Definition of impulse in English:



  • 1A sudden strong and unreflective urge or desire to act.

    ‘I had an almost irresistible impulse to giggle’
    • ‘I had a sudden impulse to tell the woman pouring the wine that I loved her.’
    • ‘If people are inherently bad, then their impulses, desires, and drives are inherently bad and must be resisted, controlled, or punished.’
    • ‘My first impulse was to get away from him as quickly as possible, but sometimes that is not easy to do.’
    • ‘He adds, ‘The impulse to hoard, along with selfishness generally, is in my view inherent in human nature.’’
    • ‘High emotional tension can produce sudden impulses in your behavior that cause difficulties.’
    • ‘Driven by a mad impulse, I strolled up to the road in front of the cab, and stood before it.’
    • ‘In order to lead a virtuous life, reason must shape our impulses and guide their expression in action.’
    • ‘Our reflective capacities allow us and require us to step back from our mere impulses in order to determine when and whether to act on them.’
    • ‘He nodded, successfully resisting the sudden impulse to reach for her hand.’
    • ‘For a moment he had an impulse to confess, if for no other reason than to hear the detective tell him he'd done nothing wrong.’
    • ‘His skin was almost translucent, and for a moment I longed to reach up and touch it, but I quickly pushed the impulse aside.’
    • ‘People frequently say how much they really enjoy classical music or how they'd ‘really like to go to the symphony sometime’ but often fail to act on that impulse.’
    • ‘Bergman wants to portray the powerful, often destructive desires and impulses lying beneath placid social exteriors.’
    • ‘This novel incorporates the full spectrum of what it means to be human, stripping away society to reveal the basic elements, impulses and desires of humanity.’
    • ‘Often, persons with low frustration tolerance experience a strong impulse to escape from, or avoid frustrating situations.’
    • ‘Most of the stuff I post on the site is the result of acting quickly on random impulses, and this was a case in point.’
    • ‘Isn't the real problem indeed that such people lack the ability to control their irrational desires and impulses?’
    • ‘At the same time, parenting skills are supposed to have improved as adults became better at mastering their own impulses and at developing strong emotional ties.’
    • ‘You have forgotten all your nervousness and butterflies, and you are just acting on impulses.’
    • ‘I feel torn between two conflicting impulses - my desire to be taken seriously as an intellectual, and my desire to share with others the absurd things that delight me.’
    urge, instinct, drive, compulsion, need, itch
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    1. 1.1[mass noun]The tendency to act impulsively.
      ‘he was a man of impulse, not premeditation’
      spontaneity, impetuosity, wildness, recklessness, irresponsibility, rashness
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  • 2Something that causes something to happen or happen more quickly; an impetus.

    ‘an added impulse to this process of renewal’
    • ‘They're not complying with international law and at the very moment in which we are trying to give a new impulse to the peace process.’
    • ‘The individual provides the impulse which sets the process of litigation in motion, but the institution - the law - defines the terms.’
    • ‘It is no exaggeration to say that the territorial imperative has been the main impulse driving the aggressive behavior of nation-states.’
    • ‘Moreover, the main impulses for change are internal, rather than the significantly more unpredictable external challenges of governing.’
    • ‘Even so, in this process the educated must provide the initial impulse; they must make the masses conscious of themselves and of their destiny.’
    • ‘One of the main impulses for devolution in the 1980s and 1990s was the need to defend the social democratic settlement in Scotland and Wales from the neo-liberal attack.’
    • ‘Trade and distribution provided the central impulses for industrialization.’
    • ‘Indian thought transformed not only China and Southeast Asia, it may also have provided key impulses to Western thought.’
    • ‘Neither do you disown a book that provided ideas and impulses to a generation of political science professionals.’
    • ‘The authors would first like to thank Richard Swedberg, who provided the impulse to the present work, and continued to be a great source of inspiration on Schumpeter.’
    inspiration, stimulation, stimulus, incitement, motivation, encouragement, fillip, spur, prod, catalyst
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  • 3A pulse of electrical energy; a brief current.

