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1The occurrence, rate, or frequency of a disease, crime, or other undesirable thing:‘an increased incidence of cancer’
occurrence, prevalence, commonnessrate, frequencyamount, degree, quantity, extentView synonyms
- ‘Prostate cancer has the highest incidence rate among men, and it gets a lot of attention from the media too.’
- ‘The value to researchers is that such studies can be most successful in tracking incidences of various common diseases.’
- ‘The authors also cautioned that low infant mortality and longer life expectancy tend to increase the incidence and prevalence of cancer.’
- ‘However, he warned if current weather conditions persisted, then the number of reported incidences would increase.’
- ‘The incidence of various diseases, including cancer, increases with age.’
- ‘Panchayats should take the initiative to reduce the incidence of the disease at grass-root levels.’
- ‘Careful selection of cloves at planting can reduce the incidence of this disease.’
- ‘Furthermore, the implementation of a surveillance system may artefactually increase the incidence of a disease.’
- ‘Research from Britain indicates that poor quality housing can increase the incidence of stress and mental illness.’
- ‘The incidence of car crime is less than one reported incident per 20,000 car movements.’
- ‘The incidence of crime in most categories has increased in Co Mayo.’
- ‘I am advised that police have adopted a wide range of measures targeted at reducing the incidence of crime.’
- ‘Higher temperatures will mean increased incidences of vector-borne diseases like malaria, dengue and measles.’
- ‘The incidence of kidney disease has increased significantly in recent years.’
- ‘Low prevalence is due to a low incidence of the disease but also a high mortality rate.’
- ‘There is nothing arbitrary or accidental about the incidence of disease.’
- ‘Trees can help reduce the incidence of respiratory diseases as well as lung cancer.’
- ‘We estimated relative risks with rate ratios comparing the incidence of stroke in a particular fifth of dietary intake with that of the lowest fifth.’
- ‘There are different skull shapes, different frequencies of blood types, different incidences of heritable diseases.’
- ‘Food irradiation, it argues, reduces the incidence of food-borne diseases.’
- 1.1 The way in which the burden of a tax falls upon the population:‘the entire incidence falls on the workers’
- ‘Tax incidence is clearly an important issue - where does the burden really fall?’
- ‘In practice, the eventual receipts of any party will be reduced by the incidence of income tax.’
- ‘Answers to these questions involve the incidence of taxation and, therefore, its distribution.’
- ‘It is commercial to take into account the possible incidence of double taxation in jurisdictions outside Australia.’
- ‘For example, he treated the incidences of taxes on capital and land in lieu of examining the effects of a property tax per se.’
[mass noun] The intersection of a line, or something moving in a straight line, such as a beam of light, with a surface:‘the point of incidence of the beam’
- ‘With grazing incidence diffraction a monoclinic tilted chain lattice is found in the condensed phase.’
- ‘The optical output to which a given beam travels depends on the beam's respective direction of incidence.’
- ‘Due to the glancing incidence of the ion beam, argon is not implanted into the sample surface.’
Late Middle English (denoting a casual or subordinate event): from Old French, or from medieval Latin incidentia, from Latin incidere fall upon, happen to (see incident). incidence dates from the early 19th century.
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