A European fern of heathy places, which has long, narrow leathery fronds consisting of a row of thin lobes on each side of the stem.
- ‘Navelwort, mosses and hard ferns grow on the ‘ditches’, the word use in Ireland for field walls.’
- ‘At these latter sites, bilberry, greater wood-rush and hard fern are found, again provided there is no grazing.’
- ‘Succulent pennywort grows in banks and up tree trunks, and wintergreen hard ferns are prolific in stonewalls.’
- ‘The hard fern is one of the few plants which remain green throughout the winter.’
- ‘In addition to the fir trees there are rowan, macrocarpa, eucalyptus and larch, and some native plants such as hard fern, matagouri, tussock, manuka, coprosma, and dracophyllum (the grass tree).’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.