Definition of hardwood in English:



mass noun
  • 1The wood from a broadleaved tree (such as oak, ash, or beech) as distinguished from that of conifers.

    ‘all hardwood should be treated with stain preservative’
    count noun ‘their import of tropical hardwoods’
    • ‘The relative merits of hardwood and softwoods are covered in depth with regard to local availability, strength, moisture content and durability.’
    • ‘The two basic categories of wood used most often in wood working projects are hardwood and softwood.’
    • ‘During two time periods the hardwood cultivated sites had much higher net N mineralization rates than all other sites.’
    • ‘When selecting your decking planks, always check that the timbers are either hardwood or pressure treated softwood.’
    • ‘The wood engraver uses a hardwood, generally box, sawn across the grain of the wood and highly polished.’
    • ‘The two basic categories of wood are hardwood and softwood.’
    • ‘Fortunately, the building material used then was hardwood and it has survived well, especially given the severities of the tropical climate.’
    • ‘The rooves are made of temperate hardwood which is widely believed to be more environmentally friendly than tropical hardwood.’
    • ‘But I no longer have to turn around every 90 seconds to see if she's rolled off the rug, pulled her socks off and is face down on the hardwood.’
    • ‘After considering cork and stone floor tiles, we decided to extend the hardwood of the dining area into the kitchen for continuity and a look that made the kitchen seem more like a living space.’
    • ‘The best decking is made of hardwood or pressure-treated softwood.’
    • ‘Timber windows are surging in popularity, both in tropical hardwoods and pressure treated softwoods like pine and larch.’
    • ‘Even bedrooms are being tiled, though usually with radiant floor heat to take off the chill in winter, but more often with hardwood or engineered wood and area rugs.’
    • ‘Or should it be grey, because there's a little strip running along the edge of the tile where it meets the hardwood, and you know, grey and brushed chrome are kinda part of the same family.’
    • ‘Units in the development feature oil-fired central heating, teak hardwood front doors and tongue-and-groove white deal flooring upstairs.’
    • ‘If you use charcoal, buy products made from hardwood because soft woods burn at higher temperatures.’
    • ‘How many pistols used grips made of walnut is not known, but at some point, the hardwood used was light in color, and the grips were blackened using a paint-like stain.’
    • ‘At the custom level, tropical hardwoods such as teak and mahogany doors are also possible.’
    • ‘Wood benches made from hardwood such as teak, redwood, mahogany, or cedar can stay outside year-round.’
    • ‘Some of it will just peel off without damaging the original finish on the hardwood.’
    • ‘The concrete walls are largely unadorned, but in places are tinted dull pink or blue and clad in horizontal slats of dark tropical hardwood.’
    1. 1.1count noun A broadleaved tree that produces hardwood.
      ‘the land isn't fertile enough for hardwoods’
      as modifier ‘hardwood forests’
      • ‘He described four principal forest types: upland pines, upland pine-hardwood, upland hardwood, and bottomland hardwood.’
      • ‘Since plant communities could influence soil processes, the plots were stratified into two broad vegetation classes: conifer and hardwood.’
      • ‘The champion bluegum may be the biggest naturalized tree and the biggest hardwood in America, but for many, it's also the biggest weed.’
      • ‘Ten plots each were placed in bottomland hardwood, upland hardwood, and stands clearcut in 1993.’
      • ‘There are fragrant conifer forests, rich stands of hardwoods and rolling oak savannahs, pierced by glittering rivers.’
      • ‘Two years postburn, we found a significant reduction in subcanopy cover of oaks (but not of other subcanopy hardwoods) and in the shrub cover of scrubby oaks, other hardwoods and palmettos.’
      • ‘Kenegy owns a small mill and, with the hardwood he selectively harvests, produces high-quality furniture stock.’
      • ‘The whole centre of the space has been covered by a low and most elegantly detailed platform of lpe, a sustainable tropical hardwood, which is highly resistant to rot and wear.’
      • ‘Bangalore's Conservator of Forests V. Rangaswamy says Mahogany are hardwood trees and deep-rooted and hence, they withstand the strongest winds.’
      • ‘Despite its superior strength, teak wood is not too heavy, making export of the hardwood popular.’
      • ‘Modern Metasequoia has relatively low-density wood compared with other temperate conifer and hardwood species.’
      • ‘Myers estimated that logging for tropical hardwoods such as ebony and mahogany was causing the elimination of about 20,000 square miles of tropical forests per year.’
