Main definitions of hull in English

: hull1hull2

hull1

noun

  • The main body of a ship or other vessel, including the bottom, sides, and deck but not the masts, superstructure, rigging, engines, and other fittings.

    • ‘One of these was an American coast guard vessel, a huge white sailing ship with modern metal hull, coast guard swaths of red on her sides.’
    • ‘The frigates have a double-skinned hull divided by ten bulkheads into watertight compartments.’
    • ‘The design and engineering of the hulls, decks, interior furnishing and machinery are carefully evaluated to ensure overall quality.’
    • ‘The main hulls and bridge deck are of steel construction.’
    • ‘During that war gunners would skip cannon balls off the water in an attempt to breach the hull of an enemy ship close to the waterline.’
    • ‘When crossing the Atlantic, he charted the location of the Gulf Stream and designed new hulls, riggings, propellers, and pumps for sailing vessels.’
    • ‘Most noticeable are the changes in the shape of the hull, upper deck and radar masts which will all help to prevent the vessels being picked up by radar.’
    • ‘On the main deck, the hull is arranged with forepeak, hydraulic pump room, accommodation section and fish handling area.’
    • ‘Under the stern, the rudders and propellers keep the hull clear of the bottom.’
    • ‘Then a thick, terrific blast pierced through the shield and glanced off the ship, blistering the hull and raking a starboard section open.’
    • ‘Restoration of the paddle steamer will involve stripping the entire front third of the vessel before repairing the hull and refurbishing the engines.’
    • ‘Right at the front of the bow one can look back along both the upper port and lower starboard sides of the hull.’
    • ‘The hull sides and decks utilize a balsa wood core between fiberglass laminates for weight reduction and stiffness.’
    • ‘The after sections are nearly flat with a radius of about 18 inches where the hull sides and bottom meet.’
    • ‘A fouled hull can reduce a ship's speed by 5 percent and increase fuel consumption by 40 percent.’
    • ‘The small, dark squares visible along the hull beneath the main deck represent windows that illuminated interior spaces.’
    • ‘The main hull of the medieval ship at Newport in South Wales was raised last autumn, leaving whatever survives of the missing bow and stern to be recovered at a later stage of construction.’
    • ‘The main structural bulkhead supports the hull sides at the chain plates and the cabin top at the mast step is drastically cut away so the interior is more open.’
    • ‘Turning forward along the starboard side, the hull soon comes to a clean break across a bulkhead.’
    • ‘Plating from the sides of the hull and deck has rotted away to leave a skeleton of ribs.’
    framework, body, frame, skeleton, shell, structure, basic structure
    exterior
    View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Hit and pierce the hull of (a ship) with a missile.

    ‘the ship was being hulled and all would die’
    • ‘We believed it has been hulled, it has a hole the size of a fist and some cracking in the hull of the ship.’
    • ‘Our ship of state's hulled, our economy's sinking.’
    • ‘The ventral shields of the Omega saved him from hulling the fighter on the unforgiving rock.’

Origin

Middle English: perhaps the same word as hull, or related to hold.

Pronunciation:

hull

/hʌl/

Main definitions of hull in English

: hull1hull2

hull2

noun

  • 1The outer covering of a fruit or seed, especially the pod of peas and beans, or the husk of grain.

