Definition of induce in English:



[with object]
  • 1 Succeed in persuading or leading (someone) to do something.

    ‘the pickets induced many workers to stay away’
    • ‘Suddenly, the apartment is filled by a foreign noise that at first induces me to believe that my crazy neighbour has set the building on fire.’
    • ‘This induced him to pursue a career in science, he recalls.’
    • ‘Nothing now would induce me to swap this life for a return to a sensible job and a mortgage’
    • ‘Comfortable chairs induce us to sit, relax, converse, and become fat, fat, fat.’
    • ‘Deceit is a deliberate tort by which A misleads B with the actual intention of inducing him to act in a particular way.’
    • ‘Nothing on earth could induce me to strip off at -10 degrees.’
    • ‘The office is full of touts and bureaucrats who are out to make the process as lengthy and complicated as they can, in order to induce you to resort to a bribe.’
    • ‘The tax forces the polluter himself to bear the cost, inducing him to lower pollution to the socially optimal level.’
    • ‘What on earth would induce us to risk something so valuable?’
    • ‘Must I shoot a simple minded soldier boy who deserts, while I must not touch a hair of a wily agitator who induces him to desert?’
    • ‘Forcefully I pushed my lips against him, inducing him into a kiss.’
    • ‘My father tried to induce me to learn Arabic poetry by heart, encouraged me, gave me prizes - also for knowledge in astronomy.’
    • ‘You should receive much more - like 9 per cent - to induce you to move from a riskless to a high-risk investment in stock funds.’
    • ‘The reductiveness is not didactic, as it is with John Cage when he induces us to look at nuances that are usually overlooked.’
    • ‘By inducing us to look for the aesthetic features of things, the sense of beauty attracts us to what is most distinctive and individual in the objects we love.’
    • ‘It's clear that the federal law prohibits anybody from inducing anyone to come into the United States illegally.’
    • ‘In my more sighted days, little would have induced me to listen to a radio programme on disability.’
    • ‘And that it has indeed induced me to spend more of my hard-earned money.’
    • ‘By inducing us to ask which person, if either, really deserves to be master, they put an entire social system, and its history, into moral question.’
    persuade, convince, prevail upon, get, make, prompt, move, inspire, instigate, influence, exert influence on, press, urge, incite, encourage, impel, actuate, motivate
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  • 2Bring about or give rise to.

