Definition of hazard in English:



  • 1A danger or risk.

    ‘the hazards of childbirth’
    • ‘Greater floodplain occupancy is putting more people at risk to the flood hazard.’
    • ‘If ever you see a flooded road, or another traffic hazard, be sure to phone into the studio.’
    • ‘Tornado hazard in such regions is probably somewhat higher than the model predicts.’
    • ‘It's expected to make users aware of the scientific uncertainties about the use of mobiles and will focus on the potential health hazards to children.’
    • ‘I can't think of many politicians in the past five years who have risked the hazards of a modern high school classroom or a teeming community college campus.’
    • ‘There are no guarantees, except to say that the hazard or risk can be reduced if conservation practices are properly applied.’
    • ‘The reports of anthrax cases have put a renewed focus on the risks and hazards posed by biological agents.’
    • ‘The benefits of antiplatelet therapy outweigh any hazards.’
    • ‘Choked drains and polluted water bodies are to be tracked and cleaned up as they are the potential sources of health hazards.’
    • ‘The main hazard is the risk of deep vein thrombosis.’
    • ‘Ensuring safe delivery and optimal care of the baby at birth eliminates the risk of peri-natal hazards to the brain.’
    • ‘The Department of Education recently wrote to all primary schools reminding them of the potential health hazards posed by overweight schoolbags.’
    • ‘The doctor delivered a speech on the hazards of smoking.’
    • ‘She told The Washington Post that the hazards and risks of nanotechnology are poorly understood.’
    • ‘The minister said that farming is probably the only employment sector that poses such enormous direct risks and hazards for both children and elderly people.’
    • ‘The 1998 case is a notorious example of the hazards of credit risk.’
    • ‘A high incidence of brush fires has raised concerns about the potential hazard that could result from exposed terrain affected by heat.’
    • ‘Across the country the organisation has brought together experts in infectious disease, and chemical and radiation hazards.’
    • ‘These will detail the effects of smallpox, anthrax, mustard gas and other chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards.’
    • ‘All chemicals must be accompanied by public data on hazards or risk being taken off the market.’
    danger, risk, peril, threat, menace
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    1. 1.1 A potential source of danger.
      ‘a safety hazard’
      • ‘It was shut following a risk assessment by the council, which identified several dangerous hazards.’
      • ‘What happens if the residual hazards identified in the risk analysis cannot be avoided?’
      • ‘All employers must identify hazards, assess risks and prepare a safety statement, which must then be communicated to employees.’
      • ‘They claim they face hazards including risks of flood, fire, gas and explosion and should not be expected to work the long shifts.’
      • ‘The planning system should guide development to lessen the risk from natural or man made hazards.’
      • ‘I remember that those toys were recalled because they were a choking hazard.’
      • ‘After assessing each hazard, you develop one or more controls to either eliminate the hazard or reduce the risk of a mishap.’
      • ‘Security can be regarded as the absence of risks and hazards.’
      • ‘This teaches us to assess and minimize risk by identifying hazards and implementing controls.’
      • ‘The crew failed to identify hazards, to assess risks and to implement controls.’
      • ‘If you are confident that you understand the work, you can do the hazard identification and risk assessment yourself.’
      • ‘There had been concerns about potential health and safety hazards, including the fact that Miss Halliday would have to wear a tightly-fitting corset.’
      • ‘The council has revealed that potential health hazards, like broken rails and track wear and tear, have led to the closure.’
      • ‘Depleted uranium is officially considered to be more of a toxic than a radiological hazard.’
      • ‘It identifies the hazards and associated risks and then lists the control measures that need to be put in place.’
      • ‘He should be alert to the hazards and risks inherent in any professional task he undertakes.’
      • ‘Another hazard is tending to accident victims or to people who need medical assistance.’
      • ‘Once airborne, we received more information and re-evaluated the situation, hazards, and risks.’
      • ‘Some camps have taken the necessary steps to control cooking hazards and the risk of fire.’
      • ‘Controls are actions taken to eliminate hazards or reduce risk.’
    2. 1.2 A permanent feature of a golf course which presents an obstruction to playing a shot, such as a bunker or stream.
      • ‘He planted an awesome approach shot on the green from the edge of a water hazard.’
      • ‘I aim away from the hazard and land safely.’
      • ‘He got a great kick out of tackling Mount Juliet's delightful putting green with its water hazards and bunkers.’
      • ‘The course provides a stern test for competitors as it features sharp, rolling contours, mini-lake water hazards and sand bunkers.’
      • ‘He chased his errant tee shot into a hazard.’
      • ‘Water hazards are especially tricky for grounding your club.’
      • ‘No matter which treatment method is used, the basic rules for maintaining water features and hazards remain the same.’
      • ‘Thinking my ball was lost after hitting a tee shot into a water hazard, l played a provisional ball.’
      • ‘I guess because of the distance and the water hazard, it seemed like a miracle shot.’
      • ‘An architect probably is in the best position to determine the strategic aspects of the bunker as a hazard.’
      • ‘When you have to carry a hazard or greenside bunker, find out what the yardage is, add 10 yards, and play to that distance.’
      • ‘He hit his tee shot in a hazard.’
      • ‘On holes where existing features provided hazards, fairway bunkers were deemed an unnecessary luxury.’
      • ‘While bunkers are hazards by the rules of golf, the native grass edging is not a hazard but plays as difficult or even more difficult.’
      • ‘You'll see grass bend as balls roll through the rough, or see clouds of sand fly up as an errant shot falls into a hazard.’
      • ‘Bunkers are hazards, according to the rules of golf.’
      • ‘One segment in the movie features the group driving golf cars recklessly around a course, jumping over bunkers and water hazards.’
      • ‘There are powder-white bunkers and marshland as hazards.’
      • ‘The solution is to sometimes remind golfers that sand bunkers are a hazard.’
      • ‘A player's tee shot lands in the fairway and rolls toward a water hazard, but the player can't see if it went in.’
  • 2literary mass noun Chance; probability.

