Definition of haemorrhage in English:


(US hemorrhage)


  • 1An escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel.

    ‘a massive haemorrhage of the brain’
    • ‘In rats with stroke risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, or advanced age, a single dose of a substance found in bacteria can provoke inflammation that leads to a blood clot or a blood vessel hemorrhage.’
    • ‘Although many factors have been linked to preterm delivery, including infection, fetal abnormality and antepartum hemorrhage, no specific cause can be identified in more than one half of all cases.’
    • ‘She has no evidence of malignancy, inflammatory disease, hemorrhage, or chronic infection.’
    • ‘Serious reactions to large doses of epinephrine may result in a rapid rise in blood pressure, ventricular arrhythmias, cerebral hemorrhage, and angina.’
    • ‘We report two cases of splenic rupture causing life threatening haemorrhage.’
    • ‘Massive gastric hemorrhage was described in the preliminary autopsy report, but was omitted in the final report, which listed severe coronary artery disease as the cause of death.’
    • ‘Patients were defined as having the pulmonary hemorrhage or infarction syndrome it they had hemoptysis, pleuritic pain, or atelectasis or parenchymal abnormality on the chest radiograph.’
    • ‘Subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm is a catastrophic event usually treated by craniotomy with clipping of the aneurysm.’
    • ‘A large pseudocyst that ruptures, becomes infected, or hemorrhages requires drainage of the cyst cavity.’
    • ‘Other reasons for exclusion were dementia, hemorrhage, pregnancy, asthma, chronic lung disease and any contraindication to either of the study medications.’
    • ‘A spontaneous subconjunctival hemorrhage could indicate high blood pressure, diabetes, or bleeding disorders but more commonly results from reduced lubrication in the eye.’
    • ‘A less common source of hemorrhage is the rupture of an aneurysm of traumatic or infectious origin or rupture of an arteriovenous malformation.’
    • ‘A common misunderstanding is that patients with massive pulmonary hemorrhage must have hemoptysis.’
    • ‘If the spleen is enlarged, your child may be prohibited from playing contact sports because of the risk of rupture and hemorrhage.’
    • ‘These tumors are highly aggressive, with most deaths related to hepatic failure, massive hemorrhage, or metastatic disease.’
    • ‘One patient had liver failure and had a massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage.’
    • ‘Delay in diagnosis increases the risk of rupture, intra-abdominal hemorrhage, blood transfusion, need for operative intervention and death.’
    • ‘If they rupture it can cause a haemorrhage, an escape of blood within the brain.’
    • ‘Her general practitioner diagnosed a subarachnoid haemorrhage, which was confirmed by computed tomography.’
    • ‘A 72 year old woman undergoing laparotomy for a large gastrointestinal haemorrhage required a blood transfusion and clotting factors.’
    1. 1.1 A damaging loss of valuable people or resources.
      ‘a haemorrhage of highly qualified teachers’
      • ‘Focal hemorrhage and loss of architectural integrity were apparent.’
      • ‘The US industry has had a dramatic collapse in confidence and performance resulting in a haemorrhage of jobs, but the greatest impact of this has been on the US market.’
      • ‘So perhaps this is just what our comprehensives need, an effective way to staunch the haemorrhage of middle-class children from the state sector while generally improving standards for everyone.’
      • ‘The trend is a serious economic flaw because it has resulted in financial haemorrhage not to mention the serious loss of business to local insurance firms.’


[no object]
  • 1(of a person) suffer a haemorrhage.

