Definition of information in English:



  • 1Facts provided or learned about something or someone.

    ‘a vital piece of information’
    • ‘He had missed the midday news broadcast that had announced this vital piece of information.’
    • ‘The trial had heard that a vital piece of information was missing.’
    • ‘The Murray family believe one person has a vital piece of information that could lead to a breakthrough in the case.’
    • ‘You, sir, for what ever reason, work hard to provide solid information on a regular basis that I can use.’
    • ‘Your letter provides no facts, details or information that in anyway contradict the article.’
    • ‘Disputes often arise about what information was in fact provided in a given case.’
    • ‘Police stressed the man was not a suspect or under arrest but hoped he could provide vital information that could lead them to the killer.’
    • ‘But now the regular information they received from police has ground to a halt.’
    • ‘This is a national helpline that can provide sound advice and information on giving up smoking.’
    • ‘The unit will provide information and advice to members of the public on their rights and entitlements.’
    • ‘He's always there to provide those pieces of information that are forgotten by the others.’
    • ‘Women who are Rhesus negative will receive information and counselling about the treatment.’
    • ‘He said another new witness had been found who could provide vital information regarding an identification issue.’
    • ‘They will also be consulted on plans for future developments and receive regular information about the hospital.’
    • ‘Facts provide information which is free from the contamination of a subjective viewpoint.’
    • ‘Drug treatment, counselling services, and advice and information may be provided from a primary service.’
    • ‘Yes, but I have to say it is still unusual for one person to receive three pieces of information from three separate sources.’
    • ‘The information service can provide you with information and advice on all your rights and entitlements.’
    • ‘The charity provides advice and information on topics such as access to benefits and services.’
    • ‘There are some pieces of information that I will provide here that I believe are worth reading.’
    details, particulars, facts, figures, statistics, data
    knowledge, intelligence
    instruction, advice, guidance, direction, counsel, enlightenment
    news, notice, word
    material, documentation, documents
    info, gen, the low-down, the dope, the inside story, the latest, bumf, deets
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Law [count noun]A charge lodged with a magistrates' court.
      ‘the tenant may lay an information against his landlord’
      • ‘These private informations came before the Justice of the Peace for the pre-hearing required under Section 507.1 of the Criminal Code.’
      • ‘The Local Court Magistrate quashed and declared void the informations.’
      • ‘However, the duty of the court is to hear informations which are properly before it.’
      • ‘When the justices purported to commit the appellant on these informations, they were doing something which in law they had no power to do.’
      • ‘The rule developed during a period of extreme formality and technicality in the preferring of indictments and laying of informations.’
  • 2What is conveyed or represented by a particular arrangement or sequence of things.

    ‘genetically transmitted information’
    • ‘Money is supposed to convey information about the economic value of a product or service.’
    • ‘We need to look outside of the ‘normal channels’ used to convey security information.’
    • ‘The price information was then conveyed back to Europe or other relevant locations.’
    • ‘The choice of axioms in a logical system can represent content specific information.’
    • ‘I love maps, especially maps that convey information about our world in a novel way.’
    • ‘In general, information about sport was conveyed by newspapers or by word-of-mouth.’
    • ‘It must sit on something, it must be able to convey its information to somewhere; it must be able to be reset.’
    • ‘They are physically expressive and convey emotional information through touch.’
    • ‘Even so, we may still be forced to contemplate changes in the way information is conveyed.’
    • ‘The bandwidth constraints of the internet force us to find more concise ways to represent information.’
    • ‘He doesn't ever answer why the system's price conveys the correct global information.’
    • ‘Topic Maps are useful because they convey more information we can use.’
    • ‘Nine times out of ten these calls convey information that no one needs to know.’
    • ‘The practitioner, in turn, may consciously or unconsciously convey this information to the patient.’
    • ‘The forms in which information was conveyed were often not transparent or intuitive.’
    • ‘The central characteristic of the genre is accuracy in conveying information about cities and ancient buildings.’
    • ‘They convey useful information about the perceived scarcity of the resource.’
    • ‘Nearly half are sensory which convey information to the brain; the rest are motor which transmit orders from the brain.’
    • ‘Then the scientists measured how much information the songs could convey.’
    • ‘Another official at the agency said its staff tried to convey relevant information quickly this time.’
    1. 2.1Computing Data as processed, stored, or transmitted by a computer.
      • ‘Staff at the Revenue have wide access to computers, which store information on up to 60m people.’
      • ‘Where does all of this electronic information get stored and how do children process it?’
      • ‘In most computer systems, the information is carried by wires and electronic parts.’
      • ‘All the information was stored by the digital camera when the picture was taken.’
      • ‘This takes snapshots of a system's hard disk content and stores the information in a compressed form on a server.’
      • ‘The client software can then be used to keep the information on the handset synchronized with the information stored on the server.’
      • ‘Hibernation is when the system stores all the information it has in its memory onto the hard disk, then shuts down.’
      • ‘Your computer accesses the information a little at a time, just ahead of what you're listening to.’
      • ‘The computer can record how accurately information is processed and how quickly.’
      • ‘A desktop machine built three years ago would be enough to store all the information needed.’
      • ‘All the cards contain a computer chip which stores information, such as what type of meal has been purchased by the pupil.’
      • ‘Bios information is stored inside a chip housed on the computer's motherboard.’
      • ‘At that price, he reasoned, it would finally be cheaper to store information on computer than it is on paper.’
      • ‘They had to programme their robot by using a computer and downloading the information into the robot via a Lego brick.’
      • ‘MPO lets processors store information locally so it is there when they need it, without those latencies.’
      • ‘You can use a laptop computer to download information about the performance of the machine.’
      • ‘They have revealed fears that the information stored on blank discs is vulnerable to being lost within a decade.’
      • ‘Although the hardware is still at a very basic stage, the theory of how quantum computers process information is well advanced.’
      • ‘Codes act as tags that are placed on data about people to allow the information to be processed by the computer.’
      • ‘There is also provision to change the information stored on the battery-operated boards.’
    2. 2.2(in information theory) a mathematical quantity expressing the probability of occurrence of a particular sequence of symbols, impulses, etc., as against that of alternative sequences.


Late Middle English (also in the sense ‘formation of the mind, teaching’), via Old French from Latin informatio(n-), from the verb informare (see inform).