Definition of hydrocarbon in English:

hydrocarbon

noun

Chemistry
  • A compound of hydrogen and carbon, such as any of those which are the chief components of petroleum and natural gas:

    ‘the rain is rich in benzene and hydrocarbons’
    [as modifier] ‘a 70 per cent cut in hydrocarbon emissions’
    [mass noun] ‘the North Sea is a source of hydrocarbon’
    • ‘This catalyst is responsible for converting carbon monoxide and the other hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide.’
    • ‘Derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, aromatic hydrocarbons tend to be reactive.’
    • ‘Nitrogen oxides can react with hydrocarbons to yield nitric acid, a primary ingredient in acid rain.’
    • ‘Biodiesel reduces emissions such as carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons and particulate matter.’
    • ‘The squad checks the autorickshaw for carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions.’

Pronunciation:

hydrocarbon

/ˌhʌɪdrə(ʊ)ˈkɑːb(ə)n/