Definition of grid in English:

grid

noun

  • 1A framework of spaced bars that are parallel to or cross each other; a grating.

    ‘the metal grids had been pulled across the foyer’
    • ‘The only significant feature left on the premises is a strikingly tall, narrow metal grid, twisted and contorted as it faces skyward.’
    • ‘I look up, and stuck on any available space on the lighting grid are giant nets filled with balloons.’
    • ‘Metal decking grids rang under his feet when he stepped from the lift, drowning the hum as the door closed.’
    • ‘Some were trying to lift gratings and grids in an attempt to enter the sewers whilst a few attempted to break down the doors leading into the Black Tower.’
    • ‘Look down through the metal grid and you'll be faced with a gut-churning drop to the ground.’
    • ‘The discomfort underfoot was gone, the metal grids replaced by a beige floor covering softer than sand.’
    • ‘‘Some of the shafts are 360 feet deep and although those near the footpaths are fenced off and protected with metal grids, the majority which are scattered all over are not,’ he said.’
    • ‘Metal exclusion grids and escape hatches are now in use in prawn fisheries around the world to stop bigger fish being wastefully killed.’
    • ‘Simple window grids prevent falls, but still let in plenty of air & sunlight.’
    • ‘Following complaints from villagers that the sheep were marauding through their gardens, metal road grids were installed as a deterrent.’
    • ‘The grids are made from metal or vinyl in a color that matches the window's frame, giving the appearance of a traditional window.’
    • ‘The metal grid on the front panel facilitates ventilation of the device.’
    • ‘A metal grid set around the edge of the pitch diffuses faint natural light into this inner sanctum.’
    • ‘Suspended ceilings are hung from the ceiling joists with a metal grid.’
    • ‘If Ryan found himself stranded on the lower deck, he would stick his feet through the metal grid and try to unseat his smug-faced sibling from the upper bunk.’
    • ‘An armed and uniformed stranger handcuffs and takes away your parent, then places you in a police car, where you are separated from your rescuer by a metal grid.’
    • ‘The windows on the opposite wall as the doors had metal grids with openings small enough to prevent anything bigger than the open palm of a regular human from passing through.’
    • ‘The cell was empty except for a toilet in the corner, one side of the wall covered by a metal grid.’
    • ‘The floor was a mesh of metal grids that were uncomfortable to stand on.’
    • ‘The rooftop water tank is supported by a dense grid of 1m thick parallel brick walls penetrated by arches to create a series of 4m wide vaults.’
    grating, mesh, gauze, grille, grillwork, lattice, framework, network, criss-cross
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  • 2A network of lines that cross each other to form a series of squares or rectangles.

