Definition of gum arabic in English:

gum arabic


  • [mass noun] A gum exuded by some kinds of acacia, used in the food industry and in glue and incense.

    • ‘The stone is then treated with a solution of gum arabic and small quantities of nitric acid, through a process called ‘etching’.’
    • ‘Its five grams of fiber are substantial, but health experts recommend getting fiber from foods like fruits and vegetables, not a drink thickened with gum arabic and pectin.’
    • ‘In confectionery, glazes and artificial whipped creams, gum arabic keeps flavor oils and fats uniformly distributed, retards crystallization of sugar, thickens chewing gums and jellies, and gives soft candies a desirable mouth feel.’
    • ‘Many acacias exude gums, of which the best known is gum arabic, extracted from incisions in the bark of A. senegal.’
    • ‘Examples of natural polymers derived from plants are gum arabic and starch, while protein polymers from animal sources include casein from milk, gelatin, and albumin from egg-whites.’
    • ‘The pen, shembako, is made of bamboo; the ink is a mixture of ash, gum arabic, water, and roasted barley or sorghum; and the inkwell is of cowhorn.’
    • ‘Add the cinnamon, butter, gum arabic, and orange flower water.’
    • ‘In a medium saucepan over medium heat, bring the chicken, onions, cilantro, saffron, cinnamon, butter, oil, gum arabic, and water to a boil.’
    • ‘Add the squab, onions, parsley, saffron, cinnamon, ginger, and gum arabic and sauté until golden brown.’
    • ‘It also endorsed the current north-south borders, which ‘shifted’ to the north areas rich in oil, copper, and gum arabic.’
    • ‘Another method was to allow the powder to sediment out of a viscous solution of gum arabic, leaving only the very finest particles in suspension.’
    • ‘The region as a whole not only can be self-sufficient but can produce surplus for export in livestock, dairy products, fruits and vegetables, oil seeds, gum arabic, cotton, coffee, oil, copper, and other resources.’
    • ‘He went on to propose that the colors were ‘neutral earth colors’ and that cherry tree gum or gum arabic may be responsible for the glossiness of some of the colors.’
    • ‘Livestock, sesame, groundnuts, oil, and gum arabic also are exported.’
    • ‘His tools were quill pens cut from large feathers, and ink made from oak galls, iron, and gum arabic, often with a colorant such as logwood added to the initially pale ink.’
    • ‘A solution of pigment, gum arabic and potassium bichromate is coated on paper and dried.’
    • ‘Watercolour is a pigment for which water and not oil is used as a medium and gum arabic is employed as a binder.’
    • ‘Further north are areas covered with acacia bushes, the source of gum arabic.’
    • ‘The stone was washed with weak acid, wiped with gum arabic and then with water.’
    • ‘For the milk, in a medium saucepan over medium heat, bring the milk and gum arabic to a simmer and maintain the heat for 10 minutes or until the mixture becomes thick.’