Definition of inactivate in English:



[with object]
  • Make inactive or inoperative.

    ‘household bleach does not inactivate the virus’
    • ‘They may also reduce the spread of influenza viruses throughout the respiratory tract and allow upper respiratory tract mucus to inactivate the viruses more easily.’
    • ‘The aim of the approach is to reduce the risk of vaginal or anal transmission of the virus by killing or inactivating it, creating a barrier to mucosal cells or preventing the infection taking hold after it has entered the body.’
    • ‘The immune system develops a memory response to the flu vaccine because the vaccine contains inactivated viral particles.’
    • ‘The clinical trials in these instances used inactivated viruses as vectors to shuffle genes into patients' cells.’
    • ‘UV-B light has a greater penetration depth in protein solutions, however, and it was found to be ineffective at inactivating viruses to acceptable levels without damaging plasma proteins.’
    • ‘Pastuerization has also been used successfully to inactivate viruses in plasma products such as IVIG and coagulation factors, but not in FFP.’
    • ‘Methods using photochemical treatment focus on inactivating bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are present in the component.’
    • ‘If the cells lived - that is, if there were enough antibodies in the serum to inactivate the virus - they would clear the dye color to yellow as the medium became more acidic.’
    • ‘If a family member is due to receive their oral polio, they should receive inactivated polio.’
    • ‘The experimental DNA vaccine is synthesized using modified, inactivated genes from the Ebola virus.’
    • ‘Preparation of a flu vaccine involves growing a vaccine strain of the virus in fertilized chicken eggs, collecting the virus and inactivating it prior to use.’
    • ‘Dismissing critics, Salk came up with an effective way of inactivating the virus and personally conducted early human trials of the vaccine, which demonstrated its effectiveness.’
    • ‘IPV has three types of polio virus which are completely inactivated with formaldehyde.’
    • ‘These vaccines are inactivated and should be administered intramuscularly into the deltoid muscle.’
    • ‘Other rhodium complexes may also be useful for sterilising blood for transfusion by inactivating viruses.’
    • ‘They inactivated the viruses, filtered and blended the three types into the vaccine for the trial.’
    • ‘The candidate vaccine is synthesized using modified, inactivated genes from Ebola virus.’
    • ‘A third method of pathogen inactivation is therefore being considered that not only inactivates all viruses but also kills bacteria, parasites, and lymphocytes.’
    • ‘Ultraviolet disinfection units may destroy bacteria, inactivate viruses, and leave no taste or odor in the water.’
    • ‘Vaccine choices include two inactivated preparations with similar efficacy.’
    disable, deactivate, render inactive, make inoperative, prevent from working, halt, stop, immobilize
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