Definition of Hindustani in English:

Hindustani

noun

mass noun
  • 1A group of mutually intelligible languages and dialects spoken in north-western India, principally Hindi and Urdu.

    • ‘She laughs and says, ‘I've told you so many times not to talk to me in Hindustani.’’
    • ‘When he began speaking in Hindustani, the Chairman reminded him that many members did not know the language.’
    • ‘When I was growing up, the only language I ever heard was either Urdu or Hindustani.’
    • ‘English is the official language in Fiji, though Fijian and Hindustani are also spoken.’
    • ‘Urdu and Hindi are the same language, khari boli or Hindustani, written in two alphabets.’
    • ‘The Muslims kept the words, and Hindustani came to be called Urdu.’
    • ‘Even though Dr. Joshi knows chaste Hindi, he spoke in Hindustani peppered heavily with Urdu words.’
    • ‘To a mammoth crowd he spoke in Hindustani about the Government's determination to abolish both untouchability and landlordism.’
    • ‘This is partly because of the spoken Hindustani being Sanskritised.’
    • ‘East Lynne was repeatedly dramatized and filmed, and translated into many languages, from Welsh to Hindustani.’
    • ‘In an early scene, Hari is snobbish with Ronald when he is addressed in Hindustani (he can speak only English).’
    • ‘French, Spanish, and English patios are also common, as well as Hindustani, a dialect of Phojpuri Hindi.’
    • ‘They speak, Urdu or Hindustani regardless of the local languages of an Indian State in which they happen to live and thrive.’
    • ‘It is a pleasant amalgam of Persian, Arabic, Marathi, and Hindustani with Konkani as its base.’
    • ‘The overwhelming majority of Indo-Fijians speak Fiji Hindustani, or Fiji Hindi.’
    • ‘Therefore, no credit at all except for some vocabulary is given to Turkish languages in the history of development of Urdu, Hindi or Hindustani.’
    • ‘I was stationed near Chittagong during the war, and speak a little Hindustani.’
    1. 1.1 The Delhi dialect of Hindi, widely used throughout India as a lingua franca.

adjective

  • Relating to the culture of north-western India.

    ‘Hindustani classical music’
    • ‘‘You are so responsive an audience…’ exclaimed M.S. Gopalakrishnan, who regaled the crowd with his Hindustani violin.’
    • ‘Ananya is an organisation that has been involved in promoting Hindustani and Carnatic music through its various activities.’
    • ‘When the emphasis is on patrons and court culture, a limited reading of Hindustani music is inevitable.’
    • ‘They can learn Carnatic or Hindustani vocal as well.’
    • ‘A great admirer of Lata Mangeshkar, Shalini is passionate about Carnatic and Hindustani music besides Western classical.’
    • ‘I play Dhrupad, a kind of classical Hindustani music, on this rudraveena.’
    • ‘The book's closing story, for example, is about Mohanji, a gentle and gifted singer trained in classical Hindustani music.’
    • ‘The ‘ragas’ and ‘raginis’ of Hindustani music were treated as lovers and beloveds of the medieval times.’
    • ‘In North America, between 250 to 300 well-organized concerts of Carnatic and Hindustani music are presented each year by over 100 local organizers.’
    • ‘The Gandharv channel promotes Hindustani music, reflecting the current musical scenario and upcoming artists, besides the veterans.’
    • ‘And on the 25th year of its existence, the Academy also plans to honour some living legends of Hindustani music.’
    • ‘How is Carnatic music different from Hindustani?’
    • ‘Moaning is a key part of the Hindustani zeitgeist.’
    • ‘The Hindustani POWs in Turkey were coaxed to join this army.’
    • ‘The fusion of Indian melody of the Hindustani variety (as opposed to the Carnatic) and steady-paced jazz-rock beats is uplifitng.’
    • ‘It is open to all practitioners of music including Carnatic, Hindustani, Western, Light-Classical and Devotional.’
    • ‘And of course, be prepared to make that transition from pop, rock, and blues (blaring out of your car stereo) to the Hindustani stuff.’

Usage

Hindustani was the usual term in the 18th and 19th centuries for the native language of north-western India. The usual modern term is Hindi (or Urdu in Muslim contexts), although Hindustani is still used to refer to the dialect of Hindi spoken around Delhi

Pronunciation

Hindustani

/ˌhɪndʊˈstɑːni/