      • ‘Soil nutrients and nitrification appeared to vary more by land use in hardwood stands than in conifer stands.’
      • ‘The spotlight falls on mahogany this week with news of the first worldwide agreement to ban the international trade of the endangered tropical hardwood.’
      • ‘The rolling hills of northern Wisconsin's glacial kettle moraine are densely forested with hardwoods, birch and aspen and pitted with potholes and lakes.’
      • ‘Tropical hardwood is the usual material for piers and jetties and its use for such a scheme would be against the council's environmental charter.’
      • ‘The Embera Indians produce basketry of very high quality, as well as wood carvings in tropical hardwoods.’
      • ‘Rich hardwoods of myrtle, blackwood, sassafras and Huon pine mingle with common eucalypts.’
      • ‘Lime trees are a hardwood tree, and limewood's particular structural character lends itself well to carving, allowing tools to be used both along the grain and to some extent axially.’
      • ‘The mushroom business has proven a perfect complement to her tree nursery, which contains a collection of native hardwoods such as oak, ash and holly.’
      • ‘In some areas, Barley says, the beetle kill has caused a conversion from a mixed conifer forest to one dominated by hardwoods, most notably oaks.’
      • ‘Increasingly, all PEI contractors are moving into mixed hardwood / softwood stands as the old field white spruce stands become scarcer.’
      • ‘The breadfruit trees, cycads and tall hardwoods of that forest hide hornbills, sea eagles and monkeys.’
      • ‘Although nitrification was detected for at least one time period in all sites, substantial nitrification occurred only in the hardwood cultivated sites.’
      • ‘Its highest peak scrapes 8,749 feet into the Chihuahuan Desert sky and snags 21 inches of rain a year, enough to nourish these unlikely forests of firs and hardwoods.’
      • ‘These two species survive as relict populations in the mountains of eastern Mexico, sometimes in high elevation conifer stands but also in stands at mid-elevation that include hardwood trees.’
      • ‘The trees are bigger, of course: We see several specimens of roble, a prized hardwood, that might be a few centuries old.’
      • ‘Resident species that we expected to forage preferentially on either longleaf pines or hardwoods during the breeding season continued to do so during the winter.’
      • ‘For example, balsa wood is one of the lightest, least dense woods there is, and it's considered a hardwood.’
      • ‘Most conifers and a few hardwoods, such as sweetgum and tuliptree, have excurrent forms.’
      • ‘In Washington, they use three main types of habitat: forested riversides with large cottonwoods and other hardwoods, Ponderosa pine forests, especially at the lower edge of the tree line, and Garry oak stands.’
      • ‘Prakosa added that the Malaysians should not deny the report as there was solid evidence of the activities of receiving illegal ramin hardwood from Indonesia.’
      • ‘French Guiana's economy relies on the export of tropical hardwood and valuable seafood such as shrimp.’
      • ‘‘The larger feed wheels work better in crooked trees, especially hardwood, and the maintenance costs are lower,’ he explains.’
      • ‘Indonesia banned in 2001 the sale of ramin, a blond tropical hardwood, and registered it under CITES Appendix 3 to curb the illegal trade.’
      • ‘Carved from a dense forest of hardwoods and pines in the southwest Richmond, Va., suburb of Manakin-Sabot, most of Kinloch's holes are unusually broad.’
      • ‘On an exceptionally warm fall day, my wife and I went for a walk at a nature preserve, a mixed area of open sphagnum bogs and glacially derived sand dunes, now overgrown with white pine and hardwoods.’
      • ‘Over the years plantations have been established in areas that were once covered in indigenous hardwood like yellow wood, ironwood and red pear trees.’
      • ‘Testing of the fungus on several economically important hardwood and softwood trees showed no harmful effects.’
      • ‘During the storms of January 7-8, more than 500,000 trees were blown down across Cumbria, including hardwoods, such as oaks, birch, beech and sycamore.’
  • 2(in gardening) mature growth on shrubs and other plants.

    as modifier ‘hardwood cuttings are usually taken in winter’
    • ‘This method still applies to hardwood cuttings of deciduous plants.’
    • ‘Jostaberries are easily propagated by hardwood stem cuttings.’
    • ‘Winter may not seem like the best time for gardening, but it's actually an excellent time to propagate plants from hardwood or root cuttings.’
    • ‘Instead of throwing the buddleia, rose or other prunings away use them as hardwood cuttings and plant in a trench in a sheltered part of the garden.’
    • ‘When using the second method for rooting hardwood cuttings of deciduous plants you do everything exactly the same as you do with method number one, up to the point where you bury them for the winter.’