Definition of include in English:



  • 1Comprise or contain as part of a whole.

    ‘the price includes dinner, bed, and breakfast’
    ‘other changes included the abolition of the death penalty’
    • ‘These prices are per room per night and include dinner and breakfast for two people.’
    • ‘On our honeymoon Shara was only allowed breakfast and dinner because lunch was not included in the price.’
    • ‘The few articles of furniture included a narrow bed, a chair, and a desk in one corner.’
    • ‘The article also includes a section on use of cadavers in other research.’
    • ‘The party includes a full Christmas dinner with all the trimmings, drinks and music.’
    • ‘I note with satisfaction that I am not asked to pay airport tax - it seems to be included in the tour price.’
    • ‘It includes articles researched and presented with the vigour of the good scholar.’
    • ‘The admission price includes free entry to the door prize, which will be raffled that day.’
    • ‘All this was included in the holiday price, so that was great.’
    • ‘The top price includes a table-side seat and meeting the players during the refreshment interval.’
    • ‘The price also includes a private driver and a local guide at sites of interest.’
    • ‘Food, drinks and a cabaret, usually involving belly dancers, are included in the price.’
    • ‘This price includes hotel accommodation and flights direct from Glasgow to Hong Kong, via Dubai.’
    • ‘All seemed to be reasonably priced and included tea or coffee.’
    • ‘The fries were quite good, and they are included in the price of the dinner.’
    • ‘Price includes a four course lunch, a ticket for the match and a match programme.’
    • ‘With dinner and breakfast included, this price actually works out cheaper than having to eat out twice a day.’
    • ‘Food is included in the entry price so it's a bit of a bargain.’
    • ‘Price also includes breakfast, afternoon tea and a combination of four evening meals and two lunches.’
    • ‘The price also includes return coach travel, return Channel crossings and a visit to Bruges.’
    incorporate, comprise, encompass, cover, embrace, involve, take in, number, contain
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  • 2Make part of a whole or set.

    ‘we have included some hints for beginners in this section’
    • ‘My friend Lawrence's pictures of Ivan were almost included in The Guardian article, but were pulled at the last minute.’
    • ‘The Prime Minister hinted yesterday that legislation on airguns may be included in the Queen's Speech.’
    • ‘The Supreme Court filings included only a hint of the nastiness and sleaze from the family fight.’
    • ‘The FBI's documents included no hint as to how someone mistakenly put on can get himself removed.’
    • ‘I am under a closed and private adoption agreement, with a hint of black market included.’
    add, insert, put in, append, enter, build in
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    1. 2.1Allow (someone) to share in an activity or privilege.
      ‘there were doubts as to whether she was included in the invitation’
      • ‘More often, though, I hear plans being made around me and I'm not included.’
      • ‘They talked the whole time at dinner and never once included Haylee in their discussions.’
      • ‘All these insecurities and reactions I had - rational or not - would not have happened if he had have included me in his fantasy.’
      • ‘Part of that context is the community that we come from, and this community includes you.’
      • ‘I also seem to recall that Clarke said this encounter included him and other unnamed persons.’
      • ‘He will be in the squad and the likelihood is we will include him on the bench.’
      • ‘He has a group of MPs around him but it is a small one and it doesn't include anyone particularly senior.’
      • ‘I worry that she may be including me in more of her life than is healthy for someone who is just a friend.’
      • ‘It's so wonderful that you included me in your quest to inform!’
      • ‘In fact, in my college years, they switched tactics and included me in vacations to Vegas and Nashville.’
      • ‘Miss Howie said it was eight months before some officers would include her when they made cups of tea.’
      • ‘He was running around saying to people, look, the system is corrupt, you're not included.’
      • ‘Don't you have to have some kind of threshold before you're included in a nationally televised debate?’
      • ‘Later he ticked me off for not including him in on emails to the client.’
      • ‘Sonia reportedly informed him that the appointment included him, too.’
      • ‘I was really touched that he included me on this list.’
      • ‘He is included by name regardless of whether or not he has children.’
      • ‘There might be a cousin visiting and you have to decide whether you include him in the sample.’
      • ‘The dispatcher told me that mandatory evacuations were being ordered for a certain area and we were not included.’
      • ‘Her neighbours, who were mostly her own relatives, were not obstructive to her but never included her in their circle.’
      allow for, count, take into account, take into consideration
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    2. 2.2informal Specifically exclude someone from a group or activity.
      • ‘Nor are you, and this is important for anybody who adheres to the EE Cummings adage ‘include me out’, constantly being pestered to join in with everything.’
      • ‘If that's supposed to be Utopia, include me out.’
      • ‘But you know there was so much sense - you know he was the first one who said include me out.’
      • ‘Unless there was a compelling reason, I'm afraid I'd tell them to ‘include me out.’’
      • ‘If so, in the immortal words of Sam Goldwyn, ‘include me out!’’


Include has a broader meaning than comprise. In the sentence the accommodation comprises 2 bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen, and living room, the word comprise implies that there is no accommodation other than that listed. Include can be used in this way too, but it is also used in a non-restrictive way, implying that there may be other things not specifically mentioned that are part of the same category, as in the price includes a special welcome pack


Late Middle English (also in the sense ‘shut in’): from Latin includere, from in- into + claudere to shut.