Definition of hydrocarbon in English:

hydrocarbon

noun

Chemistry
  • A compound of hydrogen and carbon, such as any of those which are the chief components of petroleum and natural gas.

    ‘the rain is rich in benzene and hydrocarbons’
    as modifier ‘a 70 per cent cut in hydrocarbon emissions’
    mass noun ‘the North Sea is a source of hydrocarbon’
    • ‘Nitrogen oxides can react with hydrocarbons to yield nitric acid, a primary ingredient in acid rain.’
    • ‘Derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, aromatic hydrocarbons tend to be reactive.’
    • ‘The squad checks the autorickshaw for carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions.’
    • ‘This catalyst is responsible for converting carbon monoxide and the other hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide.’
    • ‘Biodiesel reduces emissions such as carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons and particulate matter.’

Pronunciation

hydrocarbon

/ˌhʌɪdrə(ʊ)ˈkɑːb(ə)n/