathriona is travelling to Romania in July and will bring all monies raised with her to buy food, clothes and medicines for the residents of the psychiatric institutions.’
      • ‘Clearly, the findings reinforce the need for providing specialized holistic geriatric care at institutions and homes for the elderly.’
      • ‘The temptation to assume them is especially strong in chronic care institutions, which tend toward total properties.’
      • ‘We also looked at dedicated smoking rooms in hospital care institutions, residential disability care institutions, and rest homes.’
      • ‘Almost all outbreaks occurred in hospitals, residential care institutions and nursing homes and resulted in elective surgery being cancelled in several instances.’
      • ‘The deal saw the religious orders contribute just under 150 to the compensation fund for victims of abuse in residential institutions.’
      • ‘The volunteers participated in special projects at multiple institutions that care for children with special needs and orphans.’
      • ‘A high level of discipline and organisation was regarded as very necessary for a residential institution catering for upwards of 800 boys.’
      • ‘Canada's changing face is most apparent in our health and long-term care institutions.’
      • ‘If you have ever been abused in a residential institution, you may be entitled to compensation.’
      • ‘If no, then why are children with mental disorders dumped in the care of specialised institutions?’
      • ‘She believes she is the victim of a smear campaign by former inmates of residential institutions.’
      • ‘They cared for him as best as they were able, despite constant chiding from family, friends, and doctors to put him in an institution that specialized in caring for children like him.’
      • ‘A number of those participating live in residential institutions so for them it the day out is the only outside event they enjoy throughout the year.’
      • ‘With the ageing of our population it would not be possible from a financial perspective to support and care for everybody who was in need of care in institutions.’
      home, residential care
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    2. 1.2 An established official organization having an important role in a society, such as the Church or parliament.
      ‘the institutions of democratic government’
      • ‘Evidence of the malaise now afflicting the established institutions in our society is all around, from parliament and the police to the monarchy and the churches.’
      • ‘The failure of all of the official institutions of American society in the disaster is rooted in the failure of the profit system itself.’
      • ‘In this sense, churches were institutions in civil society.’
      • ‘Substance abusers may be particularly likely to be disenfranchised from key societal institutions including the church.’
      • ‘By that he meant trying to establish institutions of democratic government and civil society.’
      • ‘The Catholic principle of subsidiarity affirms an important role for the state, but also a crucial role for other societal institutions.’
      • ‘I think trusting one of the most important institutions in a free society - the media - to the benevolence of billionaires is pretty dodgy.’
      • ‘It is about establishing the institutions of a free society.’
      • ‘Parliament is the institution that embodies society in the diversity of its composition and its opinions and which channels this diversity into the political process.’
      • ‘The church is one of the very few social institutions with the specific purpose of moral action.’
      • ‘The right, the economic elite, and the Catholic church were three powerful institutions in Chilean society at that time.’
      • ‘Destruction this profound and widespread - and for such a long period - must alter other important institutions in the society.’
      • ‘The authority lies with governments and other important institutions of society.’
      • ‘The wealth accrued by some churches made them powerful institutions and thus important political players.’
      • ‘How does this impact the organization of other institutions in society, like church, extended family, civic associations, and ideological movements?’
      • ‘And for such an important institution in our society, this is a big deal.’
      • ‘I thank them all for their commitment to the people they serve and to our democratic institution, this Parliament.’
      • ‘It relates to important institutions in our society.’
      • ‘Official institutions, like the church, remained undeveloped and weak.’
      • ‘This was in the light of the implications that would flow for Parliament itself as an institution (the role of MPs in particular) in holding the executive to account.’
    3. 1.3 A large company or other organization involved in financial trading.
      ‘City institutions’
      • ‘That the large financial institutions, which invest the insurance funds, have been able to provide finance for all comers.’
      • ‘Are there any financial institutions that will lend me the $30,000 I need to get started?’
      • ‘For Bosch and many big professional investment institutions, good governance adds to the bottom line of creating shareholder wealth.’
      • ‘Several foreign financial institutions have since then been scouting Taiwan for potential partners.’
      • ‘When the euro was introduced as a virtual currency in January 1999, financial institutions reviewed their charges.’
      • ‘It needs financial institutions that can recycle savings and create credit to stimulate new investment of all sorts.’
      • ‘The improved economic conditions will encourage lending by financial institutions.’
      • ‘Eavesdropping can also be a problem in commercial buildings where financial institutions are housed.’
      • ‘Revenue officials have confirmed that they take no part whatsoever in the setting of interest rates offered by financial institutions.’
      • ‘High domestic savings encouraged financial institutions to lend beyond the limits of prudence.’
      • ‘Major credit cards vary in how they compute this rate, but it's usually much higher than what a financial institution would charge for a loan.’
      • ‘The government will also forbid new bank loans in pesos, and insist financial institutions lend only in dollars.’
