Definition of hydrolysis in English:

hydrolysis

noun

Chemistry
  • [mass noun] The chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water.

    • ‘Another preparation method involves acid hydrolysis of methyl formate.’
    • ‘When hydrolysis occurs, we will write a chemical equation to describe it, and new species will be formed in solution.’
    • ‘On ageing, textiles are usually damaged by oxidation or acid-catalysed hydrolysis.’
    • ‘Again, they used partial acid hydrolysis of the whole chain and then protease digestion to give larger blocks.’
    • ‘Digestion breaks down chemical bonds in a process called enzymatic hydrolysis.’

Pronunciation:

hydrolysis

/hʌɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs/