Definition of hedge in English:

hedge

noun

  • 1A fence or boundary formed by closely growing bushes or shrubs:

    ‘a privet hedge’
    • ‘Prune shrubs in a formal hedge to resemble a dense, smooth wall.’
    • ‘The best thing about my cave, however, is that it's hidden behind a hedge of red bushes, so the curious tourist or hiker is very unlikely to find it.’
    • ‘For added protection from cats, locate the bath out in the open, at least 10 feet from escape cover such as a hedge or shrubs.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, he falls into the hedge immediately behind the fence.’
    • ‘Dressed in black (how obvious) the person was creeping toward the house, ducking behind bushes and hedges.’
    • ‘As I move away, the incredible house with its dazzling colours disappears again behind the hedge and the bushes, invisible to the outside world.’
    • ‘Soon the conifer area, which alone holds 1,000 species of spruce, and the hedge and shrub area become visible.’
    • ‘Tall shrubs, hedges, or vine-covered fences make a detached patio private.’
    • ‘Houses, fences, and hedges can act as dams that block wind, causing cold pockets (whenever air stagnates, temperatures drop).’
    • ‘A good starting point is to install large, specimen trees, hedges, hard landscaping, and water features or to buy a couple of beautiful ceramic or terracotta pots.’
    • ‘High walls, fences, thorny hedges and bushes can all put off burglars but make sure the front of your home is visible to passers-by’
    • ‘They tend to be big, bold shrubs, well adapted to use as a flowering hedge or windbreak, or for planting at the back of a flower border.’
    • ‘A few deciduous bushes make nice hedges, although many look best grown informally rather than sheared.’
    • ‘Lily and tulip bulbs can go into the garden as can deciduous trees, climbers, shrubs and hedges, roses and fruit trees, bushes and canes.’
    • ‘Due to changes in farming methods over the years, many sources for food and nesting places have been lost but gardens with shrubs, hedges and fruit trees go some way to filling the gaps.’
    • ‘They'll replant the hedges and grow insanely expensive vegetables for fun.’
    • ‘Similar to grass shears, only longer, this tool is useful for trimming shrubs and hedges.’
    • ‘I've heard it used to describe the man-made features such as walls, paths, arbors, hedges, and fences that divide the garden into different areas.’
    • ‘The list below shows shrubs used in formal hedges that respond well to frequent or heavy pruning.’
    • ‘As the hedge grows, prune the sides so the bottom is slightly wider than the top to prevent the upper limbs from shading the lower ones.’
    hedgerow, row of bushes, fence
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  • 2A way of protecting oneself against financial loss or other adverse circumstances:

    ‘index-linked gilts are a useful hedge against inflation’
    • ‘He also knows - and if he doesn't he should - that geographical diversity in a pension portfolio is an essential hedge against harder times at home.’
    • ‘Traditionally, gold has been coveted as a safe harbor in times of distress and a hedge against inflation.’
    • ‘Experts nevertheless recommend that sophisticated investors have some gold in their portfolio not only as a hedge against inflation, but also as a way to control risk.’
    • ‘Holding precious metals was always viewed as a hedge against a runup in inflation.’
    • ‘Also, putting these extras where they show to best advantage provided a good hedge against the financial risk of building a home from scratch.’
    • ‘In his view, companies keep inventory as a hedge against poor demand forecasts and an inability to see into their supply chains.’
    • ‘The art market grew during the 20 years preceding the Civil War, then boomed as investors sought art as a hedge against inflation.’
    • ‘This option provides an income stream for life, which is an effective hedge against outliving your retirement income.’
    • ‘And, of course, some companies are mitigating losses through currency hedges.’
    • ‘So, as beautiful as the yellow metal might be, gold is neither a hedge against inflation nor a protection against uncertainty.’
    • ‘The indices also reveal that art can be a poor hedge against inflation over short periods.’
    • ‘With recovery comes inflation, with gold a natural hedge against rising prices.’
    • ‘Indeed, building robust connections with users is the best hedge against adversity.’
    • ‘Diversifying your portfolio is a hedge against the down times.’
    • ‘They also view the credits as a hedge against even tighter restrictions in the future.’
    • ‘Secondly, the difference involved is meant to act as a partial hedge against fluctuations in currencies.’
    • ‘They also wanted something that would provide a hedge against inflation.’
    • ‘The savings ratio is also influenced by inflation (rising prices), because people feel a greater need to save as a hedge against higher inflation.’
    • ‘Back then, gold was presumed to be the only hedge against both inflation and a falling dollar.’
    • ‘This is because gold is seen as a hedge against the US currency.’
    safeguard, protection, shield, screen, guard, buffer, cushion
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  • 3A word or phrase used to avoid overprecise commitment, for example etc., often, or sometimes.

