Definition of grenadier in English:



  • 1historical A soldier armed with grenades.

    • ‘At dusk on 14 October, two 400-man columns, one French grenadiers and chasseurs, the other American light infantry under Alexander Hamilton, attacked two redoubts in advance of the main British line.’
    • ‘In the old photos the cemetery hill is bare, but now it is wooded over, and the Hussars, Cossacks, infantrymen, grenadiers and all the rest are lying in the shade of the trees.’
    • ‘The grenade may also have gone off prematurely as fuses were temperamental and several grenadiers in that era lost hands because of this.’
    • ‘By the time of the Napoleonic wars grenadiers had been reformed into new units as new warfare techniques simply outdated them.’
    • ‘By this time though, the grenade itself had been largely dropped from the infantryman's armoury and grenadiers were simply soldiers selected for their appearance and height.’
    1. 1.1 (in the UK) the first regiment of the royal household infantry.
      • ‘After Sandhurst, Gort joined the Grenadier Guards.’
      • ‘In early 1942 she was appointed Colonel-in-Chief of the Grenadier Guards, at sixteen she carried out her first public engagement, when she inspected the regiment.’
      • ‘I served in the Grenadier Guards and was on duty at Windsor many times and saw her on several occasions.’
      • ‘He volunteered for the Royal Army Medical Corps in 1938 and was seconded to the Grenadier Guards, seeing action at Dunkirk and D Day.’
      • ‘British Grenadiers were a proud and highly-trained British fighting force.’
  • 2A common bottom-dwelling fish with a large head, a long tapering tail, and typically a luminous gland on the belly.

    Also called rat-tail
    • ‘Bottom-dwelling grenadiers, hakes, cods, and their relatives use their chin barbels to find bottom-dwelling prey, or animals hunted and killed for food.’
    • ‘When some of the water is removed from the grenadier, its flesh becomes firm, and the meat flaky, says Crapo.’
    • ‘Fleets of mainly Spanish and Panamanian trawlers fish for deep-sea species such as the orange roughy and the round-nosed grenadier which are popular among consumers on the continent.’
    • ‘Bailey, the lead author of the study, points out that grenadiers are not the only fish population that seems to be increasing.’
    • ‘The grenadiers are characterized externally by having large heads, projecting snouts, and slender bodies that taper to whiplike tails, with no definitely demarked caudal fin.’
  • 3A reddish-brown African waxbill with a red bill and a bright blue rump.

    • ‘I don't know about plants, and the only birds I have seen around the orphanage are crows, purple grenadiers, and the scrawny chickens that will eventually end up on the supper table.’
    • ‘Again in the morning we were up early - to explore this lodge's grounds and find black-backed puffback, golden-breasted bunting, brown parisoma, purple grenadier, brimstone canary, scarlet-chested and amethyst sunbirds.’
    • ‘Bird lovers will enjoy the barbets, boubous, chatterers, weavers and brightly-attired purple grenadiers who are resident here.’


Late 17th century: from French, from grenade (see grenade).