Definition of icon in English:

icon

noun

  • 1A devotional painting of Christ or another holy figure, typically executed on wood and used ceremonially in the Byzantine and other Eastern Churches.

    • ‘Many of her paintings are like expressionistic Byzantine icons.’
    • ‘The iconoclasts wanted to rid the church of images, icons, even paintings.’
    • ‘Would an Eastern Orthodox priest bless an exhibition of, say, Byzantine icons at a Western museum?’
    • ‘The skills of many fine Bulgarian artisans can be seen in icons (religious paintings) and other church art.’
    • ‘Artworks range from a Russian icon to creations of Cellini, Rembrandt, and Picasso.’
    image, idol, portrait, likeness, representation, symbol, figure, statue, model
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  • 2A person or thing regarded as a representative symbol or as worthy of veneration:

    ‘this iron-jawed icon of American manhood’
    • ‘Third-world heroes have a tendency to be made into icons, symbols, and mere clichés.’
    • ‘An object of derision though she may be to some, to others the celebrity fashion icon is a godsend, for rarely does she also possess a model figure.’
    • ‘Sporting icons are celebrities - they are paid extremely well for their achievements and some might suggest they have too much time on their hands.’
    • ‘In Ulster Kerry footballers were icons, heroes.’
    • ‘Film icons, celebrities, and even pop stars would not be their usual selves without their trademark accessories - these are not just trendy but help make a personality.’
    • ‘A British icon, a symbol of all that is decent and proper in this country, has been tarnished by wild allegations and screaming headlines.’
    • ‘We would urge celebrities and icons not to support energy dense foods and to make sure it is a genuinely healthy product they promote.’
    • ‘And in 1999, ‘Time’ magazine selected him as one of its 100 icons and heroes of the century.’
    • ‘And in the 20th century, style icons from burlesque superstar Gypsy Rose Lee to Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis wore Tiffany jewellery.’
    • ‘From time immemorial, or at least since the '50s, teens have been assembling scrapbooks and collections to celebrate their pop icons.’
    • ‘Politicians eagerly seek association with film icons; often stars shift seamlessly into politics, as done most famously by MG Ramachandran in Tamil Nadu.’
    • ‘Natalie Maines is another story: the Dixie Chicks are pop-country icons already and multi-platinum superstars.’
    • ‘There's also a surprise screening: It's big, it's something you are all dying to see, it stars action heroes and cult icons and it would be wrong to miss it.’
    • ‘America quickly embraced Pluto and Tombaugh as icons worthy of scientific superstardom, and the rest of the world quickly followed suit.’
    • ‘The media has been promoting the idea, recently, that supermodels are being replaced by actors as celebrities and modern-day icons.’
    • ‘The car is a two-faced modern symbol: a shiny icon of our freedom and our entrapment.’
    • ‘Movie stars, fashionistas, pop, rock and soul icons and celebs without brains will battle for front seats.’
    • ‘This means a number of music stars are appearing as icons of the past: Usher as Marvin Gaye, Third Eye Blind as the Kinks and Richie Sambora as Eric Clapton, to name only a handful.’
    • ‘The special features include interviews with national and international fashion icons and creative personalities.’
    • ‘Not every culture can survive monsoons, British rule, and constant co-opting by fashion-obsessed pop icons.’
    celebrity, star, superstar, famous person, great, genius, phenomenon, luminary, giant, big name
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  • 3Computing
    A symbol or graphic representation on a screen of a program, option, or window.

    • ‘The left side of the program window contains icons for each module and you can access any part of the software at any time without having to back out of anything first.’
    • ‘Scrolling web-pages, opening icons, moving windows; these are all things which are controlled far more intuitively by your fingers than an input device.’
    • ‘Just being able to choose a screen saver, organize icons, browse application menus and move files doesn't mean you are a productive member of society.’
    • ‘It also said that although the sales will come from services such as mobile phone graphics, icons, screen savers and novelty voice mail, it is ringtones that will dominate.’
    • ‘To the left of this central section is the Quick Launch toolbar which has miniature icons of many programs that you can launch with just one click from the toolbar.’
  • 4Linguistics
    A sign which has a characteristic in common with the thing it signifies, for example the word snarl pronounced in a snarling way.

    • ‘An iconic sign/icon (from Greek eikon ‘replica’) provides a visual, auditory or any other perceptual image of the thing it stands for.’
    • ‘Peirce distinguishes three types of sign - the icon, the index and the symbol.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘simile’): via Latin from Greek eikōn likeness, image. Current senses date from the mid 19th century onwards.

Pronunciation

icon

/ˈʌɪkɒn//ˈʌɪk(ə)n/