Definition of hydrolyse in English:


(US hydrolyze)


[WITH OBJECT]Chemistry
  • 1Break down (a compound) by chemical reaction with water.

    ‘bile acids were hydrolysed under alkaline conditions’
    ‘hydrolysed vegetable protein’
    • ‘Water will rapidly hydrolyze them, as well as supporting bacterial attack.’
    • ‘This enzyme hydrolyzes fatty acids from carbon atoms 1 or 3 of triacylglycerols.’
    • ‘The water fractions (containing soluble phenolics) were hydrolyzed under alkaline conditions.’
    • ‘Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.’
    • ‘This compound is hydrolyzed to nitrate and carbonate and the net effect of this reaction is prevention of nitration and oxidative damage.’
    1. 1.1no object Undergo hydrolysis.
      ‘CMA can easily hydrolyse into free acetic acid’
      • ‘In these particular environments, the iron hydrolyzes essentially, as hydroxyls begin to agglomerate around the iron and settle down to the bottom of this lake material.’
      • ‘Metal oxides are not the only substances that hydrolyze to produce hydroxide ions and basic solutions.’
      • ‘In response to the widespread use of lactam containing antibiotics, bacteria have acquired the ability to produce lactamases, which are enzymes that hydrolyze and inactivate lactam containing antibiotics.’
      • ‘Only with time does it hydrolyze inside the epithelial cells of your lung tissue, causing increasing and irreversible damage.’
      • ‘When in contact with aqueous media, the methoxymethyl group slowly hydrolyses, freeing the diazeniumdiolate ion so that it can rapidly dissociate its two NO molecules.’