One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An ancient language of NW Anatolia, spoken in the 3rd millennium BC, in which a few cuneiform tablets survive, some bilingual with Hittite. It was neither an Indo-European nor a Semitic language, but it had a strong influence on the vocabulary of Hittite, which eventually displaced it.
- ‘Chirikba asserts that the Northwest Caucasian language (to which Abkhaz belongs) is affiliated with Northeast Caucasian and the fragmentarily-attested Anatolian substrate language Hattic.’
- ‘Hattic was a language spoken by the Hattians in Asia Minor between the 3rd and the 2nd millennia BC.’
- ‘Since Hattic continued to be used in the Hittite kingdom for religious purposes, and there is substantial continuity between the two cultures, it is not known whether the Hattic speakers - the Hattians - were displaced by the speakers of Hittite, were absorbed by them, or just adopted their language.’
- ‘Many believe Ubykh descended from Hattic, an ancient language that flourished in modern-day Turkey until Indo-European Hittite largely displaced it.’
- ‘Cuneiform writing was also applied to several local languages, like Hurrian in northern Mesopotamia, Syria and Asia Minor; Eblaite in Syria;, Hittite, Luwian, Palaic and Hattic in Asia Minor; and Urartian in Armenia.’
Relating to Hattic.
- ‘The Hattic language (zõjuk Chader) constitutes a separate branch of the Indo-European family, which can be divided into satem and kentum languages.’
- ‘With the Hattic poems known from the Hittite capital (Kingship in Heaven and Song of Ullikummi = Kumarbi Cycle), any original ritual context may have been lost when these poems were imported to the Hittite world, transforming them into purely literary works.’
- ‘Hattusa is derived from Hattus, the original name given to it by the Hattic people.’
- ‘Besides his involvement with Hittite, he has worked on the Hattian (or Hattic) language as well and since January 1996 has been preparing a ‘Hattian word list’ based on the texts in Hattian from Bo © azköy (Hattic-Hittite bilinguals, Hattic recitations, Hittite rituals, and festivals with Hattic elements).’
- ‘To begin with, local Hattic deities predominated, but with the political and military expansion of the Hittite world, the divine ranks of the pantheon were swelled by new members, many of whom were gods of the city states and kingdoms that had succumbed to the military might of Hatti.’
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