Main definitions of hock in English

: hock1hock2hock3hock4

hock1

noun

  • 1The joint in a quadruped's hind leg between the knee and the fetlock, the angle of which points backwards.

    • ‘He bolted, trying to get away from the snake that was nipping at his hocks.’
    • ‘These diseases can affect the shoulder, elbow, knee, or hock joints in animals.’
    • ‘The cover wrapped around its entire body, only hocks showing.’
    • ‘It primarily occurs in the shoulder or elbow joints, but it can affect the hocks or stifles, too.’
    • ‘These are worn on the hocks and protect the horse from injuries.’
    • ‘The sun was slanting back into the west once more as they stood on a firm-packed beach, waves washing about the hocks of Brandark's horse and Bahzell's calves, and looked out across a hundred yards of sea at a small island.’
    • ‘Timboroa finally returned in the Turf Classic on September 29, but finished last of eight after injuring a ligament in a hock.’
    • ‘Time and again, I have horses presented for sore back problems but in fact it is their hocks that are aching.’
    • ‘Amazingly though, after recovering from a delicate operation to repair the tendon which slipped off one of his rear hocks, Teeton Mill is in line for a remarkable racing comeback at Ascot next Saturday.’
    • ‘He had exceptional conformation, very correct legs, hocks, and knees.’
    • ‘Marcia said, ‘It was winter, and he was in caked pasture mud up to his hocks and had long hair’, but she liked him.’
    • ‘The giant breeds - those that weigh 12 pounds or more - should be kept in cages with solid floors to prevent sore hocks.’
    • ‘The ten-year-old daughter of that horse crashed into a fence and developed an infection deep in her hock.’
    • ‘The six-year-old, below, has strained a hock and, while O'Brien says the injury is only slight, he adds that the gelding will probably be left for the rest of the season.’
    • ‘You put your thumb on its hock and bend its leg backward until it's hyper-extended, while you close your hand around its leg at the thigh.’
    • ‘My mare rolled over and over in the wet grass and was playful with the gelding, nipping at his hocks and tempting him to chase her.’
    • ‘Their manes and tails are trimmed evenly, never wrapped and always comfortably cut just above the hocks.’
    • ‘The hocks and elbows of your dog should receive special attention.’
    • ‘‘You can still see some marks on his left hock,’ Johnson said.’
    • ‘He had a sad little tail, barely long enough to brush his hocks.’
  • 2A knuckle of meat, especially of pork or ham.

    • ‘While wandering around the village we found several restaurants serving fish and an amazing place that smoked fish and cheese and hocks of ham, and you could watch them doing it.’
    • ‘Reports speak of plates piled high with hundreds of tiny fish, eaten with brown bread and the best hock.’
    • ‘I said I doubted whether Andy would be able to stay for tea, having no wish to inflict Peg's famous boiled bacon hock, or her philosophy, on any of my friends.’
    • ‘A pressed slab of ham hock and foie gras were correct enough and their accompanying home-made piccalilli was bravely sour.’
    • ‘Reduce the heat and simmer gently, uncovered, for 2 hours until the ham hock is cooked.’
    • ‘Don't forget to buy some pumpkin pie, roast duck and pork hock to take home with you.’
    • ‘If you wish, add the meat from the hock and season with salt and pepper.’
    • ‘I had the black bean soup with smoked ham hock.’
    • ‘Add the chicken stock, fish stock, and ham hock, maintain at a simmer, and set aside.’
    • ‘Although a hock, which weighs up to a kilo, is mostly skin, bone and gristle, it will also yield 200g of moist bacon meat, which can be added to soup or used in a salad.’
    • ‘Use a smoked gammon knuckle, smoked ham hock or whatever smoked bacon bones you can find - or talk your butcher into selling you the ham bone when they get to the end of carving off the meat.’
    • ‘It was the best pea soup I'd ever had, filled with hocks and so smoky, but in a good way.’
    • ‘Remove the ham hock, de-bone, dice, and add to the base.’
    • ‘The menu is regularly updated, but pork hock with fruit compôte, or seared salmon with a chilled raspberry vinaigrette, are perennial favourites.’
    • ‘We wolfed down fabulous hamburgers, ham hocks, duck and pints of ale, though Soames astonishingly stuck to Diet Coke and no dessert.’
    • ‘Remove the ham hock, and slice off meat from the bone.’
    • ‘If neighbors had a Thanksgiving turkey, the Witherses told everyone they did, too, even if their holiday dinner was ham hocks and beans.’
    • ‘Larger pieces of bacon, or bacon hocks, boiled and served hot or cold with mustard, were much used as standby dishes in poorer households.’
    • ‘The butchers had belly of pork, breast of lamb, brisket of beef, neck of lamb, offal such as liver and heart, and hock of bacon.’
    • ‘If using bacon bones or hocks, remove the fat, chop the meat and return to pot.’

Origin

Late Middle English: variant of hough.

Pronunciation

hock

/hɒk/

Main definitions of hock in English

: hock1hock2hock3hock4

hock2

verb

[WITH OBJECT]informal
  • Deposit (an object) with a pawnbroker as security for money lent.