    ‘we can form no calculation concerning the laws of hazard’
    • ‘And although he tries to concoct it, there is scant sense of hazard.’
    • ‘In these poems, nothing is left to hazard or given for mere poetic effect.’
    • ‘Those changes simply could not have happened by hazard’
    chance, probability, fortuity, luck, fate, destiny, fortune, providence, serendipity, accident
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  • 3mass noun A gambling game using two dice, in which the chances are complicated by arbitrary rules.

    • ‘Who will go with me to hazard, For a hundred English prisoners?’
    • ‘The principal game played was hazard, of which there were two kinds.’
    • ‘The Game of Hazard may be played by any Number of Persons.’
  • 4(in real tennis) each of the winning openings in the court.

  • 5Billiards
    A stroke with which a ball is pocketed.

    1. 5.1losing hazard The pocketing of the cue ball off another ball.
      • ‘He miscued on a very simple losing hazard in the centre pocket as a result of overstretching for the shot.’
      • ‘A player fails to score and gives way to his opponents if his stroke does not result in a cannon, a losing hazard or a winning hazard.’
      • ‘This is a half-ball losing hazard played off the spotted red.’
      • ‘This shot is a ‘loser’ or losing hazard, because it is your cue ball that enters the pocket, not the object ball.’
      • ‘In making a short losing hazard into the right top pocket across the head of the board, Newman just grazed his opponent's ball with his cue.’
    2. 5.2winning hazard The pocketing of the object ball.
      • ‘Wherever the winning hazard reigns he has this strong pull over all possible opponents.’
      • ‘The winning hazard becomes automatic.’
      • ‘A player fails to score and gives way to his opponents if his stroke does not result in a cannon, a losing hazard or a winning hazard.’


[with object]
  • 1Say (something) in a tentative way.

    ‘he hazarded a guess’
    • ‘I've been wrong too many times before to hazard a guess now.’
    • ‘Of the 1,000 parents and grandparents surveyed, 28% were unable even to hazard a guess about the level of costs.’
    • ‘I could hazard a guess, but it would be merely that - a guess.’
    • ‘Orwell admired Joyce as the king of literary modernism, while hazarding the possibility that his best books may well turn out to be Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.’
    • ‘But I will nevertheless hazard offering two observations.’
    • ‘Thankfully, the only person who hazarded a guess got it wrong.’
    • ‘I would hazard the view that Shreshtha's recent oil paintings are among the most important works he has produced in his career.’
    • ‘I'm lucky enough to have internet access, although I'd hazard a guess that thousands haven't, particularly the elderly.’
    • ‘Some were hazarding a guess that perhaps there had been an accident or breakdown, but no one knew for sure.’
    • ‘Although I'll hazard the guess that Paris will win, I think I'll express a preference for London!’
    • ‘No one's even hazarding a guess on the loss of life or the extent of the damage.’
    • ‘And who will hazard a guess as to what the Ireland of 2020 will be like?’
    • ‘I'm tempted to leave those as rhetorical questions, but I'll hazard an answer.’
    • ‘At the end he hazards an estimate, cautiously and with qualifications, that the Aboriginal population was perhaps 600 when the settlers arrived.’
    • ‘It is far too early to hazard any kind of decent guess at the likely outcome.’
    • ‘I hazard to state that there would be very few rape victims who are not, on a daily basis, reminded of the crime committed against them.’
    • ‘Everyone around him hazards a guess, but they are all wildly speculative.’
    • ‘It is almost impossible to hazard a guess as to what will happen.’
    • ‘No respectable economist would hazard growth projections for any longer time frame than a decade.’
    • ‘Without a menu in front of me, I genuinely couldn't have hazarded a sensible stab at what the meal's components were.’
    venture, put forward, proffer, advance, volunteer
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  • 2Put (something) at risk of being lost.

    ‘the cargo business is too risky to hazard money on’
    • ‘The shocking discovery of discarded glue bags raises the frightening spectre of youngsters hazarding their lives in search of cheap thrills.’
    • ‘I figured I'd force myself to take risks, hazard extra dangers, go where reporters weren't.’
    • ‘Washington drew the line at hazarding the lives of U.S. pilots by ordering low-level attacks.’
    • ‘I would hazard a bet that hardly anyone knew or cared what the creators said.’
    • ‘I'll hazard a wager: no one will ever turn up with thirty-year-old originals.’
    • ‘You hazard your good name and very nearly ruin the reputation of others.’
    • ‘We should avoid the mistake of hazarding our national transport systems again.’
    • ‘In order to achieve a world record and generate a stunning effect, we defy great risks, even hazarding our lives.’
    risk, put at risk, jeopardize, chance, gamble, stake, bet, take a chance with
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Middle English (in hazard (sense 3 of the noun)): from Old French hasard, from Spanish azar, from Arabic az-zahr ‘chance, luck’, from Persian zār or Turkish zar ‘dice’.