Definition of Herod in English:


proper noun

  • 1The name of four rulers of ancient Palestine.

    1. 1.1 Herod the Great (c.74–4 BC), ruled 37–4 BC. According to the New Testament, Jesus was born during his reign, and he ordered the massacre of the innocents (Matt. 2:16).
    2. 1.2 Herod Antipas (22 BC–c.40 AD), son of Herod the Great, tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea 4 BC–AD 40. He married Herodias (his brother's wife) and was responsible for the beheading of John the Baptist. According to the New Testament (Luke 23:7), Pilate sent Jesus to be questioned by him before the Crucifixion.
    3. 1.3 Herod Agrippa I (10 BC–AD 44), grandson of Herod the Great, king of Judaea AD 41–4. He imprisoned St Peter and put St James the Great to death.
    4. 1.4 Herod Agrippa II (AD 27–c.93), son of Herod Agrippa I, king of various territories in northern Palestine 50–c.93. He presided over the trial of St Paul (Acts 25:13 ff.).