    • ‘The enlisted servicemen and women hock stuff in the pawn shops and borrow against payday.’
    • ‘In 1898, U.S. Open champion Fred Herd, a renowned boozer, was asked to leave a deposit on the championship cup, because officials were afraid he'd hock it.’
    • ‘In a state of financial desperation, the camera captures Christophe hocking his musical instruments, the things he loves the most.’
    • ‘A young woman follows her suicidal boy friend to a pawn shop and finds out he has just hocked her fur coat to buy a handgun.’
    • ‘Feeling guilty about owing the kindly journalist for her fare, she hocks a valuable Balzac first edition for 180,000 francs and pays her debt.’
    • ‘It is important for the narrative's subtextual meaning that she gives him her wedding ring to hock for money to buy the heroin.’
    • ‘You'll know all about it when I hock the microwave!’
    • ‘We are pretty much the pimps of capitalism, hocking the wares of whoever shows us the money.’
    • ‘And thus, I had to cash in bonds, break the piggy banks and hock jewelry to get the necessary supplies.’
    • ‘Looks like he hocked some of our stuff and used the money.’
    • ‘For those who don't remember, Portman had to hock everything to build his One Peachtree masterpiece.’
    • ‘When he can't take the pressures of his dying brother any more, he hocks his father's most expensive watch so he can buy a hit of heroin.’
    • ‘With all the hi-tech digital tools available, new filmmakers are finding they can create cinema without hocking their homes or putting their day jobs on hold.’
    • ‘The CIA man was creeped out, but he knew he could hock the watch for 10 bucks, probably to the same crook that sold it to the squid.’
    • ‘They had concerns at the time that Herd would hock the cup for drinking money.’
    • ‘Then there were the working class and lower class who would all be crowded into the third part of the train, all having had to hock much of their possessions to even make the passage.’
    • ‘And everywhere, stores seem to be offering items that help us connect to other worlds without having to hock grandma's silver.’
    • ‘As a matter of fact, the luckiest thing about it is that, if I ever had to, I could hock it’.’
    • ‘The archives has the pawn ticket he received when he hocked his binoculars in 1954 for fifteen dollars.’
    • ‘And though every sign in her life seems to be telling her she can't go to the contest, she begs, borrows and steals - even hocks her mother's diamond engagement ring - to get herself to Florida to compete.’
    • ‘Back to Oceanside. The enlisted servicemen and women hock stuff in the pawn shops and borrow against payday.’
    • ‘No longer do you have to hock your car, mortgage your house and sell your firstborn child just to afford your supplements.’
    cripple, lame, disable, handicap, injure
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • in hock

    • 1informal Having been pawned.

      ‘the family jewels are in hock already’
      • ‘In Washington, antiques, glasses and brassbound telescopes that had been in hock for decades are being snapped up by a rush of buyers.’
      • ‘But, unlike pawnshops in most countries, the real business is a steady stream of people putting their homes in hock.’
      • ‘Worse: rather than being self-denying while you retrain for more lucrative employment, should you put the contents of your workshop in hock and live it up at the nearest Ritz-Carlton?’
      1. 1.1In debt.
        ‘the women were in hock to extortionate moneylenders’
        • ‘In other words they are in hock to the government, who control their spending.’
        • ‘There is evidence that some will even get in hock with illegal money lenders, which can have truly disastrous consequences.’
        • ‘Millions of the less well-off are in hock to money lenders because banks won't handle their affairs since the profit margin involved isn't big enough.’
        • ‘That story had a happier ending than many closer to home where families get in hock to the tune of thousands of euro.’
        • ‘The women were in hock to extortionate moneylenders.’
        • ‘Irrespective of who is elected they will be in hock to their contributors.’
        • ‘Because it doesn't depend on heavy machinery, this farm, unlike most, isn't in hock to the bank’.’
        • ‘‘I'm always in hock, because of the investment of time, energy, and money,’ she said to me.’
        • ‘Our most fertile citizens are constantly in hock to student loans and hired on contract rather than a full-time position.’
        • ‘Wouldn't there be a danger of the hospital getting itself in hock to the private sector?’

Origin

Mid 19th century (in the phrase in hock): from Dutch hok ‘hutch, prison, debt’.

Pronunciation

hock

/hɒk/

Main definitions of hock in English

: hock1hock2hock3hock4

hock3

noun

mass nounBritish
  • A dry white wine from the German Rhineland.

    • ‘This name being a bit of a tongue twister for the petite bourgeoisie who were immediately attracted to it, the truncated version, hock, became the name for every wine from the Rhine.’
    • ‘The head of a boisterous party of ex-public schoolboys calls over the waiter and asks for a bottle of hock.’
    • ‘Let’s have a glass of hock, shall we?’

Origin

Abbreviation of obsolete hockamore, alteration of German Hochheimer (Wein) ‘(wine) from Hochheim’.

Pronunciation

hock

/hɒk/

Main definitions of hock in English

: hock1hock2hock3hock4

hock4

noun

North American
  • variant spelling of hawk

Pronunciation

hock

/hɒk/