Definition of harvest in English:

harvest

noun

  • 1The process or period of gathering in crops.

    ‘farmers work longer hours during the harvest’
    • ‘The olive harvest falls after grape harvest, during a period of time when he'd otherwise have nothing for his workers to do.’
    • ‘Strict and complex regulations control all aspects of the harvest and production.’
    • ‘Check the required waiting period on the label with the interval before harvest on food crops you wish to treat.’
    • ‘Mubuyu farms will employ over 1,500 coffee pluckers during the harvest period between April and September of which the majority will be women.’
    • ‘Farmers present offerings and gifts to the deities for a successful harvest season and pray for bumper crops in the next.’
    • ‘A decline in sucrose concentration occurred across the harvest period, which may have been associated with a decline in solar radiation during the season.’
    • ‘For most farmers, drying the crop is the major bottleneck in the harvest process.’
    • ‘Then it might really own the asparagus business for the harvest season, and farmers could stay in business.’
    • ‘Slowly we are chugging through the harvest and soon the 2002 crop will be all safely stowed away in the grain bins.’
    • ‘It's the end of the harvest season and these farmers in the village of Saloum are sorting the last of their peanuts.’
    • ‘After harvest, the process of ripening hastens.’
    • ‘Inundation was the sowing period, coming-forth was the growing period, and summer was the harvest period.’
    • ‘By the end of the harvest period this month the plants are trimmed, healthy and have been nourished, yielding much better quality tea.’
    • ‘‘An average of 60 tons of watermelon is produced each harvest,’ Suwandi said.’
    • ‘Gulfprince ripens from early to mid-May, extending the harvest period.’
    • ‘The most appropriate time to tell myths is during a particular phase of the year - the period of the yam harvest from April to May.’
    • ‘Alternative solutions are derived by first allowing extra labor hours during the harvest period.’
    • ‘Most Nicaraguans who have work still toil as migrants, following crops and working only during the harvest period.’
    gathering in of the crops, harvesting, harvest time, harvest home
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    1. 1.1 The season's yield or crop.
      ‘a poor harvest’
      • ‘Weeks of hot weather had produced a good harvest, but many watermills were becalmed by drought, so flour remained scarce.’
      • ‘If those working on it can work together, the seeds sown to date can yield a bountiful harvest.’
      • ‘Australian, American, and Chilean winemakers work in steady, hot climates that produce regular harvests and consistent wines.’
      • ‘The Cultivation Ceremony is also performed to help keep the different grains free from disease, producing a bountiful harvest.’
      • ‘The crisis has been warded off, WV believes, once farmers produce successful harvests two years in a row.’
      • ‘Its less fertile fields hadn't produced much of a harvest, and they had been lucky surviving the winter intact.’
      • ‘UN agencies say, however, the harvest yielded less than 900 000 tons.’
      • ‘The South has run out of room for its herds again, becoming increasingly dependent upon the pasta and bread products provided by grain harvests.’
      • ‘The next fortnight will be crucial because prolonged rains are needed immediately to water crops and ensure that a harvest is produced in October.’
      • ‘Already signs are that there might be a bumper harvest this season but all this will be in vain if measures are not taken to prevent crops from going to waste.’
      • ‘Exports have been climbing, not least to Britain, and at the same time recent harvests have failed to produce the anticipated quantities.’
      • ‘But she said she was expecting a good harvest from her maize crop some of which she hoped to sell and hopefully go to college.’
      • ‘This followed a shortage caused by a poor winter harvest and alleged wheat market manipulation resulted in excessive exports of grain.’
      • ‘The restaurant, called the ‘Bench Bistro’ offers simple, yet innovative dishes that pay homage to the area's bountiful harvests and local producers.’
      • ‘The chief said his subjects who were renowned farmers in the whole district had a poor harvest for the past two years because of inadequate fertiliser supplies.’
      • ‘Mr Kasukumya said he was, however, happy that people in his area continued to record bumper harvests in maize production.’
      • ‘The maize fields were also expected to produce a good harvest, with enough maize for feed and export.’
      • ‘The government estimates the new harvest will yield about 600000 tons of staple grains this year.’
