Definition of hammer beam in English:

hammer beam


  • A short wooden beam (typically carved) projecting from a wall to support either a principal rafter or one end of an arch.

    as modifier ‘the great oak hammer beam roof’
    • ‘Richard built the magnificent hammer beam roof for the hall, which can be seen to this day.’
    • ‘But, unlike Brunel's Paddington Station of twelve years later, the primary material at Bristol is timber, not iron, and all is conceived as a vast, medieval hammer-beam roof.’
    • ‘In the process, the various components acquired names according to their place in this system - king post, hammer beam, purlin, sill, and so forth - names that are still used today.’
    • ‘The great hall, with its hammer-beam roof, has an exterior rebuilt, possibly by Wren, after destruction during the Commonwealth.’
    • ‘Beneath the building's imposing 600-year-old hammer-beam roof, at the foot of steps leading down into the hall, two paths have been constructed this week to guide people through.’
    joist, purlin, girder, spar, support, strut, stay, brace, scantling, batten, transom, lintel, stringer, baulk, board, timber, plank, lath, rafter
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