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[usually with modifier] An enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of a particular substrate.
- ‘Biopterin is a vital cofactor in tryptophan hydrolase's conversion of tryptophan to serotonin.’
- ‘More recent work suggests that the cell wall hydrolase, pectin methyl esterase, plays a role in weakening of the megagametophyte, allowing radicle emergence and the completion of germination.’
- ‘Thus, although not a nudix hydrolase, this enzyme seems to fulfil the housecleaning role proposed for nudix hydrolases.’
- ‘Microsomal epoxide hydrolase detoxifies reactive oxygen species generated by endotoxin exposure, and polymorphisms of the miH gene are associated with altered enzyme activity.’
- ‘This enzyme, a lysosomal hydrolase, is involved in the catabolism of neutral glycosphingolipids.’
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The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.