Definition of hypothalamus in English:



  • A region of the forebrain below the thalamus which coordinates both the autonomic nervous system and the activity of the pituitary, controlling body temperature, thirst, hunger, and other homeostatic systems, and involved in sleep and emotional activity.

    • ‘The brain also links with endocrine gland chemical messengers through the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.’
    • ‘One theory is that light stimulates a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, which controls mood, appetite, and sleep.’
    • ‘The central structure of the brain contains the thalamus, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland.’
    • ‘These regions are centred in the cerebellum, hippocampus, hypothalamus and basal ganglia.’
    • ‘Normally the hypothalamus coordinates the activity of the pituitary gland through the secretion of peptides and amines.’