Definition of induction in English:



  • 1The action or process of inducting someone to a post or organization:

    ‘induction into membership of a Masonic brotherhood’
    • ‘Her faction had been the cause of his induction into the organization and was directly responsible for whether he kept working with Mack and Emma or not.’
    • ‘Still others argue that it was a kind of induction into adulthood, or a hangover from archaic initiation rituals which leave traces in Plato's emphasis on education.’
    • ‘A mentoring process can facilitate graduates' induction into the profession as they assume school counseling positions.’
    • ‘In fact the whole induction proves much less traumatic than anticipated - after all, what could be more fun than talking about me for a whole hour?’
    • ‘After this induction into adulthood, the boys travel back to their communities as men.’
    • ‘That induction into what my mother later called ‘a secret society’ soon introduced me to quite a number of Stoics, already sworn-in members.’
    • ‘‘Hazing is to be understood as a form of socialization, or of induction into groups,’ said Young.’
    • ‘Vaidya's induction into the bank is part of the ongoing management restructuring at the bank, according to a release.’
    • ‘And congratulations to you on your induction into the Western Music Hall of Fame.’
    • ‘But since her Oscar and her induction into Hollywood, she has entered a fallow period.’
    • ‘They tracked the students through their inductions, exams and graduations and through the emotions, trials and tribulations.’
    1. 1.1[usually as modifier] A formal introduction to a new job or position:
      ‘an induction course’
      • ‘As job inductions go, the Lord Mayor's Show is certainly wide-ranging.’
      • ‘At their induction into a parish, priests are given what is called ‘real, actual and corporeal possession’ of a parish.’
      • ‘Their first week is likely to be made up of induction training in the mornings and gaining product knowledge on the shop floor in the afternoons.’
      • ‘The CO said this year would see a focus on staff inductions, expectations and education, as well as team activities.’
      • ‘When I arrived for induction, I saw only eight or 10 of the applicants with whom I had taken the test.’
      • ‘Introduction to the library starts during students' initial induction.’
      • ‘Mass recruitment, induction and education training for new members;’
      • ‘Workers from all sub-contractors go through site inductions and, most times, have to sign-in every day they are on site.’
      installation, instatement, induction, investiture, inauguration, introduction, swearing in, initiation
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2US Enlistment into military service.
      • ‘Among the Zulu, King Shaka abolished initiation and substituted military induction for males.’
      • ‘I advanced rapidly and was a sergeant upon induction.’
      • ‘I was still on military time from my induction to government service.’
      • ‘In the 1960s and early 1970s, inner city youth were targeted for induction into military service.’
      • ‘I was classified 1A, which qualified me for induction into the US Army on February 20, 1951.’
      • ‘I had been driven down this highway on the way to my military induction ordeal.’
      • ‘All other draft-age men should be subject to military induction.’
      • ‘We've all heard of the American bootcamp experience for induction training in the army.’
      • ‘In military induction the conflict is much more subtle involving society's need for security and its need for ethics.’
      • ‘Some events that proceeded my ac actual induction in the Army are really a part of this story.’
      • ‘A fair number of today's soldiers arrive at induction centers with only a basic knowledge of military traditions and of the Army's rich battle heritage.’
      • ‘If not more uniform than early induction into the military, schooling is, mercifully, the more common experience.’
      induction, introduction, admission, admittance, installation, incorporation, ordination, investiture, investment, enlistment, enrolment, recruitment
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  • 2The process or action of bringing about or giving rise to something:

