Definition of gravitation in English:



mass noun
  • 1Movement, or a tendency to move, towards a centre of gravity, as in the falling of bodies to the earth.

    • ‘Thus it was that the impenetrability, the mobility, the impulsive force of bodies, and the laws of motion and of gravitation, were discovered.’
    • ‘He introduced this in 1817 in his study of a problem of Kepler of determining the motion of three bodies moving under mutual gravitation.’
    • ‘But the vortex theory did not explain the gravitation of terrestrial objects towards the earth's poles, and, when applied to celestial matter, the theory clashed with certain known facts about planetary movements.’
    • ‘Newton had deduced from his theory of gravitation that the Earth would be flattened at the poles.’
    • ‘Aristotle's notion of the motion of bodies impeded understanding of gravitation for a long time.’
    trend, movement, drift, swing
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    1. 1.1Physics The force responsible for gravitation; gravity.
      • ‘He attributed gravitation to the forces of mutual attraction between material objects.’
      • ‘When the twentieth century began we knew of only two types of natural force: gravitation and the intertwined influence of electricity and magnetism.’
      • ‘No longer able to withstand the force of its own gravitation, the core collapses.’
      • ‘The gravitation force actually converts potential energy into mass by forcing protons and electrons to combine into neutrons.’
      • ‘This quest led the English physicist Sir Isaac Newton, for example, to formulate his law of universal gravitation, which states that all objects in the universe exert a gravitational force of attraction upon each other.’
      • ‘Newton explicitly rejected the idea that gravitation, or any other force, be essential to matter.’
      • ‘She thought of the universe as being full of mystical forces including gravitation and magnetism.’
      • ‘We know this difference especially when we look at the discovery of universal physical principles, as, for example, Kepler's discovery of universal gravitation.’
      • ‘Based on his universal law of gravitation and laws of motion, he was able to explain the paths of the planets.’
      • ‘We know of four forces in nature: gravitation, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak nuclear forces.’
  • 2Movement towards or attraction to something.

    ‘this recent gravitation towards the Continent’
    • ‘According to many experts, however, the move is both a symptom of changing retail trends and a long expected gravitation towards the store's natural born market.’
    • ‘His gravitation towards people and things that expand his horizons is absolutely inspiring.’
    • ‘Are you trying to tell me that our obvious gravitation towards each other isn't real?’
    • ‘Her gravitation towards Italy and Italian culture functions as a kind replacement for the personal and cultural decimation she has witnessed as the daughter and niece of Holocaust victims.’
    • ‘But she blocked his gravitation toward painting.’
    • ‘Why do you feel there isn't a mass gravitation towards positive messages in hip hop?’
    • ‘How do we battle the gravitation toward happy consensus that paralyzes our national debate?’
    • ‘I feel a sudden gravitation towards this young man and follow him to the side of the park where he sits glaring at the protesters.’
    • ‘Perhaps gravitation toward his approach depends more on your sensibility than his.’
    • ‘Her stage work was largely overshadowed by her work in films, but in both arenas she will be remembered for her intensity, her gravitation towards extreme roles and her firm commitment to those roles.’
    • ‘A number of factors led to her gravitation towards the Balkan region.’
    • ‘Overall, there's been a gravitation towards rootsy instruments and old-timey songs.’
    • ‘Yes, that's speculative but if there was more than one fellow involved within a timeframe of several weeks, a purposeful gravitation towards the one adjudged superior on some level seems a reasonable possibility.’
    • ‘Like the planets of the solar system, men too were drawn into a type of gravitation toward goodness in this way.’
    • ‘It's almost as though we believe our society is caught up in some kind of unstoppable gravitation towards more consumption, more production, more alienation.’
    movement, shift, flow, transfer, transferral, relocation
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Mid 17th century: from modern Latin gravitatio(n-), from the verb gravitare (see gravitate).