Definition of improvise in English:

improvise

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Create and perform (music, drama, or verse) spontaneously or without preparation.

    ‘he invited actors to improvise dialogue’
    no object ‘he was improvising to a backing of guitar chords’
    • ‘At many of these events, advanced students spontaneously improvise solos or duets based on a theme given by audience members.’
    • ‘The dialogue was improvised entirely by the actors, and the cinematography is entirely static.’
    • ‘We continued to let the music swell and move, and began to improvise, creating our own music.’
    • ‘Was there a script, or was the plot mostly improvised during shooting?’
    • ‘Poulenc composed essentially by improvising at the piano.’
    • ‘A very rough treatment was written, but most of the film was improvised on the spot.’
    • ‘Working with these gags in mind, the performers still retain the freedom to completely improvise the dialogue.’
    • ‘He was encouraged to improvise around a script.’
    • ‘How much of the plot and the scenes were improvised by the ensemble?’
    • ‘The studios have pianists and sometimes drummers or other musicians who improvise as the dancers dance.’
    • ‘The dialogue was mostly improvised yet feels natural and unforced.’
    • ‘Cassavetes also sometimes includes partially improvised scenes in the finished film.’
    • ‘What are the pros and cons of having the cast improvising around the scripts?’
    • ‘He improvised the music from the feelings he had and then he reintroduced the text.’
    • ‘The teacher improvises at the piano during the games, but suggestions are given for compositions that could be played.’
    • ‘Seemingly improvised banter is shared across a table as Jarmusch urges us to sit back and watch the magic unfold.’
    • ‘Oh well, perhaps some ballets possibly do look as though the dancers were gallantly improvising.’
    • ‘In freely improvised music, its roots are in occasion rather than place.’
    • ‘Sometimes improvised music seems like a selfish display of skills.’
    • ‘Clark says audiences are more open to improvised music than people think.’
    extemporize, ad lib, speak impromptu, make it up as one goes along, think on one's feet, take it as it comes
    impromptu, improvisational, improvisatory, unrehearsed, unprepared, unscripted, extempore, extemporized, spontaneous, unstudied, unpremeditated, unarranged, unplanned, on the spot, ad lib
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Produce or make (something) from whatever is available.
      ‘I improvised a costume for myself out of an old blue dress’
      • ‘So Bob improvised his meals based off whatever he could find being cooked on the line, or stored in the icebox.’
      • ‘If the ground is frozen solid, you improvise ways to drive a tent stake deep enough…’
      • ‘They're living without power so they're lighting candles at night, they're smoking, some are improvising their cooking.’
      • ‘In Kindamba he improvised a splint from palm branches and asked a carpenter to make another, around which tarpaulin would be wrapped.’
      • ‘Overtaken by the darkness, he had thrown his force into some of the houses and improvised a sort of fort.’
      • ‘There will surely be more of these improvised intra-European coalitions of the willing.’
      • ‘Stopped by a police officer, Page had to improvise an accent.’
      • ‘Their son, who is five, is able to improvise a whole range of superheroes from whatever is lying around the house.’
      • ‘People improvised large-scale meals out of food that might otherwise have spoiled and fed entire streets.’
      • ‘At other locations protesters were seen digging up cobbles to throw at police and several tried to pull down fences to make improvised weapons.’
      • ‘A tiny girl outdid them all by improvising a skirt from her brawny boyfriend's wind-cheater, with the collar zipped smugly round her waist and the sleeves turned inwards, the cuffs dangling well below the hemline!’
      • ‘And thus ends my hastily improvised day, which I couldn't have planned any better.’
      • ‘So many American troops and others have been killed by those improvised explosive devices.’
      • ‘The insurgents who were there have vanished, leaving improvised explosive devices buried everywhere.’
      • ‘The neighborhood carpenter would improvise a coffin with wood that sometimes came off of somebody's wall or chicken coup.’
      • ‘On the streets youngsters improvise toys, carving tin cars from US AID containers, or play skittles with empty shells cases.’
      • ‘This was somewhat unexpected so I improvised a torch from my shirt and a tree branch.’
      • ‘Jack knows how to improvise solutions from the materials at hand, although he's a better engineer than he is a social psychologist.’
      • ‘To go with it, I decided to use up a couple of nectarines that were laying around, and I improvised a little tart.’
      • ‘In most cases, soldiers improvised solutions to keep the offensive rolling.’
      contrive, devise, throw together, cobble together, concoct, rig, jury-rig, put together
      makeshift, thrown together, cobbled together, devised, rigged, jury-rigged, rough and ready, make-do, emergency, stopgap, temporary, short-term, pro tem
      View synonyms

Origin

Early 19th century (earlier ( late 18th century) as improvisation): from French improviser or its source, Italian improvvisare, from improvviso ‘extempore’, from Latin improvisus ‘unforeseen’, based on provisus, past participle of providere ‘make preparation for’.

Pronunciation

improvise

/ˈɪmprəvʌɪz/