      • ‘For a farmer with fifty acres, poor harvests were an advantage, since they meant higher grain prices.’
      • ‘That's about four acres under cultivation - enough to produce a total harvest last year of about 10,000 bundles.’
      yield, crop, vintage, year's growth
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    2. 1.2 A quantity of animals caught or killed for human use.
      ‘a limited harvest of wild mink’
      • ‘The industry currently harvests about 3.2 million animals per year, which are processed for their skins and meat.’
      • ‘Wildlife experts like Henley and Habel are more concerned about harvests of wild fish like paddlefish than of trout, which is being grown in aquaculture facilities.’
      • ‘Chile is one of the countries closest to toothfish territory and catches and exports a large share of the toothfish harvest.’
      • ‘In a wild population, this theory implies that the remaining animals after a harvest will increase their reproductive rate to compensate.’
      • ‘According to one elder interviewed, ensuring the animal was fat was an important part of the harvest.’
      • ‘But human harvest of horseshoe crabs has reduced the egg surplus.’
      • ‘Humans continue to illegally harvest Pteronura brasiliensis for pelts.’
      • ‘If you're someone who protests the harvest of animals, think about what you're doing.’
      • ‘Fishermen and their representative bodies have always been more than capable of policing themselves and restricting their harvest of wild fish.’
      • ‘Inshore catch rates peaked in 1993 with a total harvest of 420,000 kilograms during an 18-week fishery.’
      • ‘The annual throng of whitebaiters converging on Lake Ferry has been subject to an unseasonal interruption to the harvest just as catches were beginning to grow.’
      • ‘This function might improve cellular water retention under the stress incurred during the transport of animals for harvest.’
      • ‘In the olden days on St Kilda and at several bleak rocky points east, tenacious hunters would dangle off perilous cliffs to catch their harvest.’
      • ‘The good news is that Nicaragua is now cracking down on this animal harvest.’
      • ‘The eastern North Pacific stock of gray whales has been increasing in recent years despite known harvests and other human caused mortalities.’
      • ‘Scotland's premier chef knows all about wild harvests, which is why he's thrilled that autumn is here again’
      • ‘The biologist believed that the herd would soon be in trouble and that the animal harvest would have to be reduced.’
      • ‘Sex ratios could differ between the historical and modern beluga harvests because the modern hunters' preference for larger animals tends to bias their selection towards males.’
      • ‘The wild harvest - which begins on September 6 this year - is generally capped at around 35,000 animals.’
    3. 1.3 The product or result of an action.
      ‘in terms of science, Apollo yielded a meagre harvest’
      • ‘Will the second half of the calendar which is about to begin produce a more lucrative harvest for Peugeot?’
      • ‘Such a policy will inevitably produce a bumper harvest of both ‘normal’ and unanticipated ‘abnormal’ results.’
      • ‘Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it.’
      • ‘And he has been able to work out what is good, and what results in a harvest of votes at the other end.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the US Navy was reaping a rich harvest from its years of wargaming.’
      • ‘Bankers are throwing money at him to reap bigger harvests.’
      • ‘Indian theatre has produced harvests in many languages.’
      • ‘They reaped a rich harvest in the middle third during the first half, but their opponents had the cushion of Gooch's moment of magic.’
      • ‘The US invented basketball, and are now reaping its harvest.’
      • ‘I suspect Dr. Colbert has reaped a healthy harvest from the sale of these best-selling books.’
      • ‘But Redhefer seems to be reaping a rich harvest from the public deception.’
      • ‘I am doubly sure, between Levy and Sylvia, something will be done to that effect, which could just produce a bumper harvest of votes for both, next year.’
      • ‘Inflation, shortages, and declining production were the harvest of five years of perestroika and glasnost.’
      • ‘And so, once again, the Democrats reaped the bitter harvest of their own pallor and incompetence.’
      • ‘The paradox is that a search for a unifying center fails, but it has produced a harvest of insights into the riches of the Bible.’
      • ‘The futile effort to ‘eradicate’ marijuana has produced a harvest of misery.’
      • ‘Curiosity about fundamental biological mechanisms has yielded a rich harvest of useful knowledge.’
      return, result, fruits
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Gather (a crop) as a harvest.

