Definition of inflammation in English:



  • [mass noun] A localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, especially as a reaction to injury or infection.

    ‘steroid injections can have a dramatic effect in reducing inflammation and relieving pain’
    ‘chronic inflammation of the nasal cavities’
    • ‘Two thirds showed chronic inflammation, and one quarter showed subacute inflammation.’
    • ‘Antibiotics may be combined with steroids to help reduce canal skin inflammation and pain.’
    • ‘These work in the same way as inhaled preventers, by reducing inflammation.’
    • ‘Antihistamine drugs can be used to reduce inflammation when it is caused by an allergic reaction.’
    • ‘The only thing we can say for certain is that we still have a lot to learn about the relation between cancer and chronic inflammation.’
    • ‘Hypoalbuminaemia may be a reflection of chronic inflammation rather than of nutrition in itself.’
    • ‘If your chronic sinusitis is caused by an allergy, nasal sprays can also reduce inflammation.’
    • ‘There is evidence that they reduce inflammation, but it is not completely understood how they work.’
    • ‘This phenomenon could have increased the severity of periodontal inflammation.’
    • ‘The steroid cream helps to reduce the inflammation caused by the infection.’
    • ‘Tenderness may be localised, if due to inflammation or other disorders in the pelvis.’
    • ‘Local corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation in patients with chronic tendinopathies.’
    • ‘In thyroiditis, there is inflammation of the thyroid gland from either infection or autoimmune attack.’
    • ‘Pneumonia is an infection or inflammation of the lung tissue, but can spread affecting the whole of the body.’
    • ‘Tennis elbow is inflammation in the area around the bony bump on the outer side of the elbow.’
    • ‘It is healthy to have bacteria in our system to fight off infections and prevent inflammation.’
    • ‘In the Caribbean, the leaves of the breadfruit are used in folk medicine to relieve pain and inflammation.’
    • ‘Corticosteroid drugs are used to reduce inflammation, usually as a result of an injury.’
    • ‘Complications include diarrhoea, pneumonia, ear infection and inflammation of the brain.’
    • ‘Hepatitis A is an infection that leads to inflammation of the liver and is caused by the hepatitis A virus.’
    swelling, puffiness
    redness, rawness, hotness, heat, burning, smarting, stinging
    soreness, pain, painfulness, tenderness, sensitivity
    infection, festering, eruption, suppuration, septicity
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Late Middle English: from Latin inflammatio(n-), from the verb inflammare (see inflame).