    ‘none of these measures induced a change of policy’
    • ‘Within the body, melatonin is secreted within the brain to induce sleep.’
    • ‘This literal difference in duration does not detract from a work's capacity to induce hypnotic, mind-numbing, humorous or even claustrophobic effects.’
    • ‘The bath also soothes the tired nerves and induces sound sleep.’
    • ‘If cyanide is known to be ingested, do not induce vomiting or give fluids to drink.’
    • ‘Everyone knows that chamomile tea can be used to induce sleep.’
    • ‘We conducted experiments to test the hypothesis that acute stress induces a redistribution of leukocytes from the blood to other compartments in the body.’
    • ‘We can agree that the ship owner's action in inducing the optimistic belief was morally highly reprehensible.’
    • ‘The release goes on to list a number of chest-thumping accomplishments guaranteed to induce yawns among anyone who knows better.’
    • ‘It induces drowsiness and sleep and is powerfully amnestic.’
    • ‘Heavy meals and certain foods, such as turkey, warm milk and bananas, induce sleep.’
    • ‘It helps ease stress, tension and induce sleep, and some drinkers claim it does wonders for digestion.’
    • ‘Cortisol levels can be elevated for a variety of reasons - hardcore training itself can induce this rise.’
    • ‘Dried hops are soft and sweet smelling with a natural narcotic effect that will induce restful sleep, while lavender flowers and rose petals are refreshingly fragrant.’
    • ‘It is now the star of the project - coal fires are lit regularly and wonderful cooking smells are induced by herbs and onions.’
    • ‘What induces the appearance of incoherence about unity is the short time scale.’
    • ‘It has been shown that heat stress can induce a rapid rise in the polyphasic fluorescence transients.’
    • ‘This herb has been proven to induce sleep and have a sedative effect, which can help pain sufferers sleep better.’
    • ‘Peppermint also helps to allay nausea and acts as a soothing sedative to induce relaxation and sleep.’
    • ‘The opening sequence paints a portrait of the quietus and quaintness of suburbia and the stifling boredom it can induce.’
    • ‘As a result, any given stimulus will reliably induce the same effect in the ‘dependent’ sense in an individual.’
    • ‘I even had wine last night to try and induce sleep.’
    • ‘The effect was to induce a recession, but it also permanently brought down inflation, and, perhaps as important, inflationary expectations.’
    • ‘It is a central nervous system depressant that relieves pain and induces sleep.’
    bring about, bring on, cause, be the cause of, produce, effect, create, give rise to, generate, originate, instigate, engender, occasion, set in motion, develop, lead to, result in, have as a consequence, have as a result, trigger off, spark off, whip up, stir up, kindle, arouse, rouse, foster, promote, encourage
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    1. 2.1 Produce (an electric charge or current or a magnetic state) by induction.
      ‘the current in the primary winding is induced by the rotating magnet’
      • ‘The metal oxide in the vias between the metal lines changes resistance depending on its magnetic state induced by those fields.’
      • ‘As the magnetic storm raged through the night, huge geomagnetically induced currents surged through the wires and cables.’
      • ‘This induces electrical current in neurons, causing depolarization that then has behavioral effects.’
      • ‘Electrical and magnetic fields can induce currents that might alter the voltages across cell membranes.’
      • ‘In 1831, Michael Faraday showed that a moving magnet could induce an electric current in a wire - the basis of an electric generator.’
      • ‘The alternating flux in the core in turn induces an alternating current in each of the secondary coils.’
      • ‘An alternating current is induced in the earth by the transmitter and measured at the receiver.’
      • ‘This persistent current induces a magnetic field which exactly cancels the external field.’
      • ‘Likewise, a wire loop being pushed into a magnetic field will induce a current which will make it difficult to continue pushing.’
      • ‘According to Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction, a changing magnetic field can induce electric current to flow in any conductive structure nearby.’
      • ‘These currents are induced by the rapidly changing magnetic field generated by a coil supplied with an alternating current.’
      • ‘For this reason, electric currents can be induced within fast-moving metal space probes.’
      • ‘He showed that a magnet could induce an electrical current in a wire.’
      • ‘They reduced this activity by applying a source of magnetic stimulation to the head, inducing an electric current in the brain.’
      • ‘Naturally occurring variations in the Earth's magnetic field induce eddy currents in the Earth that are detectable as electric field variations on the surface.’
      • ‘When waves cause the coil to move up and down relative to the fixed magnetic shaft, voltage is induced and electricity is generated.’
      • ‘Electromagnetic therapy uses a pulsed magnetic field to induce current.’
      • ‘Due to irradiation of the laser beam, a defect position is heated to cause a thermoelectromotive current, which induces a magnetic field.’
      • ‘When a conducting metal is introduced into this field, an eddy current is induced in the metal.’
      • ‘This current induces a magnetic force that vibrates the string, inducing a small current in the second coil.’
    2. 2.2usually as adjective inducedPhysics Cause (radioactivity) by bombardment with radiation.
      • ‘The energy levels of the gamma rays are too low to induce radioactivity.’
  • 3Medicine
    Bring on (the birth of a baby) artificially, typically by the use of drugs.

    ‘induced labour’
    • ‘Some investigators have found statistical associations between induced abortion and subsequent miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies.’
    • ‘There was some concern that babies born during the day are more likely to be preterm or high risk babies who have had induced births.’
    • ‘This confirms women's views that medical staff may induce a birth to prevent a caesarean section only when the woman is poor.’
    • ‘The second option is known as a medically induced abortion (or medical induction abortion) and is similar to a late miscarriage.’
    • ‘Augmented and induced labours were those where drugs were used to augment or induce labour.’
    1. 3.1 Bring on childbirth in (a pregnant woman) artificially, typically by the use of drugs.
      ‘Carol was induced just four days before her baby's due date’
      • ‘It was explained to me that because I was far-gone I would have to give birth by being induced into labour.’
      • ‘Eventually, doctors managed to stabilise her condition and when she turned 36 weeks pregnant, induced her.’
      • ‘Apparently I was induced when they realised my Mum had high blood pressure.’
      • ‘My waters had broken at home and they'd been trying to induce me but nothing was happening at all so I wasn't surprised when they said I'd need a caesarean section.’
  • 4Logic
    Derive by inductive reasoning.

    ‘from the experimental evidence, one infers or induces the hypothesis’
    • ‘Moreover, Galileo approved Aristotle's position that explanatory principles must be induced from the data of sense experience.’
    • ‘In fact, this is how the Pyrrhonists treated all sceptical arguments: as intended to induce suspension of judgement, not assent to a negative, epistemological conclusion.’


Late Middle English (formerly also as enduce): from Latin inducere ‘lead in’, from in- ‘into’ + ducere ‘to lead’, or from French enduire. Compare with endue.