Definition of Hindustani in English:

Hindustani

noun

mass noun
  • 1A group of mutually intelligible languages and dialects spoken in north-western India, principally Hindi and Urdu.

    • ‘To a mammoth crowd he spoke in Hindustani about the Government's determination to abolish both untouchability and landlordism.’
    • ‘East Lynne was repeatedly dramatized and filmed, and translated into many languages, from Welsh to Hindustani.’
    • ‘In an early scene, Hari is snobbish with Ronald when he is addressed in Hindustani (he can speak only English).’
    • ‘This is partly because of the spoken Hindustani being Sanskritised.’
    • ‘I was stationed near Chittagong during the war, and speak a little Hindustani.’
    • ‘The Muslims kept the words, and Hindustani came to be called Urdu.’
    • ‘When I was growing up, the only language I ever heard was either Urdu or Hindustani.’
    • ‘Even though Dr. Joshi knows chaste Hindi, he spoke in Hindustani peppered heavily with Urdu words.’
    • ‘When he began speaking in Hindustani, the Chairman reminded him that many members did not know the language.’
    • ‘Urdu and Hindi are the same language, khari boli or Hindustani, written in two alphabets.’
    • ‘French, Spanish, and English patios are also common, as well as Hindustani, a dialect of Phojpuri Hindi.’
    • ‘They speak, Urdu or Hindustani regardless of the local languages of an Indian State in which they happen to live and thrive.’
    • ‘She laughs and says, ‘I've told you so many times not to talk to me in Hindustani.’’
    • ‘The overwhelming majority of Indo-Fijians speak Fiji Hindustani, or Fiji Hindi.’
    • ‘Therefore, no credit at all except for some vocabulary is given to Turkish languages in the history of development of Urdu, Hindi or Hindustani.’
    • ‘It is a pleasant amalgam of Persian, Arabic, Marathi, and Hindustani with Konkani as its base.’
    • ‘English is the official language in Fiji, though Fijian and Hindustani are also spoken.’
    1. 1.1 The Delhi dialect of Hindi, widely used throughout India as a lingua franca.

adjective

  • 1Relating to Hindustani.

    1. 1.1 Relating to the culture of north-western India.
      ‘Hindustani classical music’
      • ‘In North America, between 250 to 300 well-organized concerts of Carnatic and Hindustani music are presented each year by over 100 local organizers.’
      • ‘Moaning is a key part of the Hindustani zeitgeist.’
      • ‘The fusion of Indian melody of the Hindustani variety (as opposed to the Carnatic) and steady-paced jazz-rock beats is uplifitng.’
      • ‘When the emphasis is on patrons and court culture, a limited reading of Hindustani music is inevitable.’
      • ‘And of course, be prepared to make that transition from pop, rock, and blues (blaring out of your car stereo) to the Hindustani stuff.’
      • ‘It is open to all practitioners of music including Carnatic, Hindustani, Western, Light-Classical and Devotional.’
      • ‘How is Carnatic music different from Hindustani?’
      • ‘A great admirer of Lata Mangeshkar, Shalini is passionate about Carnatic and Hindustani music besides Western classical.’
      • ‘They can learn Carnatic or Hindustani vocal as well.’
      • ‘The Gandharv channel promotes Hindustani music, reflecting the current musical scenario and upcoming artists, besides the veterans.’
      • ‘The book's closing story, for example, is about Mohanji, a gentle and gifted singer trained in classical Hindustani music.’
      • ‘Ananya is an organisation that has been involved in promoting Hindustani and Carnatic music through its various activities.’
      • ‘I play Dhrupad, a kind of classical Hindustani music, on this rudraveena.’
      • ‘The Hindustani POWs in Turkey were coaxed to join this army.’
      • ‘And on the 25th year of its existence, the Academy also plans to honour some living legends of Hindustani music.’
      • ‘‘You are so responsive an audience…’ exclaimed M.S. Gopalakrishnan, who regaled the crowd with his Hindustani violin.’
      • ‘The ‘ragas’ and ‘raginis’ of Hindustani music were treated as lovers and beloveds of the medieval times.’

Usage

Hindustani was the usual term in the 18th and 19th centuries for the native language of north-western India. The usual modern term is Hindi (or Urdu in Muslim contexts), although Hindustani is still used to refer to the dialect of Hindi spoken around Delhi

Pronunciation

Hindustani

/ˌhɪndʊˈstɑːni/