    • ‘People believe that directness is rude and use a variety of euphemisms and hedges to avoid it.’
    • ‘The presence of a hedge provides information regarding whether a student answer is right or wrong.’
    equivocation, evasion, fudge, quibble, qualification, qualifying expression
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Surround with a hedge:

    ‘a garden hedged with yew’
    • ‘The floor area is shortly to be fenced to a height of three feet, then hedged and landscaped and when completed will be only facility of its kind in football and hopefully used for the promotion of the game in local schools.’
    • ‘But the further south I got in England, the more the land was fenced in and hedged off.’
    • ‘At the junction of these roads was a fairly large field hedged all round.’
    surround, enclose, encircle, circle, ring, border, edge, bound
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    1. 1.1hedge something in Enclose something:
      ‘the cathedral is closely hedged in by other buildings’
      • ‘Dated 10 November 1918, it shows the artist hedged in by the surrounding objects in his studio, as he stands, as though trapped, behind the back of his easel and looks across the darkness at his mirror image.’
      • ‘When I approached the town I discovered that gardens and orchards hedged it in.’
      • ‘Are you hedged in for privacy or open for all the world to see?’
      • ‘And anyway, it will be hedged in with get-out clauses about affordability.’
      confine, enclose, impound, pen, pen in, pen up, fence in, hedge in
      confine, enclose, impound, shut up, pen, pen in, pen up, fence in, hedge in
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  • 2Limit or qualify (something) by conditions or exceptions:

    ‘they hedged their story about with provisos’
    • ‘But they hedge their predictions that there will be a global economic upturn some time later next year.’
    • ‘A formal procedure hedged with safeguards would protect doctors from criminal prosecution.’
    • ‘That, says my editor, is an unacceptable cop-out: your readers are entitled to your views, even if they are carefully hedged with all these warnings.’
    • ‘Moreover, the exemptions are placed on a clear statutory footing and are hedged with appropriate safeguards.’
    • ‘Barely a week later, it is reported that the Government has ‘buckled to pressure from the green movement’, and hedged its commitment to these technologies once more.’
    • ‘Why are you all hedging this support on constitutional reform?’
    • ‘Even scientists optimistic about the future have hedged their predictions with warnings.’
    • ‘The climate change debate is hedged by uncertainties.’
    confine, restrict, limit, hinder, obstruct, impede, constrain, trap
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    1. 2.1[no object] Avoid making a definite statement or commitment:
      ‘he hedged at every new question’
      • ‘Women hedge answers more often than men in tutoring interactions.’
      • ‘Students hedge and apologize often to human tutors, but very rarely to computer tutors.’
      • ‘Note that we're not hedging that statement - it will happen.’
      • ‘No details were given, and Potter hedged his words carefully in a call with analysts.’
      • ‘Many times throughout the article, he carefully hedged his statements.’
      • ‘Under a storm of protest, Sontag at first hedged and then eventually dodged the issue.’
      • ‘He hedged his statements in a way that suggested ignorance or cowardice.’
      • ‘He hedges a little but you can tell; this is his last year all right.’
      • ‘‘I've been busy,’ I hedged, trying to avoid eye contact.’
      • ‘We note too that his pronouncements are hedged with bureaucratic justification.’
      • ‘He added: ‘Perhaps you hedged on this, so as to avoid giving the directors of intelligence too much detailed information.’’
      • ‘Treason is a difficult one to actually get a conviction on, so I think that's why they are hedging away from that.’
      • ‘Then he wanted me to tell him what was up, I hedged saying I didn't want to talk about it over the phone.’
      • ‘Although Bernstein hedged a bit in the media center when asked if this time was really his last, if it was, it was a heck of a way to go out.’
      • ‘She still hedges a bit on her command responsibility, but I think she actually acquitted herself quite well in this online discussion.’
      • ‘I mean, you're even hedging on whether this was a murder?’
      avoid, not give a straight answer to, dodge, sidestep, bypass, fence, fend off, parry, skirt round, fudge, quibble about, be equivocal about, be evasive about
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  • 3Protect oneself against loss on (a bet or investment) by making balancing or compensating transactions:

