Definition of hypertrophy in English:

hypertrophy

noun

mass nounPhysiology
  • The enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in size of its cells.

    ‘the hypertrophy of the muscle fibres’
    • ‘Cardiac hypertrophy - the enlargement of the heart muscle cells - can be fatal.’
    • ‘Many risk factors for coronary artery disease also are predictors of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and diabetes mellitus.’
    • ‘There may be evidence of cardiac ischemia, ventricular hypertrophy, or pericardial disease.’
    • ‘It leads to left ventricular hypertrophy and increased connective tissue content, both of which decrease cardiac compliance.’
    • ‘The antioxidative properties of statins also prevent the development of cardiac and smooth muscle cell hypertrophy.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from hyper- ‘beyond, exceeding’ + Greek -trophia ‘nourishment’.

Pronunciation

hypertrophy

/hʌɪˈpəːtrəfi/