    ‘after harvesting, most of the crop is stored in large buildings’
    • ‘Crops were harvested twice, roughly 10 days apart, and an average of the two harvests was taken.’
    • ‘Planted in November, the onions are harvested from April through mid-June.’
    • ‘The harvest crew had been paid to harvest crops that went unsold in rain swept farmers' markets.’
    • ‘The gardens are starting to look bare as the last of the root crops are harvested, and the still green cover crops are filling in the beds.’
    • ‘Each year, 17 million pounds of moss is harvested for sale in florist and craft stores across the nation.’
    • ‘The coffee beans in a shade-grown brand are harvested under a canopy of trees.’
    • ‘In the United Stares, some of the 2002 grape crop was not harvested because of low prices.’
    • ‘So many fields have changed colour, almost overnight due to the large numbers of farmers being able to harvest the silage crop in record time.’
    • ‘More than 3,50,000 hectares of land are harvested and nearly 3.5 million people will be engaged in full-time tobacco manufacture.’
    • ‘The machines in the foreground are harvesting beans while the ones in back are preparing the ground for corn planting.’
    • ‘With one hand free, they harvested coconuts and emptied rubber-tree bowls.’
    • ‘These farmers, for instance, are harvesting onions.’
    • ‘The trees in commercial production are harvested with trunk or limb shakers that literally shake the nuts off the tree to be collected by various means.’
    • ‘Each year woman, children and even competing small farmers are forced to harvest the crop on big collective farms.’
    • ‘On our farm, we needed drying bins for when the corn or soybeans were harvested wet.’
    • ‘It cannot be long before the sweet corn is harvested.’
    • ‘The pharma corn was harvested along with the soybeans and sent to a grain elevator in Aurora, Nebraska, where it was mixed in with 500,000 bushels.’
    • ‘By then, the trees have usually grown so tall that their uppermost fruit may be beyond the reach of the picking poles that workers use to harvest the crop.’
    • ‘Centuries ago when farmers planted and harvested their crops, they knew little about the science involved.’
    • ‘It looks like some beans are thinking about turning color; others - planted after peas were harvested - are just flowering now.’
    gather in, gather, bring in, take in
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    1. 1.1 Catch or kill (animals) for human consumption.
      ‘the quantity of squid harvested has risen’
      • ‘So the International Whaling Commission was formed in order to place limits on the number of whales which could be harvested each year.’
      • ‘If you keep harvesting the wildlife turtles, you'll have not enough numbers.’
      • ‘The solution, even for Birgit and Jurgen who have spent half a lifetime with the animals, is to harvest them for their meat.’
      • ‘I will even eat the strange species of fish which are being harvested in the southern hemisphere and offered as an alternative to our cod and haddock.’
      • ‘My unprofessional opinion of these techniques of harvesting the eels is that it has made a dent in the eel population.’
      • ‘Shrimp, crab, and a variety of fish are harvested from the ocean.’
      • ‘Without this support relocated insects would soon be harvested, providing a very expensive meal for a few people.’
      • ‘Two of the species to be harvested in larger quantities are considered endangered.’
      • ‘Nearly all of those sharks are harvested by Spanish fishing fleets, whose other traditional commercial fish species have declined.’
      • ‘Wormers must now record their daily haul, and they are required to harvest the worms on a rotational basis, leaving some beaches to lie fallow for a season.’
      • ‘Could we conceivably ever get to a stage where we would have to harvest and eat other humans to get by?’
      • ‘There are several hundred species of shark, but only a handful of these are harvested for food.’
      • ‘The Anishinabe nation depends on the land, eating and harvesting the animals and fish as they have for thousands of years.’
      • ‘This South Wales operation uses hand-raking and sieving to harvest the molluscs.’
      • ‘They have the right to harvest one whale every two years.’
      • ‘Here they reach 3 or 4kg and become the most sought-after of the Pacific salmon, actively harvested by both commercial and sports fisheries.’
      • ‘In this case the market demand exceeds the supply and some of the harvesters now travel 200 Km to harvest the bugs.’
      • ‘Walleye pollock, more than half of all Bering bottom fish, are harvested in the world's largest single species fishery.’
      • ‘This new decision replaces the 2001 Bird Protection Act, which set limits on when the birds can be harvested.’
      • ‘The bulk of the domestic shrimp catch is harvested by trawlers in the Gulf of Mexico.’
    2. 1.2 Remove (cells, tissue, or an organ) from a person or animal for experiment or transplant.
      • ‘In gene therapy, orthopedic surgeons harvest cells from a patient, modify them and return them to a particular area of the body.’
