Definition of inositol in English:

inositol

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] A simple carbohydrate which occurs in animal and plant tissue and is a vitamin of the B group.

    • ‘Molecules with phosphorylated inositol are termed polyphosphoinositides.’
    • ‘In the intact plant, inositol is synthesized in the leaf in response to salinization, and transported to the root in phloem.’
    • ‘Betaine, along with choline, methionine, vitamin B12, and inositol, were first known for their ability to protect against the development of fatty liver in animals as early as 1954.’
    • ‘For calibration, standard monosaccharide solutions and inositol (the internal standard) were used.’
    • ‘Even wild-type strains exhibit growth stimulation in response to supplementation with inositol and choline.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from the earlier name inosite + -ol.

Pronunciation:

inositol

/ʌɪˈnəʊsɪtɒl/