Definition of hump in English:

hump

noun

  • 1A rounded raised mass of earth or land.

    ‘they sat on a hump of cropped grass’
    • ‘The Similans are granite humps which rise from the clear, tropical sea.’
    • ‘But Mr Oswald said the breathtaking array of ditches, humps and bank was much more extensive than anyone had thought.’
    • ‘After an overnight stay in the hut we made an early start by following a wildlife trail up a rocky hump on the east bank of the stream to the east of the hut.’
    • ‘There must be something worth looking at in this huge expanse of dry puna that stretched away from us to some distant humps.’
    • ‘There are certainly plenty of humps and dips, including deep valleys that correspond to several mass extinctions.’
    • ‘From here there's a breathtaking view of the whale-like humps of the hills beyond Troutbeck, on the other side of the lake.’
    • ‘If one were to travel past the countless monolithic factories and coal pits of the world's main continent, and onto where the equator was once, one would find a small hump of earth.’
    • ‘The smooth humps of downland suited his purpose.’
    • ‘Field surveys were conducted to measure the heights and widths of humps.’
    • ‘Gravel pathways winding over humps in the landscape, idyllic wooden bridges crossing twinkling streams here and there, all clothed in colourful vegetation.’
    • ‘There are multiple humps to get over, corners to putt round, small pipes to putt through and an impossible basket to putt into.’
    • ‘The contouring of the fairways and greens is strong and the dramatic humps and hollows combined with the strategic design of the layout will present playing characteristics in a traditional links style.’
    • ‘Almost immediately, a sonar scan of the sea bed revealed a line of unnatural-looking humps, only 100 ft out from the shore - an obvious invitation to the divers.’
    • ‘Thanks to a dry course, the ball landed on the downhill side of a grass hump and rolled 30 yards straight onto the green and into the cup.’
    1. 1.1 A mound over which railway vehicles are pushed so as to run by gravity over points to the required place in a marshalling yard.
      • ‘Older hump yards utilized large numbers of ‘riders’, yardmen who rode cars to apply hand brakes as they went down the hump.’
      • ‘Lastly, to accommodate the increasing postwar coal business, 26 more tracks were added to the classification yard west of the hump in 1949.’
      • ‘A single-track hump can handle about 800 cars per shift.’
      • ‘Scheme 4 created a hump yard on the West Toronto side with the hump crest at Runnymede Road just as was the existing hump.’
      • ‘Six more tracks were also added to the classification yard, west of the hump.’
  • 2A rounded protuberance found on the back of a camel or other animal or as an abnormality on the back of a person.

    ‘his back rose into a kind of hump at the base of the spine’
    • ‘Before beginning to walk, a baby with achondroplasia often develops a small hump on his upper back.’
    • ‘One of this animal's distinguishing features is the saddle-like hump on its back.’
    • ‘During such times they live mainly off the fat stored in their humps.’
    • ‘The people of Arabia used to cut off the humps of camels or the fat part of the sheep while still alive.’
    • ‘There is often a prominent hump in front of the dorsal fin.’
    • ‘In Indian waters the marine mammals display spotted skin and grow smaller humps.’
    • ‘The older members of the herd have full sets of antlers and prominent wooly humps, but they only walk.’
    • ‘Aging camels may be slaughtered for their meat, especially when guests are expected for a celebration, and the fatty camel's hump is considered a delicacy.’
    • ‘The other is a deformed little man with a big hump on his back and oily black hair.’
    • ‘They have a slender body with a low dorsal hump and no dorsal fin.’
    • ‘These adverse events include acne, easy bruising, moon face, swollen ankles, hirsutism, buffalo hump, and skin striae.’
    • ‘He snorted indignantly, and walked away across the tram rails, his hump quivering with rage.’
    • ‘Now, instead of the point, there are two round humps separated by a trough, like a camel's hump.’
    • ‘Instead of a dorsal fin they have a prominent dorsal hump about two-thirds of the way down their back.’
    • ‘An Asian camel with two humps can go only for a few days and would not last in Sinai conditions.’
    • ‘Compared to the domestic Bactrian camel, the wild Bactrian is greyer, slimmer, and has smaller sized humps spaced more widely apart.’
    • ‘His body was hunched over painfully, creating a hump at the back of his neck.’
    • ‘The wild Bactrian camel has longer legs, lighter fur, and smaller humps than domesticated camels have.’
    • ‘Appropriately named, the humpback chub has a small head and snout, a streamlined gray body streaked with silver, and a prominent hump along its back.’
    • ‘He provides a sketch of a creature with the head of an elephant, a fishlike body with a camel hump, four legs like a lion, and a forked tail like a fish.’
    protuberance, lump, bump, knob, protrusion, prominence, projection, bulge, swelling, hunch, nodule, node, mass, growth, outgrowth, excrescence
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verb

  • 1British informal with object and adverbial of direction Carry (a heavy object) with difficulty.