    ‘the company hedged its investment position on the futures market’
    [no object] ‘the depth of the Treasury futures market makes it a popular place to hedge against adverse market swings’
    • ‘This swap would be expected to hedge against the rising financing cost of their short term debt.’
    • ‘They are a good way for conservative investors to hedge against inflation as they guarantee the face value of the investment over a set period of time and provide a small income.’
    • ‘I prefer to own these bonds in equal parts to hedge against a loss in the value of the U.S. dollar.’
    • ‘Taking into account the worst scenario of a further rise in property prices, is there any kind of investment that I can hedge against this with my cash after the sale?’
    • ‘And of course, we benefited from the upside in the gold price, but not as significant as one would have expected, because as you know, we are heavily hedged.’
    • ‘But you need to spread you portfolio to hedge against a fall in the stock market.’
    • ‘It's also a leader in complex derivatives that allow others to hedge against the risk of fluctuating commodities prices.’
    • ‘In other words, investors hedge one investment by making another.’
    • ‘Options are a great way to hedge against your existing positions to decrease risk.’
    • ‘Currency exposure can be hedged, but it costs money - enough, in many cases, to make the trade unprofitable.’
    • ‘It was insulated to much of the increase as it had hedged its jet fuel requirement at lower prices and would continue to do so again this year.’
    • ‘Having hedged its fuel bill for the winter, which should keep costs under control, the airline is monitoring whether to continue hedging for the summer.’
    • ‘‘All currency exposure outside the eurozone is hedged,’ he said.’
    • ‘Also, net non-local currency cashflows must be hedged for a 12-month period.’
    • ‘Not all problems are soluble, not all risks can be hedged at acceptable cost.’
    • ‘But how can investors hedge against rising commodity prices?’
    • ‘Gold is being used as an investment to hedge against US dollar uncertainty.’
    • ‘While we'd like to keep as much money as possible in the business to hedge against a downturn, we find that we're hindered by our corporate form and tax status.’
    • ‘The forward market, used to hedge holdings in the currency, indicates the same.’
    • ‘Private investors can reduce the risks created by a weak dollar by hedging their currency exposure.’
    safeguard, protect, shield, guard, cushion, cover, insure, take out insurance, take out insurance cover
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Phrases

  • hedge one's bets

    • Avoid committing oneself when faced with a difficult choice:

      ‘they hedged their bets by saying they might apply’
      • ‘If you look carefully inside the present museum, what you see is that we hedged our bets and made a number of different reconstructions from semi-subterranean through to various larger and taller buildings.’
      • ‘Punters were hedging their bets as more than 300 birds flew for a prize of £20,000 in The Royal Pigeon Racing Association's jubilee race.’
      • ‘How then can one avoid this risk and hedge one's bets?’
      • ‘Some are hedging their bets on the Times’ hyped self-examination.’
      • ‘But hiring has been so slow and most economists have been so wrong on this issue that some are now hedging their bets.’
      • ‘A further 18% hedged their bets, saying prices would remain stable.’
      • ‘It's evident that city leaders past and present have hedged their bets on entertainment districts.’
      • ‘Well, maybe not; maybe it's far too early to even talk about hedging their bets.’
      • ‘Some clan chiefs hedged their bets and sent sons off to fight on opposing sides.’
      • ‘No one knows at this point in time who that next ‘leader’ will be, and many are hedging their bets.’
      • ‘But to hedge your bets, you bet the other way as well.’
      • ‘But I expect wealthy buyers will be hedging their bets before long.’
      • ‘Yet it was almost as if they were hedging their bets, saying something about this player in this game that they could say again about someone else in the next game, three days later.’
      • ‘Maybe they're hedging their bets about further defections.’
      • ‘And like me, it's a safe bet that you read with fingers in multiple pages, hedging your bets.’
      • ‘And, indeed, you were hedging your bets at one point, weren't you, in the Minnesota case?’
      • ‘And prudence is not the art of hedging your bets.’
      • ‘They are simply hedging their bets, forming a relationship with you early on, in a competitive industry and punting on your future success.’
      • ‘We have existing laws on the books, but I think many criminals are kind of hedging their bets by thinking they either won't get caught, or the system will be so slow that it will work to their favor.’
      • ‘And they hedge their bets by avoiding specific predictions for how long it will take to colonize this or that planet, or to travel to this or that star.’
      prevaricate, equivocate, vacillate, quibble, hesitate, stall, evade the issue, dodge the issue, fudge the issue, sidestep the issue, be non-committal, be evasive, be indecisive, be vague, hedge one's bets, beat about the bush, parry questions, pussyfoot around, mince one's words, shilly-shally
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English hegg, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch heg and German Hecke.

Pronunciation:

hedge

/hɛdʒ/