One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Any of the class of simple sugars whose molecules contain six carbon atoms, such as glucose and fructose. They generally have the chemical formula C₆H₁₂O₆.
- ‘For example, fruit pulp of many species contains the disaccharide sucrose and the hexoses, glucose and fructose.’
- ‘They have six atoms of carbon in each molecule and are therefore called hexoses.’
- ‘The most important monosaccharides are hexoses such as glucose and galactose.’
- ‘Like fructose, it is a six-carbon atom sugar, or a hexose.’
- ‘These hexoses were taken up and sucrose was synthesized and exported into the hypocotyl.’
Late 19th century: from hexa- ‘six’ + -ose.
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