One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1(of a cell or nucleus) having a single set of unpaired chromosomes.Compare with diploid
- ‘Each basidiospore contains a recombinant haploid nucleus, the product of meiosis.’
- ‘The number of linkage groups resolved agrees well with the cytologically determined haploid chromosome number of 21.’
- ‘The computer keeps track of each mutation's position and deleterious effect on a single haploid chromosome for each individual.’
- ‘Two of them are seen in a single haploid nucleus.’
- ‘The FB-MOs, mitochondria, and haploid nuclei all segregate into budding spermatids and eventually occupy most of the cytoplasmic space.’
- 1.1 (of an organism or part) composed of haploid cells.‘in mosses, the conspicuous leafy structures are haploid’
- ‘Two of the haploid plants generated from Fuyu 3xWMR 29 crosses were susceptible to races 1, 6, and 7.’
- ‘They differ from the ‘green algae’ in that the young sporophyte - or diploid plant - begins its development within the tissues of its parent gametophyte - or haploid plant.’
- ‘Due to the colchicine-induced or spontaneous process of chromosome doubling that takes place during the early stages of embryo development, fertile double haploid plants can be easily regenerated within a short period of time.’
- ‘Most of the remaining plants regenerated are sterile haploid plants while a few partially sterile plants could be polyploid or aneuploid.’
- ‘We conclude that Dempster's 1955 discrete-time model is irrelevant to the vast majority of haploid species subject to density-dependent population regulation.’
A haploid organism or cell.
- ‘The next two sections illustrate how to do this by carrying out the calculations for autosomal genes in dioecious haploids and for autosomal, sex-linked, and cytoplasmic genes in diploids.’
- ‘This is likely to be the null phenotype for pob3 mutants since we observed a similar accumulation of cells after germination of haploids carrying a deletion of POB3.’
- ‘The number of recombinants and total cells for haploids was corrected to reflect the entire culture.’
- ‘First, tetraploids continue to bud in stationary phase, whereas haploids arrest as unbudded cells.’
- ‘Meiosis is the program used by sexually reproducing organisms to produce haploids from diploid precursors.’
Early 20th century: from Greek haploos ‘single’ + -oid.
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