One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Subject to a law or standard external to itself.
- ‘Bourdieu defines a contrast between autonomous artists, who create for themselves and for others sharing their esoteric tastes, and heteronomous artists, who seek wealth by creating to meet the approval of the consumer field.’
- ‘Conversely the more heteronomous they are in their literary practices, the more inclined they are to collaborate.’
- ‘One obvious way that scholars have connected the dynamics of authority relations to organization-environment relations is through the study of professionalization and the development of heteronomous organizations.’
- ‘For Bauer, socialism was irredeemably heteronomous.’
- ‘Developmental theorists have described this type of motivation in similar ways using the terms heteronomous morality, impulsive, and to a lesser extent, pre-operational.’
- 1.1 (in Kantian moral philosophy) acting in accordance with one's desires rather than reason or moral duty.Compare with autonomous
- ‘Being free but not autonomous is a condition Kant called heteronomous.’
- ‘But it is hard to see how such a claim could be supported in Kantian ethics, given its rejection of heteronomous (subjective, interest-based) foundations and its commitment to there being substantive moral questions about ends.’
- ‘To say that we are heteronomous because of this is therefore deeply problematic.’
- ‘This is an agent who is able to overcome the promptings of all heteronomous counsels, such as those of self-interest and desire, should they be in conflict with reason.’
- ‘In its heroic period the Freudian school, in agreement on this point with the other, enlightening Kant, demanded the ruthless critique of the superego as something alien to the ego, something truly heteronomous.’
- 1.2Biology Subject to different laws of growth and development.
- ‘Wings heteronomous (anterior pair larger, with venation, and setae longer); tips broadly rounded; venation with two longitudinal and five oblique veins.’
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