    ‘he had begun haemorrhaging in the night’
    • ‘By the time she reached the bathroom she was hemorrhaging and the cramps had overtaken her so that he had to grab her before she fell.’
    • ‘Blood bubbled on his lips as it he began to haemorrhage from his chest.’
    • ‘Although he suffered further when his leg haemorrhaged, the operation so far seems to have been successful.’
    • ‘His circulatory system began to malfunction, parts of body began to haemorrhage, and clots formed in his feet and hands.’
    • ‘It was her first child and she had no medical treatment and had been haemorrhaging badly as a result of the birth.’
    • ‘Let me tell members about a case that happened in my own town, where parents woke up in the middle of the night to discover that their teenage girl was haemorrhaging in her bed.’
    • ‘When her lungs began haemorrhaging, she was given up for dead.’
    • ‘In April 1955, my mother began to hemorrhage while giving birth.’
    • ‘I met Kathy one afternoon when she presented in the emergency room hemorrhaging from her lungs.’
    • ‘I'd hemorrhaged my way the entire length of the hole.’
    • ‘One Rosh Hashana, a woman began to hemorrhage badly during child birth.’
    • ‘She stabilized for a time, but in the evening began hemorrhaging again.’
    • ‘Our eyes are so bloodshot they've hemorrhaged.’
    • ‘There are these gelatin capsules of fake blood, you put them in your mouth and bite down on them, and then when you open your mouth, it looks like you're hemorrhaging from the mouth.’
    • ‘However, by 27 October she was in hospital and the baby, which was at full term, was at considerable risk because the placenta was haemorrhaging.’
    • ‘If enough Labour voters haemorrhage away, if the left is divided enough, the Tories can grab this election with a minority of the vote.’
    • ‘But a few days later she was hemorrhaging and by the month's end, after weeks of fevers and sickness, the lady of the manor was dead.’
    • ‘He found the blood vessels in her arm had hemorrhaged, and blood had collected around her median nerve, causing severe and permanent injury to her arm.’
    • ‘Large doses of clover or sweet clover, for instance, may cause drastic side effects such as hemorrhaging.’
    • ‘Young men were haemorrhaging out of Ireland in the hope of greener pastures across the channel, while women left for the cities in hope of a better education.’
    lose blood
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object Lose or expend large amounts of (something valuable) in a seemingly uncontrollable way.
      ‘the business was haemorrhaging cash’
      • ‘Yet, the economy has continued to hemorrhage jobs.’
      • ‘Talking about the investment in the new main stand, the increased capacity, and the scope for making money rather than just haemorrhaging it, he insisted his family are in it for the long haul.’
      • ‘The U.S. scientific and engineering enterprise is hemorrhaging talent into other areas at a time when it claims that it can't find workers to fill jobs.’
      • ‘All of these sites were haemorrhaging money, and started talking up movie projects as a way of sustaining their venture capital.’
      • ‘He was also correct when he said what had previously been thought of as the mainstay industries for the town are now either haemorrhaging jobs or shutting down completely.’
      • ‘I have managed to spend all five weeks of the Easter vacation not studying, and haemorrhaging money.’
      • ‘The majority of the firms are turning profits, they pointed out, unlike all those Web sites that went public in the late 1990s and hemorrhaged money.’
      • ‘The operation's international impact was immense as aerial photographs of the shattered dams haemorrhaging millions of tons of water were flashed around the world.’
      • ‘And the United States has been hemorrhaging manufacturing jobs.’
      • ‘On the pitch, at least, they have stopped haemorrhaging goals and started smashing some in.’
      • ‘With an election only five months away, Labour cannot afford to be haemorrhaging votes like this in supposedly safe seats.’
      • ‘Furthermore, the mortgage banks, whose rates are typically 0.5% higher than those of unreconstructed building societies, have been haemorrhaging customers.’
      • ‘‘Staff are not to blame for the rostering system which is haemorrhaging money from the capital budget,’ he said.’
      • ‘She says those collections won't resume until the city can figure out how to do so without hemorrhaging taxpayer cash.’
      • ‘What we are witnessing is the Labour Party haemorrhaging its traditional left-wing support towards the Liberal Democrats.’
      • ‘The number two airline has been hemorrhaging red ink, losing $4 billion the past two years.’
      • ‘The American film industry has a surplus balance of trade with every single country in the world when America itself is hemorrhaging trade deficits.’
      • ‘Moreover, the area was haemorrhaging businesses and had been designated by the European Commission as an area of need.’
      • ‘Britain's biggest mortgage lender was haemorrhaging customers, unable to even compete in its own core market.’
      • ‘Some believe the Midwest is the real battleground for 2004, with every industrial state in the region haemorrhaging jobs.’


Late 17th century (as a noun): alteration of obsolete haemorrhagy, via Latin from Greek haimorrhagia, from haima ‘blood’ + the stem of rhēgnunai ‘burst’.