One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A European fern of heathy places, which has long, narrow leathery fronds consisting of a row of thin lobes on each side of the stem.
Blechnum spicant, family Blechnaceae
- ‘Navelwort, mosses and hard ferns grow on the ‘ditches’, the word use in Ireland for field walls.’
- ‘Succulent pennywort grows in banks and up tree trunks, and wintergreen hard ferns are prolific in stonewalls.’
- ‘At these latter sites, bilberry, greater wood-rush and hard fern are found, again provided there is no grazing.’
- ‘In addition to the fir trees there are rowan, macrocarpa, eucalyptus and larch, and some native plants such as hard fern, matagouri, tussock, manuka, coprosma, and dracophyllum (the grass tree).’
- ‘The hard fern is one of the few plants which remain green throughout the winter.’
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