    ‘he continued to hump cases up and down the hotel corridor’
    • ‘You are going to hump it around airport terminals, on and off trains and buses.’
    • ‘Personally it worked OK for me but I am reasonably fit and can hump my luggage about without too much trouble.’
    • ‘Heritage volunteers - many of them no longer in the prime of youth - literally humped everything up two flights of stairs in a bucket chain.’
    • ‘I saw one group of traders run off like a startled herd, humping their bags of bags, while three police, like a pack of hunting dogs, scragged the least nimble.’
    • ‘I take my bag and hump it out of the front of the station where the smart double-decker coach is awaiting us.’
    • ‘At least I no longer have to hump the zinc bath in from the backyard.’
    • ‘It's very nice not to have to meet train or bus time tables, to hump baggage, nor to contend with taxi drivers taking you on a tour when your destination is just around the corner.’
    • ‘Huge tunas were humped off to local restaurants.’
    • ‘Don't be alarmed by the fat content of such food - you'll need plenty of fat, protein and carbohydrate fuel to hump your enormous pack up Mount Fuji.’
    • ‘We have set up tours, got work permits, worked out hotels and humped equipment for our artists.’
    • ‘Everything had to be humped up and down countless stairs to get into the room - tables, chairs, the dozen or more boxes of crockery, all the catering equipment, and the well-stocked bar too.’
    • ‘And the vandal humping various bags of concrete and heavy tools around in the middle of the night may also have been deterred by the sight of a uniform or two.’
    • ‘I don't drive, so the only way to get two big bags of compost and some plants home is to borrow a trolley and hump it up the hill!’
    • ‘Removals took one full day moving to and fro between the two houses with my two sons helping to hump the heavy stuff into and out of the van.’
    • ‘And of course we never thought that some day we might have to hump the eighteen stone up Kilimanjaro.’
    • ‘You really can't hump 50 lb rucksacks with a back problem, can you?’
    • ‘Rather than just shuffle the new bottles in and let me hump them into the house, she asked me where I wanted them.’
    carry, lug, heave, lift, shoulder, hoist, heft, tote
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  • 2with object Make hump-shaped.

    ‘he turned and humped his body to avoid a rope’
    • ‘Without further pause and again in silence, I hump my body up over the rock.’
    arch, curve, hunch, bend, bow, curl, crook
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  • 3vulgar slang with object Have sexual intercourse with.

  • 4usually in imperative hump offIrish informal Go away.

    • ‘Does he ever feel like telling people to just hump off?’

Phrases

  • get (or have or give someone) the hump

    • informal Become, be, or make someone annoyed or moody.

      ‘fans get the hump when they lose’
      • ‘He said he did not mind her going up to see her parents and her children for days at a time, but she would get the hump when he stayed out down here for ‘more than two nights in succession.’’
      • ‘Dozens of recently installed speed bumps in a Yorkshire suburb have been ripped out and replaced after council officials got the hump over their height.’
      • ‘To be honest, there was a time when I really got the hump with Spain.’
      • ‘Everything was fine as long as you never got the hump.’
      • ‘It seems whoever got the hump and complained believed the ad implied that the driver of the car had been texting while driving, and that this encouraged people to do likewise.’
      • ‘I got the hump so I sabotaged the tyres of the head's car by putting tin tacks in to puncture them.’
      • ‘Debate has been raging about road safety, with people across London getting the hump.’
      • ‘He or she got the hump because the ad didn't make it clear that the deal included an ‘additional, compulsory delivery charge’ of £39.99.’
      • ‘I wish humans were more like that - my wife gets the hump and she won't talk to me for a week.’
      • ‘It is quite nice that people are getting the hump enough to write about it.’
      take offence, be offended, take exception, bridle, take something personally, be aggrieved, be affronted, take something amiss, be upset, be annoyed, be angry, be indignant, get one's hackles up, be put out, be insulted, be hurt, be wounded, be piqued, be resentful, be disgruntled, get into a huff, go into a huff, get huffy
      irritate, vex, make angry, make cross, anger, exasperate, irk, gall, pique, put out, displease, get someone's back up, put someone's back up, antagonize, get on someone's nerves, rub up the wrong way, ruffle, ruffle someone's feathers, make someone's hackles rise, raise someone's hackles
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  • over the hump

    • Past the most difficult part of something.

      ‘now we have reached this point we are over the hump’
      • ‘Local retailers will be looking to residents to help them over the hump so that everyone can be part of the bright new future this regeneration will bring.’
      • ‘Then, in an instant, we are over the hump, the gray skies part, and we descend toward the lowlands.’
      • ‘But when I'm over the hump, rest assured I will get back to you, even if you've totally forgotten that you emailed me.’
      • ‘That's what got us over the hump and gave us the advantage in the first half.’
      • ‘Something like this could really get us over the hump.’
      • ‘If we all kick in a few bucks we can help them get over the hump.’
      • ‘‘They look like they're over the hump now,’ he says.’
      • ‘Change is usually a big part of a team getting over the hump.’
      • ‘If we lose our energy, we don't have one player who can get us over the hump or even to the free throw line late in the game.’
      • ‘But, you know, Christmas and the New Year aren't too far away and soon we'll all be over the hump.’
      over the worst part, over the worst of it, out of the woods, on the road to recovery, on the up and up, on the way up, getting better, making progress, in the clear
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Origin

Early 18th century: probably related to Low German humpe ‘hump’, also to Dutch homp, Low German humpe ‘lump, hunk (of bread)’.

Pronunciation

hump

/hʌmp/