    ‘the induction of malformations by radiation’
    • ‘This applies not only to the initial induction of the two pollination regimes on plants, but also to subsequent field and greenhouse experiments.’
    • ‘In this respect it should be noted that induction of heat-shock proteins can also be triggered by stress factors other than heat.’
    • ‘However, the induction of phycoerythrin under UV-B stress has also been reported.’
    • ‘His first hurdle was to devise a safe and effective method of seizure induction.’
    • ‘Anthers subjected to stress conditions can become a target for embryo induction.’
    • ‘In addition to their induction by hypoxic stress, they are also found in rapidly growing tissues such as root tips of germinating seeds.’
    • ‘At 810 nm, on the other hand, the frequency of stress induction was much lower.’
    • ‘Thus, no clear evidence for the induction of this promoter by these stress conditions was found.’
    • ‘A chapter on Trance Inductions offers extensive transcripts of several forms of hypnotic inductions that will be useful to the reader new to hypnosis.’
    • ‘The induction of CAM is considered a stress response which maintains a positive carbon balance.’
    1. 2.1Medicine The process of bringing on the birth of a baby by artificial means, typically by the use of drugs.
      • ‘A recent study indicates that Cytotec labor inductions in women who have had a previous cesarean carry a 28-fold increase in the risk of uterine rupture.’
      • ‘Once the fetal demise was diagnosed, pregnancy was terminated by medical induction, such that the products of conception were largely delivered intact.’
      • ‘There seems to be a large percentage of inductions and Caesarian deliveries.’
      • ‘While in the US most women receive epidurals for pain relief in labor and many elect labor inductions, neither of these common procedures is evidence based.’
      • ‘Labor is induced in up to 20 percent of pregnancies, and cervical ripening is required in about one half of inductions.’
  • 3Logic
    The inference of a general law from particular instances:

    ‘the admission that laws of nature cannot be established by induction’
    Often contrasted with deduction
    • ‘Similarly, there is no deductive proof that induction - inference from past evidence to future occurrences - is valid.’
    • ‘Hans Reichenbach defended it by saying that the only conceivable way we can learn anything about nature is by making inductions from available evidence.’
    • ‘When this is pointed out, many fall back to the softer empiricist idea that we know by induction that nature in fact is economical in its means.’
    • ‘Hume famously claimed that inductions are based on regularities found in experience, and concluded that the inductive predictions may very well turn out being false.’
    • ‘The two principal features of Bacon's new method were an emphasis on gradual, progressive inductions, and a method of exclusion.’
    • ‘There are techniques to critical thinking, such as the careful application of logic or the alternative application of deduction and induction.’
    • ‘First, it seems to be that I agree that induction does not prove something; however, it also appeared to me that we both agreed that it was an ‘indicator.’’
    • ‘For Aristotle, there are two species of arguments: inductions and deductions (Posterior Analytics I.1, 71a5ff.).’
    deriving, induction, deduction, deducing, inferring, inference, gathering, gleaning, drawing out, extraction, eliciting
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 The production of facts to prove a general statement.
    2. 3.2Mathematics A means of proving a theorem by showing that if it is true of any particular case it is true of the next case in a series, and then showing that it is indeed true in one particular case.
      • ‘The method of mathematical induction may be very useful.’
      • ‘The principle of mathematical induction, claimed Poincaré, cannot be logically deduced.’
      • ‘This result is easy to prove by mathematical induction.’
      • ‘Many of the formula on the Fibonacci and Golden Section formulae page can be proved by induction.’
      • ‘As well as his analysis of the nature of number, his work on mathematical induction is of major importance.’
  • 4The production of an electric or magnetic state by the proximity (without contact) of an electrified or magnetized body.

    • ‘After all parts are connected, electromagnetic induction will cause stimulation of the cochlear nerve, which allows the patient to perceive sound.’
    • ‘This example illustrates the phenomenon of induction - an electrical charge built up due to the rearrangement of atoms.’
    • ‘Other topics he worked on include wave propagation, electrical induction, earthquakes, aeronautics, and the theory of tides.’
    • ‘Controlled adjustable manufacturing method for variable laminations used in electro-magnetic induction devices’
    • ‘He published his theory of electrical induction in two papers, the first in 1845 and the second in 1847.’
    1. 4.1 The production of an electric current in a conductor by varying the magnetic field applied to the conductor.
      • ‘As this bobbin is such an excellent conductor, the change in the magnetic flux is opposed in the bobbin by the induction of an alternating current.’
      • ‘These assumed action at a distance and deduced the mathematical laws for induction of electric currents.’
      • ‘This yields low eddy current losses at high induction levels.’
      • ‘According to Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction, a changing magnetic field can induce electric current to flow in any conductive structure nearby.’
  • 5The stage of the working cycle of an internal combustion engine in which the fuel mixture is drawn into the cylinders.

    • ‘In speaking of Newtonian mechanics, he praised it for bringing so much under so few hypotheses, and spoke of it as a ‘consilience of inductions.’’


Late Middle English: from Latin inductio(n-), from the verb inducere lead into (see induce).