Definition of Indian problem in English:

Indian problem

noun

Chess
  • A problem in which two pieces are withdrawn to allow an opponent to escape from a stalemate position, while simultaneously being used to prepare a trap in the form of a discovered checkmate.

Origin

Mid 19th century. So called on account of its having been introduced by Henry Augustus Loveday, a Chaplain of the Bengal Ecclesiastical Establishment, who sent the problem (under the pseudonym ‘Shagird’) from Delhi to the Chess Player's Chronicle in 1845.