One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A drought-resistant plant of the pea family, which is grown as a vegetable and fodder crop and as a source of guar gum, native to dry regions of Africa and Asia.
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, family LeguminosaeAlso called cluster bean
- ‘He said cultivation of paddy and bajra would receive a boost from the rain and added that the rain would also do good to cotton and guar crops.’
- ‘The guar, or cluster bean, provides a gum that has 8 times the thickening power of cornstarch.’
- 1.1mass noun A fine powder obtained by grinding guar seeds, which is used chiefly in the food and paper industries.
- ‘Some alternatives which produce results similar to gelatin are agar-agar, carrageenan, tapioca, sago, guar gum, pectin, and rennet.’
- ‘Soluble fibers occur in guar gum, beans, apple and grapefruit pectin, and sea vegetables.’
- ‘Evidence of guar's cholesterol benefits is now well established.’
- ‘‘Gluten free’ flour and bread are available and usually contain starch from maize or rice, with some of the elastic properties of gluten being provided by guar gum or similar substances.’
- ‘For example, guar gum has a mass of over a megadalton but it does not crosslink.’
- ‘To cook these wheat alternatives with non-glutinous ‘flours’ such as rice flour, or (my personal favourite) nut flours, you need to add a binding agent, such as an extra egg, guar gum or xantham gum.’
- ‘He took 300 kilograms of guar gum, a thickening agent found in salad dressing, and dumped it into a 25-meter swimming pool on campus.’
- ‘He now uses a separate fridge to store his soy protein and guar gum staples, stacking them neatly in rows of plastic containers.’
- ‘Agar and gelatin were tested, as was guar gum, which forms a thick hydrocolloid but does not gel.’
- ‘The use of guar gum for weight loss should be discouraged because of its lack of efficacy.’
- ‘Gums with branched chains such as the gums arabic, tragacanth, karaya (from Sterculia urens, of tropical Asia), guar, and locust bean, form tacky dispersions and in favourable conditions, strong gels.’
- ‘Other gums used to a lesser extent might include guar, xanthan and alginate.’
- ‘Psyllium, pectin and guar gum can all lower cholesterol.’
- ‘While neither sugar beet fiber nor inulin had a metabolic effect on the dogs, guar gum resulted in decreased postprandial insulin and fasting cholesterol.’
Late 19th century: from Hindi guār.
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