    ‘a grid of tree-lined streets’
    • ‘So we improvised, drawing a grid of squares and quickly writing one letter in each square.’
    • ‘Each page had a grid with 60 numbered squares on it.’
    • ‘The results are then tabulated in a series of checklists or grids to indicate possible or probable health effects.’
    • ‘A digital image can be regarded as a square grid of points, or pixels, with each point having a particular shade of gray.’
    • ‘Beyond the close, cleared about 1800, is a bustling city, still occupying the grid of streets laid out by the bishop's planners almost 800 years ago.’
    • ‘When it comes to layout, you can affix photos on the wall in a grid, spaced only a few inches apart from one another, or you can center a bigger piece in the middle of your wall.’
    • ‘With the chalk line, mark a grid of roughly 30-inch squares on the concrete.’
    • ‘Yet, despite the city's size and bewildering cultural mix, getting around it proves remarkably easy, with the grid of streets easily navigated by foot or subway and tram.’
    • ‘First, a single square in the grid is chosen to serve as the focal point.’
    • ‘Your characters can only move so many spaces on the grid each turn.’
    • ‘Mathematically speaking, a cross-stitch pattern is simply a rectangular grid where some of the squares in the grid are filled with colors.’
    • ‘From there, a grid of cobbled streets march off into the middle distance.’
    • ‘Maramba was laid on a rectangular grid of streets and lanes, formerly 15 blocks in all, covering an area of less than one square kilometre.’
    • ‘A series of 126x68 mm grids were placed over the transparencies.’
    • ‘From its neat grid of streets which parallel the long waterfront, a more chaotic jumble of lanes wriggle up the hillside.’
    • ‘Other than the fact that word squares and Sudoku puzzles are both arranged in square grids, they really don't have much in common.’
    • ‘Then draw a grid of larger squares on a piece of blank paper.’
    • ‘Mondrian's style of painting involved the use of strictly horizontal or vertical black lines to create a grid of rectangles, some of which were filled in with black or white, or vivid red, blue or yellow.’
    • ‘Liverpool embarked in the 1830s on a programme of squares and terraces in sober brickwork within a grid of wide streets, modelled on Dublin.’
    matrix, network, reticulation, reticulum
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    1. 2.1 A grid of regular squares on a map that are marked with numbers or letters to enable a place to be precisely located.
      • ‘The grid of longitude and latitude looks the same from either the ‘top’ or the ‘bottom’ of the world.’
      • ‘I don't call in grid coordinates of my whereabouts any more.’
      • ‘He made another important contribution in using a grid to locate positions of places on the Earth.’
      • ‘These maps and grids will enable planning for operations in the subsequent field season.’
      • ‘For example, on geographers' globes of the Earth we use a grid of latitude and longitude lines to label positions on the Earth's surface uniquely.’
      • ‘Essential tools include a bird identification field guide, a map of the airfield with a superimposed grid system for locating birds, and a pair of binoculars.’
      • ‘If photography could fix images onto a precisely calibrated grid, it could become a useful tool for mapping, the primary activity of the survey.’
    2. 2.2 A pattern of lines marking the starting places on a motor-racing track.
      ‘the 20-year-old didn't get the best of starts off the grid’
      • ‘Galway, too, has a fine venue and up to forty drivers could be lined up on the grid on the Southern circuit.’
      • ‘Juan Pablo Montoya will start from fourth on the grid with his team mate Ralf Schumacher lining up in seventh position.’
      • ‘In qualifying, Ralf Schumacher could only secure 17th place on the grid.’
      • ‘In qualifying, both BMW Williams F1 Team drivers lined up on the front row of the grid.’
      • ‘Maria de Villota was sixth on the starting grid and went off the track in the first lap.’
      • ‘Borcheller started fifth on the GTS grid and moved up to third in the first 40 minutes of the 12-hour race.’
      • ‘In contrast it was a disappointing day for Heikki, who failed to get off the grid at all after suffering a transmission problem with his Arden car.’
      • ‘Schumacher was sixth on the grid - his lowest starting position so far - and yet he won.’
      • ‘The drivers have just one lap to post a time to determine the starting grid for tomorrow's race.’
      • ‘We time how long it takes a driver to cover a quarter mile, their speed at the end of the run and their reaction time off the grid.’
      • ‘Takuma Sato made the most sensational start off the grid, stealing the limelight as he scorched his way from 7th to 4th.’
      • ‘He was third on the grid, behind Schumacher and Trulli and was running third in the first half of the race.’
      • ‘A companion rule will also allow officials to move a driver 10 places back on the grid as punishment for driving transgressions in the previous race.’
      • ‘The officials handed Tom a penalty that meant he would be put back six places on the grid after qualifying at Brands Hatch.’
      • ‘But that did not stop them qualifying first and second fastest on the starting grid for race one.’
      • ‘The drizzle had long since disappeared by the time Class 1 cars had settled themselves on the grid and the track remained completely dry throughout the night.’
      • ‘Actually, this is the first time you have won a Formula One race from fourth on the grid, for what that's worth.’
      • ‘The car was pulled off the grid when the team realised that the problem was still apparent and the car did not start.’
      • ‘‘There are 22 drivers on the grid, and we have two of the ones that aim to win,’ says Williams of his drivers.’
      • ‘And when we start losing two, three, or four teams off the back of the grid, suddenly the whole of F1 is under threat.’
    3. 2.3 A field for American football; a gridiron.
  • 3A network of cables or pipes for distributing power, especially high-voltage transmission lines for electricity.