    ‘nerve impulses’
    ‘electrical impulses’
    • ‘Nerve impulses are transmitted at synapses by the release of chemicals called neurotransmitters.’
    • ‘Removing the cat's cortex guaranteed that there would be no neural impulses from its higher brain.’
    • ‘The microphone transmits sound to the implant, which converts it to electrical impulses that travel the thin wires and stimulate the auditory nerve.’
    • ‘Like most alkaloids, nicotine exerts its effects at receptors for chemicals that transmit nerve impulses.’
    • ‘Unlike its electrical predecessor, an optical switch does not convert the signal to an electrical impulse before directing it.’
    • ‘Neurotransmitters are the chemicals used by the nervous system to transmit nerve impulses to and from the brain.’
    • ‘The modules will be linked to existing retinal nerves that will send electrical impulses to the brain for processing.’
    • ‘The shapes of the waves show how well the heart's electrical impulses are working, the size of the heart, and how well the individual components of the heart are working together.’
    • ‘Signals are transmitted around the nervous system, along the fibres of nerve cells, in the form of electrical impulses called action potentials.’
    • ‘Using this device he was able to show that the currents traveling through nerves and muscles were in the form of small, brief electrical impulses that we now call action potentials.’
    • ‘These electrical signals send electrical impulses across the skin to an implanted receiver/stimulator in the shoulder to the electrode leads in the arm and hand.’
    • ‘The inner ear then contains hair cells that respond to the fluid movement and then generate an electrical impulse that goes to the brain.’
    • ‘Nerve impulses created by this process travel to the brain via the optic nerve.’
    • ‘The stimulator provides impulses along the dorsal column spinal cord which in turn sets up paraesthesia from nerve pathways.’
    • ‘Implanted osteogenic stimulators deliver electrical impulses directly to the site where bone regrowth needs to occur.’
    • ‘A neuron generates an electrical impulse, causing the cell to release its neurotransmitters.’
    • ‘The nature of nerve impulses, however, differs entirely from electromagnetic waves and sound waves.’
    • ‘The modules will be linked to retinal nerves that will then send electrical impulses to the brain for processing.’
    • ‘Serotonin is a neuro-transmitter - a chemical messenger - that helps transmit electrical impulses from one nerve ending to another.’
    • ‘The alpha and beta pathways typically allow for directed impulse conduction through the AV node.’
    pulse, current, wave
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  • 4Physics
    A force acting briefly on a body and producing a finite change of momentum.

    ‘ability to communicate motion by impulse’
    • ‘This hypothesis has been around for decades and the study of it has failed to generate enough positive data to lead us to believe that sound waves instead of ion flux is how impulses are generated.’
    • ‘This will open the door for the realization that man exists within a huge field of gravitational and magnetic impulses.’
    • ‘I felt an impulse on the racket as a force reflected off the strings.’
    • ‘The process of minimizing an impact force can be approached from the definition of the impulse of force.’
    • ‘Tesla recreated the Hertz experiment and quickly realised that an oscillator that he developed transmitted wireless impulses much more efficiently.’
    1. 4.1A change of momentum produced by an impulse, equivalent to the average value of the force multiplied by the time during which it acts.
      • ‘The average force and impulse of impact was found to be 1025 N and 11.0 N / s, respectively.’
      • ‘The statistically nonzero impulses and the response multipliers are in Table 3.’
      • ‘Specific impulse equals thrust multiplied by the time over which the thrust acts.’
      • ‘The impulse had a value of 1, and the highest peak in the response is less than 0.25, falling rapidly to tiny values.’
      • ‘Ion engines can attain specific impulses of tens of thousands of seconds.’


  • on impulse (or on an impulse)

    • Suddenly and without forethought; impulsively.

      ‘on an impulse he returned to the bar’
      ‘she acted purely on impulse’
      • ‘He very rarely acts on impulse, but ever since Evelyn died, his emotions have been askew.’
      • ‘I stared at him for a moment, and then, acting completely on impulse, I pulled his head down and kissed him.’
      • ‘It's imperative that you don't act on impulse during this period, and that you think through the consequences of your actions.’
      • ‘He had health worries and was short of money but had acted on impulse to provide the children with something he had promised them.’
      • ‘Maybe I should try acting on impulse, instead of thinking so much.’
      • ‘Before you are allowed to place a bet there is a message asking you to confirm your bet so you are less likely to act on impulse.’
      • ‘I wonder if he really did act on an impulse, or if there's more to it?’
      • ‘Purely on impulse I leaned forward, my eyes closing of their own accord as Winter tilted her head up just a fraction.’
      • ‘On impulse, I quickly leaned over and kissed him before getting out of the vehicle.’
      • ‘Mary Queen of Scots was recorded as very tall and beautiful but with a fiery temperament that often caused her to act on impulse and brought forth criticisms of tactlessness.’
      impulsively, spontaneously, on the spur of the moment, without forethought, without planning, without thinking twice, without premeditation, unpremeditatedly
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Early 17th century (as a verb in the sense ‘give an impulse to’): the verb from Latin impuls- driven on, the noun from impulsus impulsion, both from the verb impellere (see impel).