Definition of include in English:

include

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Comprise or contain as part of a whole.

    ‘the price includes dinner, bed, and breakfast’
    ‘other changes included the abolition of the death penalty’
    • ‘Food, drinks and a cabaret, usually involving belly dancers, are included in the price.’
    • ‘The article also includes a section on use of cadavers in other research.’
    • ‘The fries were quite good, and they are included in the price of the dinner.’
    • ‘The admission price includes free entry to the door prize, which will be raffled that day.’
    • ‘I note with satisfaction that I am not asked to pay airport tax - it seems to be included in the tour price.’
    • ‘Price also includes breakfast, afternoon tea and a combination of four evening meals and two lunches.’
    • ‘With dinner and breakfast included, this price actually works out cheaper than having to eat out twice a day.’
    • ‘The top price includes a table-side seat and meeting the players during the refreshment interval.’
    • ‘Price includes a four course lunch, a ticket for the match and a match programme.’
    • ‘On our honeymoon Shara was only allowed breakfast and dinner because lunch was not included in the price.’
    • ‘The price also includes return coach travel, return Channel crossings and a visit to Bruges.’
    • ‘All seemed to be reasonably priced and included tea or coffee.’
    • ‘The party includes a full Christmas dinner with all the trimmings, drinks and music.’
    • ‘All this was included in the holiday price, so that was great.’
    • ‘These prices are per room per night and include dinner and breakfast for two people.’
    • ‘It includes articles researched and presented with the vigour of the good scholar.’
    • ‘The price also includes a private driver and a local guide at sites of interest.’
    • ‘The few articles of furniture included a narrow bed, a chair, and a desk in one corner.’
    • ‘Food is included in the entry price so it's a bit of a bargain.’
    • ‘This price includes hotel accommodation and flights direct from Glasgow to Hong Kong, via Dubai.’
    incorporate, comprise, encompass, cover, embrace, involve, take in, number, contain
    View synonyms
  • 2Make part of a whole or set.

    ‘we have included some hints for beginners in this section’
    • ‘The FBI's documents included no hint as to how someone mistakenly put on can get himself removed.’
    • ‘The Supreme Court filings included only a hint of the nastiness and sleaze from the family fight.’
    • ‘I am under a closed and private adoption agreement, with a hint of black market included.’
    • ‘The Prime Minister hinted yesterday that legislation on airguns may be included in the Queen's Speech.’
    • ‘My friend Lawrence's pictures of Ivan were almost included in The Guardian article, but were pulled at the last minute.’
    add, insert, put in, append, enter, build in
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Allow (someone) to share in an activity or privilege.
      ‘there were doubts as to whether she was included in the invitation’
      • ‘Don't you have to have some kind of threshold before you're included in a nationally televised debate?’
      • ‘I also seem to recall that Clarke said this encounter included him and other unnamed persons.’
      • ‘Later he ticked me off for not including him in on emails to the client.’
      • ‘I was really touched that he included me on this list.’
      • ‘In fact, in my college years, they switched tactics and included me in vacations to Vegas and Nashville.’
      • ‘They talked the whole time at dinner and never once included Haylee in their discussions.’
      • ‘Her neighbours, who were mostly her own relatives, were not obstructive to her but never included her in their circle.’
      • ‘Part of that context is the community that we come from, and this community includes you.’
      • ‘He has a group of MPs around him but it is a small one and it doesn't include anyone particularly senior.’
      • ‘He was running around saying to people, look, the system is corrupt, you're not included.’
      • ‘Miss Howie said it was eight months before some officers would include her when they made cups of tea.’
      • ‘All these insecurities and reactions I had - rational or not - would not have happened if he had have included me in his fantasy.’
      • ‘Sonia reportedly informed him that the appointment included him, too.’
      • ‘I worry that she may be including me in more of her life than is healthy for someone who is just a friend.’
      • ‘He is included by name regardless of whether or not he has children.’
      • ‘More often, though, I hear plans being made around me and I'm not included.’
      • ‘The dispatcher told me that mandatory evacuations were being ordered for a certain area and we were not included.’
      • ‘He will be in the squad and the likelihood is we will include him on the bench.’
      • ‘It's so wonderful that you included me in your quest to inform!’
      • ‘There might be a cousin visiting and you have to decide whether you include him in the sample.’
      allow for, count, take into account, take into consideration
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2include someone outinformal Specifically exclude someone from a group or activity.
      • ‘If so, in the immortal words of Sam Goldwyn, ‘include me out!’’
      • ‘If that's supposed to be Utopia, include me out.’
      • ‘Nor are you, and this is important for anybody who adheres to the EE Cummings adage ‘include me out’, constantly being pestered to join in with everything.’
      • ‘But you know there was so much sense - you know he was the first one who said include me out.’
      • ‘Unless there was a compelling reason, I'm afraid I'd tell them to ‘include me out.’’

Usage

Include has a broader meaning than comprise. In the sentence the accommodation comprises 2 bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen, and living room, the word comprise implies that there is no accommodation other than that listed. Include can be used in this way too, but it is also used in a non-restrictive way, implying that there may be other things not specifically mentioned that are part of the same category, as in the price includes a special welcome pack

Origin

Late Middle English (also in the sense ‘shut in’): from Latin includere, from in- ‘into’ + claudere ‘to shut’.

Pronunciation

include

/ɪnˈkluːd/