    ‘the reactor was connected to the grid in 1985’
    • ‘I wish the president and the administration would talk more about modernizing our grid.’
    • ‘Another initiative is the creation of a 1,300 kilometre fibre trunk along the national power transmission grid.’
    • ‘The transmission grid has been improved since then, reducing chances of another outage.’
    • ‘In the short term, development experts say renewable energy systems would best help poor isolated villages without connections to electricity grids.’
    • ‘If it's tranquillity you're after, the Spanish countryside has it in abundance, though if you don't have a good water source or a connection to the electricity grid, life can become a struggle.’
    • ‘A major incident here in L.A. could shut down public infrastructure, power grids, food distribution networks, transportation arteries, and the phone lines - just to name a few.’
    • ‘But we could alternatively send wind-turbine electricity through the grid and manufacture hydrogen locally.’
    • ‘Nuclear power plants are connected to electricity grids in more than 30 countries and provide some 17% of the electricity consumed worldwide.’
    • ‘Yet the pumps all seem to have worked off the regular electrical grid with little or no local backup power.’
    • ‘The electrical power grid is also a mess.’
    • ‘Worldport's Dublin site is also connected to the national electricity grid at two places to limit the impact of power failures.’
    • ‘Such rock-solid policies ended uncertainties about whether producers could sell their electricity into the grid and at what price.’
    • ‘So connect the electricity grids of east and west and one can supply the other when its own demand is low.’
    • ‘He says the cost to upgrade the grid could run $100 billion over 10 years.’
    • ‘They also condemn the network of power plants that supply electricity to the grid.’
    • ‘I mean, the networks, the information networks behind the grid, utility by utility, they don't talk to each other.’
    • ‘As wholesale electric markets evolve, utility companies and other electric generators have greater incentive to stretch the grid to its limits to gain a competitive advantage.’
    • ‘Aerial photos of Sydney were found in his possession with writings and maps relating to the national electricity grids and other utilities.’
    • ‘And I think this is an indication of the fact that we need to modernize the electricity grid.’
    • ‘Consumers in Germany receive low-interest loans and a favorable guaranteed price when feeding excess electricity into the grid.’
    1. 3.1Computing A number of computers linked together via the Internet so that their combined power may be harnessed to work on difficult problems.
      • ‘The greatest advantage is instant communication within the grid, computer to computer and relay to relay.’
      • ‘The grid will initially link the mammogram databases of several hospitals in the UK, with the potential to include all 92 screening centres in the UK.’
      • ‘This grid links powerful computers in California, Texas, the Midwest and Pennsylvania.’
      • ‘Not long ago - just a few years - setting up computer clusters and grids was a rough job.’
      • ‘The plan is that researchers will be able to draw on the resources of the computing grid in much the same way that consumers draw electricity from a power grid.’
  • 4Electronics
    An electrode placed between the cathode and anode of a thermionic valve or cathode ray tube, serving to control or modulate the flow of electrons.

    • ‘Oscillating electric fields applied by grids above and below the plasma can resonantly excite its electrons.’
    • ‘He put brain cells on an electrode grid, and watched them grow connections between one another.’
    • ‘The carbon-platinum replicas were transferred from a finishing water bath onto copper electron microscope grids.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]usually as adjective gridded
  • Put into or set out as a grid.

