One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
(in South Asia) a closure of shops and offices as a protest or a mark of sorrow.‘the town observed a complete hartal’mass noun ‘the valley was paralysed by hartal or curfews’
demonstration, march, protest march, peace camp, rally, sit-in, human chain, occupation, sleep-in, dirty protest, write-in, non-cooperationView synonyms
- ‘On February 15, the opposition alliance called a three-day hartal - street protests combined with strikes.’
- ‘In defiance of their trade unions, the workers were striking for improved working conditions and the release of a co-worker arrested for campaigning for a hartal (strike and shop closures).’
- ‘The next day, the LTTE and other Tamil parties called a hartal [strike and shop closures] throughout the north and east of the island which lasted for four days.’
- ‘Thus the Awami League spent most of its efforts after the 1991 election in mobilizing drives against the BNP government, mobilizing successive confrontations, parliamentary boycotts, and hartals (general shutdowns of all activity).’
- ‘Since then there have been nine major strikes and hartals [the closure of shops and businesses] against government policies.’
From Hindi haṛtāl, haṭtāl, literally ‘locking of shops’, from Sanskrit haṭṭa ‘market’ + Hindi tāla ‘lock’.
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