Definition of infringe in English:



[with object]
  • 1Actively break the terms of (a law, agreement, etc.)

    ‘making an unauthorized copy would infringe copyright’
    • ‘It was held that the defendants infringed the plaintiff's exclusive right conferred by the Copyright Act 1911 to authorise a performance of the play.’
    • ‘The only basis on which it was put was that this was an unlawful reduction of capital and in breach of section 195 as far as infringing the law is concerned.’
    • ‘Use only content (pictures, text, videos,…) made by yourself or with explicit permission, everything else probably infringes someone's copyright.’
    • ‘We need to be able to make the penalties so severe that there is a deterrent there that will stop somebody from infringing the law or from taking advantage of young people.’
    • ‘Claim 1 is the only claim of the patent which is alleged to have been infringed by the Defendants yet to possess independent inventive significance.’
    • ‘It's a fascinating case as James Newton, the flautist in question, did not claim that his copyright had been infringed.’
    • ‘Some time ago he spent several months in a German jail for infringing that country's laws on holocaust denial.’
    • ‘A father's authority over his family does not permit him to infringe the laws of the secular government.’
    • ‘His parents had infringed the law of Preliminary Licensed Breeding.’
    • ‘Two, IR35 infringes EC law regarding freedom of movement for workers.’
    • ‘Not only are these of inferior quality, you could yourself be infringing copyright laws by using them, no matter how much you paid.’
    • ‘Remember, there is no shame in imitating, provided you don't infringe patent laws.’
    • ‘People would not be able to copy chunks of code because they would be infringing someone else's copyright.’
    • ‘Identify in precise terms the rule of law said to have been infringed;’
    • ‘An insidious practice appears to be growing which may deprive buyers of the protection of the implied terms without infringing the statutory controls.’
    • ‘More promising is the use of the right to exit at a fair price as a remedy where the majority have infringed some rule or standard which the law has laid down to regulate their conduct.’
    • ‘Their first ground of challenge is that the regime is unlawful both because it infringes a fundamental common law right of access to the courts and because it is contrary to Section 32 of the 1988 Act.’
    • ‘The difficulty with expert opinion evidence is that sometimes the expert relies on the work or word of other individuals and therefore may infringe the rule against hearsay.’
    • ‘Holding maintains he does not infringe the law, since his chips do not contain any code.’
    • ‘None of the claims have been infringed by the defendants.’
    contravene, violate, transgress, break, breach, commit a breach of, disobey, defy, flout, fly in the face of, ride roughshod over, kick against
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  • 2Act so as to limit or undermine (something); encroach on.

    ‘such widespread surveillance could infringe personal liberties’
    no object ‘I wouldn't infringe on his privacy’
    • ‘It is a vexing issue of how to serve the needs of children and disabled adults without infringing religious liberty.’
    • ‘What right had he to infringe on my personal relationships?’
    • ‘While that is bad, is that number high enough to infringe on the liberties of every single driver in the state?’
    • ‘While this may seem to infringe on the personal liberty of those who can afford to buy two or more homes, it would increase the liberty of those who can, at present, no longer afford to buy one.’
    • ‘There is a place for a healthy patriotism so long as it does not undermine or infringe on the rights and feelings of others.’
    • ‘As regards value judgments this requirement is impossible of fulfillment and it infringes freedom of opinion itself, which is a fundamental part of the right secured by Article 10 of the Convention…’
    • ‘But in the second situation, the right to silence or not to incriminate oneself may be infringed.’
    • ‘Of course, I don't know why they have rules which infringe on my personal rights.’
    • ‘In his report Mr Crumley said he didn't feel the development would infringe on the elderly people's privacy.’
    • ‘If you infringe on or damage someone else's property then you are liable for the damages.’
    • ‘It was submitted that his return to the United States would cause the United Kingdom to infringe his freedom from inhuman treatment.’
    • ‘The slipperiness of the term tends to make for bad laws, legislated in haste, that infringe civil liberties.’
    • ‘In the end, however, the courts remain subservient to parliament and will have to apply a clear and unambiguous provision, even if it feels that it improperly infringes an individual's civil liberties.’
    • ‘There are very few laws that have been held to be unconstitutional for infringing freedom of speech in recent years.’
    • ‘How do courts figure out whether a law goes too far in infringing liberty?’
    • ‘Invitations can, however, infringe domestic autonomy.’
    • ‘The Bill of Rights spells out citizens' inherent liberties and limits the government's power to infringe those rights.’
    • ‘Possibly the only sanction should be to require that those who reveal information which infringes other people's privacy should be obliged to reveal all about their own affairs.’
    • ‘I'm against it, as an unnecessary and expensive excuse to infringe my civil liberties, but there are those for them and against.’
    • ‘This… infringes a person's rights and their dignity and we must make sure it doesn't happen to anybody else.’
    undermine, erode, diminish, weaken, impair, damage, compromise
    trespass on, encroach on, impinge on, intrude on, enter, invade
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Mid 16th century: from Latin infringere, from in- ‘into’ + frangere ‘to break’.