    • ‘Four grams of embryos (achenes without hull and seed coat) were homogenized and oil was extracted in boiling petroleum ether.’
    • ‘Total RNA was extracted from leaves, tillers, young panicles, leaf sheaths, hulls, and anthers of rice using the hot phenol method as previously described.’
    • ‘The machine grinds off the coffee beans' outer hull, and separates the miel into a giant basin.’
    • ‘Sunflower seed hulls, roasted and ground, were used by Native Americans and pioneers as a coffee substitute.’
    • ‘Dietary fiber is the complex carbohydrate found in grain, hulls, and plant forage material and is not efficiently digested by swine.’
    • ‘She carried this one even further and tried, where possible, to use agro-based materials made from crop residues such as wheat straws and sunflower seed hulls.’
    • ‘Fill with hulled sunflowers seeds to avoid the mess of seed hulls.’
    • ‘Apply a 2-to 3-inch layer of mulch, such as pine needles, shredded bark, or seed hulls, after the plants resume active growth.’
    • ‘The fibrous seed coat or hull of most commercial barley varieties is cemented to the caryopsis and is not removed during threshing.’
    • ‘Lay a tarp under the feeder to catch seed hulls and dropped seed.’
    • ‘The product used as filling for these pillows of buckwheat is actually the hulls or husks that protect the kernels.’
    • ‘Then we searched the enclosure with a Geiger counter to locate scatter-hoarded seeds and hulls of eaten seeds.’
    • ‘An abundant 24 kDa protein has been purified and identified from soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr) seed hulls.’
    • ‘Another source shows that both the outer hulls and inner skins are tinged various shades of pink and purple.’
    • ‘Early tests show these pellets to be more digestible than those already made from cotton seed hulls.’
    • ‘Without the gravity well for acceleration, the damage would be absorbed by the outer hulls.’
    • ‘Dry soybeans are prone to have cracked seed hulls, which reduces germination.’
    • ‘It also has a sharp edge so the user may cut the grain hulls from the cob.’
    • ‘He created a re-circulating system to clean the grain and sold the hulls as bedding and a low-potassium roughage source.’
    • ‘The conclusions of Moore and Hatfield are based on data from forages rather than from grain hulls.’
    shell, husk, pod, case, casing, covering, seed case
    rind, skin, peel
    shuck
    pericarp, capsule, legume
    integument
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The green calyx of a strawberry or raspberry.
      • ‘But for some reason, organic strawberries seem to have stronger hulls than regular pesticide-covered ones, and now my only question is: whither a strawberry huller?’
      • ‘Rinse the berries and tip them into a dish, removing the strawberry hulls and currant stalks as you go.’
      • ‘Wash the strawberries remove the stalks and hull, then cut them into pieces and place in bowls.’
      • ‘Wash the strawberries, pat them dry and remove their hulls.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Remove the hulls from (fruit, seeds, or grain)

    ‘a cup of hulled strawberries’
    • ‘Keep any washing to just a quick rinse, as strawberries don't like water - and always before hulling, not after.’
    • ‘They are hulled, shelled, graded and inspected.’
    • ‘He had to hull the rice since there would be no way to hide the fact if he merely loafed around.’
    • ‘Finally, the rice is dry-roasted, cleaned, hulled, and sorted according to its intended use, in rice blends or even products like wild rice tortilla chips.’
    • ‘For comparison purposes, diets based primarily on corn, hulled barley, and wheat were also assessed.’
    • ‘Each family compound contained a large wooden mortar and pestle used to process corn into meal or grits after it had been hulled by cooking with lye or mixing with ashes.’
    • ‘The end of a vegetable peeler, a sharp knife or the tip of a spoon do a great job of hulling the berries.’
    • ‘Head of catering Jane Theyers said the event needed at least 56 people to cover the two days in jobs ranging from serving and washing up to hulling the strawberries.’
    • ‘They may be white, yellow, brown, or black, according to variety, with a white inside which is revealed when they are hulled.’
    • ‘Which is why, in an effort to catch up with the New Domesticity or at least try it on for size, I'm hulling strawberries in a demonstration kitchen on Oxford Street.’
    • ‘They have more starch and protein but less fiber than hulled varieties.’
    • ‘Clean and hull strawberries; place in food processor or blender just until puréed.’
    • ‘His will be Queensland's southernmost coffee crop, and already he has the coffee houses calling to ask when the first boutique beans will be hulled and ready.’
    • ‘After the seeds are dried and hulled, they become green coffee beans.’
    • ‘Callao barley was released by the Virginia Crop Improvement Association in 1994 as a high-yielding, high-test weight hulled barley for eastern seaboard growing conditions.’
    • ‘Mill managements claim the wage cut is necessary because of low prices offered by the Food Corporation of India for hulling the rice (removing the outer husk).’
    • ‘They know what they like and it's not cracked corn, nor is it wheat, milo, peanut hearts, hulled oats, or rice.’
    • ‘However, in our experiment, pigs fed the hulled barley, low-fat diet did not exhibit poorer growth performance than pigs fed other diets.’
    • ‘The microscopic injuries thwart development of surrounding tissue and appear as big brown spots after the seed matures and is marketed and hulled.’
    shell, husk, peel, pare, skin
    shuck
    decorticate
    View synonyms

Origin

Old English hulu, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch huls, German Hülse husk, pod, and German Hülle covering, also to heel.

Pronunciation:

hull

/hʌl/

Main definitions of hull in English

: hull1hull2

Hull

proper noun

  • A city and port in NE England, situated at the junction of the Hull and Humber Rivers; population 263,000 (est. 2009).

    Official name Kingston upon Hull

Pronunciation:

Hull

/hʌl/