Definition of Guarani in English:



  • 1A member of a South American people of Paraguay and adjacent regions.

    • ‘Last year I was one such person, who as part of a 10-month journey through South America travelled to the former Jesuit mission towns of the Chiquitos Indians in Bolivia, and those of the Guarani in Paraguay and Argentina.’
    • ‘On the one hand, many Guarani became victims of disease, enslavement, harsh labour, and displacement.’
    • ‘Since the natural habitat of this plant is in northeastern Paraguay near the Brazilian border, certain Native Americans of the region, particularly the Guarani, were the first to take advantage of its sweet properties.’
    • ‘Along with the descendants of the colonial Spanish, Bolivia is home to diverse ethnic groups of pre-Hispanic origin, such as Quechua, Aimara, Chiquitano and Guarani among others.’
    • ‘Although the Guarani gave women to the Spanish to cement their alliance, the Spanish took many more women, as well as food and other goods, by force.’
  • 2mass noun The language of the Guarani, which has over 3 million speakers. It is one of the main divisions of the Tupi-Guarani language family and is a national language of Paraguay.

    • ‘So where I live now, there are no indigenous, but there's a racially mixed population which still speaks Guarani as its language, though they have Spanish surnames.’
    • ‘Quechua was mainly used in northwestern and central provinces, while Guarani was mainly spoken in the northeast.’
    • ‘Continuing to speak Guarani, the native language, is the way Paraguayans distinguish themselves from the rest of South America.’
    • ‘More than 90 percent of the population is of mixed descent and most speak Guarani as well as Spanish.’
    • ‘Normally at home do you speak Spanish or Guarani?’
    • ‘In rural areas and among the lower social classes, Guarani is the dominant language.’
    • ‘In Paraguay, official status is shared with Guarani, and in Peru, with Quechua, both Amerindian languages.’
    • ‘The language of the missions was Guarani and the Jesuits fostered a degree of literacy in the native tongue.’
    • ‘I don't think I've ever read anything in Catalan about native American languages so I can't say for sure that Guarani isn't called Tupi-Guarani in Catalan, but I doubt it.’
  • 3The basic monetary unit of Paraguay, equal to 100 centimos.

    • ‘It is demanding a wage schedule that pays a minimum of 972,000 guaranis.’
    • ‘Paraguay's currency is the guarani, with an exchange rate of approximately 3500 guaranis to one U.S. dollar in 1999.’


  • Relating to the Guarani or their language.

    • ‘Massive exploitation and near-slavery of the local Guarani population led to their abandonment of the missions, and the temporary end of yerba mate as a plantation crop.’
    • ‘Many people in the region are said to be worried that the US's real interest lies in the enormous Guarani aquifer and the large oil reserves in the region.’
    • ‘Another remarkable aspect of the film is its decision to cast the Waunana tribe of Colombia as the Guarani people embraced by the Jesuits.’
    • ‘But the viewer can also see the joy and richness of Guarani culture.’
    • ‘Their name, fittingly, comes from the Guarani Indian word meaning ‘great waters’.’
    • ‘The name Panama is also believed to be a Guarani Indian word meaning ‘a butterfly,’ and also signifying a mud fish, perhaps because the flaps of the mudfish resembled the wings of a butterfly.’
    • ‘Other Indian groups include the Kallawayas, the Chipayas, and the Guarani Indians.’
    • ‘It is a documentary in which various members of a Guarani community take the camera and film themselves engaged in common daily activities.’
    • ‘Rather, Indians were active participants in the creation of a flourishing and unique Guarani mission culture.’
    • ‘The only inhabitants of Uruguay before European colonization of the area were the Charrua Indians, a small tribe driven south by the Guarani Indians of Paraguay.’
    • ‘Guarani, a Tupi Guarani language and the language of eastern Paraguay's dominant precolonial indigenous population, is recognized as an official national language along with Spanish.’