      • ‘Financial institutions and professional service E&O insurance prices are skyrocketing.’
      • ‘Uneven distribution of the religious revenues transformed a segment of clerics into entrepreneurs who purchased real estate and invested in other financial institutions.’
      • ‘It follows that from a purely economic point of view there is no magic distinction between the activities of a bank and those of other financial or lending institutions.’
      • ‘Consumers will be able to compare rates with financial institutions across the EU when looking for a personal loan under new laws drawn up yesterday.’
      • ‘Little can be done to rein in personal borrowing as interest rates the only way to curb lending by financial institutions are set by the European Central Bank.’
      • ‘The regional banks would also hold the reserves of financial institutions in their region, permitting a concerted response to any crisis.’
      • ‘It is important that first-time buyers look at their other outgoings before applying for a mortgage, as any other borrowings may impact on the amount a financial institution is prepared to lend.’
      • ‘However, its critics have highlighted the scheme's inability to cap possible charges imposed by financial institutions on the new accounts.’
      company, firm, business, concern, operation, agency, office, bureau, house, guild, organization, trust, partnership, federation, conglomerate, consortium, syndicate, group, chain, combine, multiple, multinational
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  • 2An established law or practice.

    ‘the institution of marriage’
    • ‘Romantic notions aside, I believe the institution of marriage is a fundamentally practical one that does not even require love.’
    • ‘I very much believe that the decline of Christian values means we are a less tolerant and respectful society and that important institutions such as the family have suffered as a result.’
    • ‘After all, social institutions, including religion, politics, and science, would need to adapt to such a development.’
    • ‘The same point can be made on a much bigger scale if we consider a social institution such as religion.’
    • ‘While Alice loves her children, the institution of slavery constricts and circumscribes her love for them.’
    • ‘To our lights, so was the idea that the institution of marriage was in jeopardy.’
    • ‘Religion as a social institution is not identical with a deeper spiritual life and even can prosper for a time when such a life is lacking.’
    • ‘Marriage was initially a social institution to strengthen the alliance between families.’
    • ‘As a matter of law, the institution of ‘marriage’ is itself the product, the creation, of the exercise of state power.’
    • ‘No fewer than 19 states in the United States of America have also passed similar legislation to safeguard the institution of marriage.’
    • ‘We learn that neither a convent nor the institution of marriage would be likely to provide the kind of safety required from the invading French.’
    • ‘In these relationships, Michell portrays the ugliness in the institution of marriage and the establishment of family.’
    • ‘Undoubtedly the fact that the institution of slavery froze billions of dollars of capital into human beings was of great importance in maintaining this way of life.’
    • ‘Should we adopt Scandinavia's style of socio-economic policy, reducing our commitment to the institution of marriage and improving our commitment to parenthood?’
    • ‘Marriage is primarily a social institution, not a religious one.’
    • ‘Thus, just as in the American South, Cherokee lawmakers would prohibit legal marriages between slaves and free people to preserve the institution of slavery.’
    • ‘Amish communities routinely practice the institution of rumspringa (from the German herumspringen, to jump around).’
    • ‘Religion is a social institution and, as such, is characterised by all of the conflicts that have marked the history of our society.’
    • ‘Religion remained one of the most important of institutions in American civil society.’
    • ‘Our government should respect every person and protect the institution of marriage.’
    practice, custom, phenomenon, fact, procedure, convention, usage, tradition, rite, ritual, fashion, use, habit, wont
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    1. 2.1informal A well-established and familiar person or custom.
      ‘he soon became something of a national institution’
      • ‘Twenty-four years since he escaped death-by-civil-service in an employment office in Tooting, Merton, 47, is a bona fide British institution.’
      • ‘Dress codes are a British institution, and the British love their uniforms.’
      • ‘she is now considered as something of a "national institution".’
      custom, practice, convention, ritual, ceremony, observance, wont, routine, way, rule, usage, habit
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  • 3mass noun The action of instituting something.

    ‘a delay in the institution of proceedings’
    • ‘A central feature of the new legislation, in contrast, is the institution of a permit system granting water rights for 20 years.’
    • ‘I do not believe there is a finding that institution of proceedings on one occasion made them troublesome tenants.’
    • ‘What will the institution of a practice doctorate do to that trend?’
    • ‘First of all, your Honour, we say this was not at the time of institution of these proceedings an inappropriate forum.’
    installation, instatement, induction, investiture, inauguration, introduction, swearing in, initiation
    initiation, launch, launching, start, starting, beginning, setting in motion, putting in motion, getting under way, getting going, getting off the ground, instigation, setting up, inauguration, founding, foundation, establishment, organization, activation, actuation, generation, origination
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Late Middle English (in institution (sense 2, institution sense 3)): via Old French from Latin institutio(n-), from the verb instituere (see institute). institution (sense 1) dates from the early 18th century.