      • ‘Mycelial tissue was harvested, lyophilized, submerged in liquid nitrogen and ground into a powder.’
      • ‘If you believe that allowing the diseases that can be cured by stem cells harvested from zygotes is the greater evil, then support research.’
      • ‘However, the process is controversial because many stem cells are harvested from discarded embryos.’
      • ‘Stem cells are harvested from bone marrow, umbilical cords, the brain and spinal cord and other tissues.’
      • ‘What's much safer is an autologous transplant where a person's own stem cells are harvested either from their blood or bone marrow.’
      • ‘Stem cells usually are harvested after three to five days from a blastocyst - an early stage of development before implantation in the uterus.’
      • ‘The mouse lymphoma cells were treated for 4 or 24 h and the cells were harvested for RNA isolation at the end of the treatment.’
      • ‘Twenty-four hours after transfection, the cells were harvested and the plasmid DNA recovered.’
      • ‘The stem cells were harvested from the patient's own bone marrow and injected into the ventricle.’
      • ‘New alternatives, which are currently experimental, include harvesting stem cells from umbilical cord blood or placentas of new born babies.’
      • ‘As recently as last month, a Gallup poll found that most Americans opposed both cloning for reproductive purposes and research cloning performed to harvest stem cells from human embryos.’
      • ‘The cloned cells were harvested, expanded in culture, and transferred to three-dimensional molds.’
      • ‘In one experiment scientists harvested a subpopulation of non-trophoblastic placental cells, grew them up, and seeded them on to a polymer scaffold.’
      • ‘She is particularly interested in learning how other labs increased their success rate harvesting stem cells from early embryos.’
      • ‘Researchers funded by government money could not harvest any more stem cell lines from embryos, but they could use those cell lines that had already been made.’
      • ‘Most organs for transplant are harvested from brain-dead cadavers, although a few come from living donors.’
      • ‘Stem cells would be harvested from the blastocyst and transformed into the desired tissues for transplant.’
      • ‘For some experiments, tissue was harvested from tissue-culture plants.’
      • ‘To harvest stem cells for medical use an embryo would need to reach a minimum of 64 cells.’
    3. 1.3 Collect or obtain (a resource) for future use.
      ‘the research teams are leading the way in identifying new ways of harvesting the sun's energy’
      • ‘The capsule held billions of charged atoms - a total haul no bigger than a few grains of salt - that were harvested from solar wind on five collecting disks during the 884-day, $260-million mission.’
      • ‘Another substance that potentially can be harvested from the Moon is oxygen.’
      • ‘Natalie hires the three kids to harvest copper wire from telephone poles in clandestine raids.’
      • ‘This hydrogen could be harvested and used for propellants or combined with oxygen to make water.’
      • ‘Green buildings can harvest energy from the sun with 20 % of their energy requirement coming from solar cells.’
      • ‘Only a failure of public and private investment leaves the country (and the world) unable to harvest renewable energy efficiently.’
      • ‘It is often assumed that the resource can be harvested up to a certain level without depleting it.’
      • ‘The floating pads, created for a Princeton architecture school thesis, harvest the energy of waves.’
      • ‘That could make consumer-friendly computers running on harvested energy workable.’
      • ‘Plants and bacteria have been harvesting solar energy and converting it into chemical forms of energy through a process known as (I'm guessing you've heard of it) photosynthesis for, um, a really long time.’
      • ‘Environmentally friendly features of the armory include a water catchment system to harvest rainwater for use in art features and plumbing, onsite electrical generation through a natural-gas fired microturbine, and fuel cells, daylighting, and natural ventilation to reduce dependence on air conditioning.’
      • ‘If ice does exist there, it could be harvested and used for drinking water or broken down into hydrogen and oxygen.’
      • ‘The resin harvested from the trees made eco-friendly turpentine, replacing imported petroleum-based products.’
      • ‘Worldwide, 1.5 million kilograms of coral are harvested annually.’
      • ‘There is an abundance of energy waiting to be harvested from oceans around the world.’
      • ‘A government grant - that is, public money harvested from all of us - of more than £47m was given to economically deprived east Brighton three years ago, to "revitalise" the area.’
      • ‘The power supply would be harvested by solar panels, housed on a lunar orbiting power station.’
      • ‘Its soil contains raw materials that might be harvested and processed into rocket fuel or breathable air.’

Origin

Old English hærfest ‘autumn’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch herfst and German Herbst, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin carpere ‘pluck’ and Greek karpos ‘fruit’.

Pronunciation

harvest

/ˈhɑːvɪst/