Definition of inositol in English:

inositol

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] A simple carbohydrate which occurs in animal and plant tissue and is a vitamin of the B group.

    • ‘Molecules with phosphorylated inositol are termed polyphosphoinositides.’
    • ‘In the intact plant, inositol is synthesized in the leaf in response to salinization, and transported to the root in phloem.’
    • ‘Even wild-type strains exhibit growth stimulation in response to supplementation with inositol and choline.’
    • ‘For calibration, standard monosaccharide solutions and inositol (the internal standard) were used.’
    • ‘Betaine, along with choline, methionine, vitamin B12, and inositol, were first known for their ability to protect against the development of fatty liver in animals as early as 1954.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from the earlier name inosite + -ol.

Pronunciation:

inositol

/ʌɪˈnəʊsɪtɒl/