    ‘a core of gridded streets’
    • ‘Exterior walls are gridded and perforated, resembling 3 - D graph paper or the cells of a sponge.’
    • ‘Lisa Corinne Davis is a New York-based artist who creates mostly gridded works consisting of small increments of painted or drawn imagery, collaged snippets of newspaper or diminutive digital photographs.’
    • ‘In two of the works the surface has been irregularly gridded into a Mondrian-like architectonic structure.’
    • ‘All sites were gridded with permanent, color-coded metal stakes at either 40-or 50-m intervals to facilitate mapping of territories and nest locations.’
    • ‘There were 14 works in the show, the smallest measuring 8 by 10 inches, the largest an 8-by - 8-foot gridded diptych.’
    • ‘As an index of nest concealment, we measured foliage density around nests, using a 0.5 x 0.5 m board gridded into 100 squares.’
    • ‘A large carefully gridded window looks out over the park and further daylight is brought in through slits in wall and roof.’
    • ‘In Edinburgh, when the New Town was enlarged, the new streets were curved, not gridded, with the objective of attaining ‘a happy union of foliage and building’.’
    • ‘The space looks modern, gridded, but one wanders through the grid like someone lost in a forest.’
    • ‘All sites were gridded at 25-m intervals, which allowed me to locate and map redstart territories.’
    • ‘The aluminum ground, etched with wavering striations or gridded squares crossed with lines, can be seen through the paint.’
    • ‘Thereafter, surface concentrations were simply collected by placing 50 x 50 cm wooden frames gridded at 10-cm intervals over the area.’
    • ‘Andrew Christofides's asymmetrically gridded paintings are delicately graded and modeled.’
    • ‘Starting in the late 1800s, the land of the Upper Klamath Basin - soft, high valleys sprawling on both sides of the Oregon-California state line - was gridded into 80-acre lots.’
    • ‘The plain seven-story building is defined visually by its facade, gridded into modules, each of which contains an elongated window with curved corners, like that of an airplane.’
    • ‘Study sites were gridded with numbered metal stakes at 100-m intervals along the roughly linear river to determine between-year movement patterns of returning birds.’
    • ‘Once a suitable thumbnail sketch was chosen, I had my students enlarge their drawings by gridding the thumbnails into four quadrants.’
    • ‘Some wreckage which couldn't be identified was spotted in the vicinity, after the co-ordinates they'd been given the evening before had been reached and gridded.’
    • ‘The door is gridded into panels, and the larger half contains a slotted window, beneath which is a red button.’
    • ‘Older neighborhoods typically are gridded in at least 50-foot-wide plots; suburban yards are often much larger.’

Phrases

  • off the grid

    • Not connected to the basic services, especially electricity.

      • ‘Most people who are off the grid (at least those living in the United States), rely on some combination of alternative energy such as wind, photovoltaic or hydro.’
      • ‘If you are off the grid, then you will need to decide how large you want your battery bank to be.’
      • ‘Being off the grid means not checking the endless flow of work related emails sent directly to me or to one of the any number of internal mail lists I'm on.’
      • ‘For all of 1993 and '94, Spek lived in his bus at the back of a vacant parking lot in Toronto's west end, finally coming to terms with Toronto winters off the grid.’
      • ‘Our homes will be powered by micropower units that will allow us all to get off the grid.’
      • ‘When all is said and done, getting off the grid is more than producing your own energy, it is a state of mind.’
      • ‘Dan Takahashi, who runs Enersol Solar Products out of Campbellville, about one hour northwest of Toronto, cautions that getting off the grid may not be for most consumers, yet.’
      • ‘Instead, most property is owned provisionally or even illegally, which means that large numbers of people live off the grid, escaping taxes and pilfering their utilities.’
      • ‘She now lives off the grid in a 16-by - 16-foot cabin, powered by the sun in the summer and by a Pelton wheel turbine in the winter, and has immersed her life in tree politics.’
      • ‘The cabin could also be equipped with a photo-voltaic system and a passive-solar water heater so that it could function off the grid.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: back-formation from gridiron.

Pronunciation

grid

/ɡrɪd/