Definition of grass in English:



  • 1mass noun Vegetation consisting of typically short plants with long, narrow leaves, growing wild or cultivated on lawns and pasture, and as a fodder crop.

    • ‘There was little plant life to be seen save for the dark green grass scattered about the lawn.’
    • ‘The lawn was never mown; grass grew high around the front door steps.’
    • ‘The farmer of the field behind us is growing a crop of grass for seed.’
    • ‘She turned to see him waving at her in the midst of a field of tall, brown and green grass and brightly colored wild flowers.’
    • ‘They also eat certain types of grass and may eat wild fruits like berries if these grow in their natural habitat.’
    • ‘As all who have charge of a lawn well know, grass is encouraged to grow by being cut.’
    • ‘But it was not too hard to do this at this time of year when wild grass grew abundantly in the fields.’
    • ‘The only noise that came to me was from the soles of my boots brushing against the wild grass growing on the weathered road.’
    • ‘The area is dirty, with wild grass growing on the land which is surrounded by a thick brick wall.’
    • ‘There were animals twittering and chirping and plants growing and grass blowing in the breeze.’
    • ‘Then, suddenly, the colours vanished, to be unexpectedly replaced with a field of short, green grass.’
    • ‘The forest floor was covered with fallen leaves and needles, and had patches of short grass in a few places.’
    • ‘The ground was mostly barren with just short grass, where no vegetation dared to grow.’
    • ‘Trees, plants and grass are able to grow, purifying the air and making a better environment for our children.’
    • ‘There are all sorts of ways to get grass or crops to grow.’
    • ‘People are selling off household assets and livestock in order to survive, and are eating wild plants and grass seeds.’
    • ‘The grass has grown, the hawthorn hedge is fully in leaf, different plants are in bloom and new ones are sprouting, apple and pear trees are in blossom.’
    • ‘They feed on more than 100 species of plants, including grass, leaves, twigs and bark.’
    • ‘Soon after the breakfast, she goes back to her enclosure where she is provided with green grass, fodder and occasionally sugarcane.’
    • ‘Cover crops such as redtop grass keep competing natural vegetation in check and allow oak saplings to flourish.’
    turf, greenery, green, sod
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    1. 1.1 Ground covered with grass.
      • ‘Include some bare ground rather than all grass, ground cover, or mulch.’
      • ‘After a brief conversation with them they left the house and discovered the red bag sitting on the grass next to the driveway.’
      • ‘Landon put the sleeping bag down on the grass and crawled inside.’
      • ‘When we were children if you sat on the grass the police would come and tell you to move.’
      • ‘The bay window looked out onto the street, a wide stretch of paved road, pocked with grass and lined by a dozen more houses, spaced out by tens of feet of lush grass and shrubbery.’
      • ‘Some ducks, such as mallard and pintail, will nest in grass and lush ground cover up to a kilometre or more away from the water body.’
      • ‘I walked over the long green grass to one of the recumbent stones next to the gate of the field and stood on top of it.’
      • ‘Neither of them wore shoes on the soft, springy, green grass.’
      • ‘Feeling his strength renewed he cast aside his staff and walked steadily upon lush, green grass.’
      • ‘From each point of contact, rolling wheel tracks through the grass on the verge identify the subsequent course of travel.’
      • ‘I went to have a look and I saw him lying on the grass and… that's it.’
      • ‘What a lovely, fast, practically empty stretch of motorway that is - so new the embankments to either side aren't yet covered by grass.’
      • ‘The van started shifting towards the right, slowly pushing Pete into the curb, leaving him nowhere to go except on the grass.’
      • ‘Christmas lights decorated every house with cheery lights and lit up Santas, reindeers frolicking on the bright green grass.’
      • ‘An ambulance was called which took approximately 20 minutes to arrive, during which time I remained lying on the grass.’
      • ‘Charlie spent many hours lying on the grass or patrolling atop the wall.’
      • ‘He noticed two paper envelopes on the floor and found shoe marks on the grass at the rear of the building.’
      • ‘Her evidence was that as they walked in the park, the appellant steered her off the footpath onto the grass.’
    2. 1.2 Pasture land.
      ‘the farms were mostly given over to grass’
      • ‘Most of the land is under grass at the moment and carries a flock of 265 ewes and a small Aberdeen Angus herd, as well as commercial cattle for fattening.’
      • ‘The land is all in grass and there is part of an old farmhouse and outoffices on it, as well as good road frontage.’
      • ‘He runs a herd of 70 Friesian-Holstein dairy cattle on his 200-acre farm where all but 50 acres of the land is in grass.’
      • ‘Temporary alfalfa pasture can reduce grazing pressure on grass pastures and provide better quality forage.’
      • ‘All the land is under grass and the agent suggests there is room for an extension to the existing property, subject to planning permission.’
  • 2A mainly herbaceous plant with jointed stems and spikes of small wind-pollinated flowers, predominant in grass.

    • ‘The most common cool-season grasses are orchard grass, smooth brome, meadow brome and creeping foxtail.’
    • ‘The course is lined with beautiful oak trees, native grasses and plants.’
    • ‘The rest of the property is planted with native grasses, including blue grama and buffalo grass.’
    • ‘The best time for planting grasses is in the spring or fall although in northern regions that don't get too hot in the summer this season works as well.’
    • ‘The roofs are planted with a variety of native prairie grasses and flowers and have become habitat for birds and ground squirrels.’
    • ‘It is wind-born pollen from plants that have inconspicuous flowers like wild grasses or ragweed that are the major causes of respiratory allergy.’
    • ‘In the Midwest, that might mean planting prairie grasses and flowers along with - or even instead of - an English garden.’
    • ‘We have planted 30 different grasses, herbs and clovers, and our animals wander all around the farm to spread life into the soil.’
    • ‘Native or closely related species of trees, shrubs, herbaceous plants and grasses are positioned close to the perimeter.’
    • ‘We rarely think of grasses as edging plants, but I have two favorites that fill that role nicely.’
    • ‘The extinct mammoths ate mainly grasses, sedges, and other riparian plants, salt bush, prickly pear, and even some needles of blue spruce.’
    • ‘The plants sprouting now include grasses, clovers, dandelions, several types of thistle, mustards, and small composites.’
    • ‘Bulbs can be planted in turf grasses which are about a year-and-a-half mature, with no damage to the roots.’
    • ‘In subsequent years, plant additional perennials and grasses to fill gaps and replace annuals.’
    • ‘Plants that were once common - mainly, grasses and sedges - had become even more common.’
    • ‘Food is mainly roots, leaves, stems and shoots of grasses, reeds and sedges.’
    • ‘Constant watering encourages grassy weeds like foxtail and perennial grasses like bluegrass to invade alfalfa.’
    • ‘In summer months they eat cacti, sagebrush, mesquite, alfalfa, clover, other grasses, and herbaceous vegetation.’
    • ‘Some plants like ornamental grasses or irises may require knives, machetes, or even hatchets to get the job done, but it is worth it.’
    • ‘The hardy grasses such as fine fescue and Kentucky bluegrass grow well here, but only with supplemental irrigation.’
  • 3informal mass noun Cannabis.

    • ‘I have been smoking grass for almost 25 years, starting in my twenties.’
    • ‘Marijuana (grass, pot, weed) is the common name for a crude drug made from the plant Cannabis sativa.’
    • ‘I decide to break them in gently with the weakest joint I've ever rolled, made from the least powerful grass the coffee shop will sell.’
    • ‘She told of how Sam had harassed one employee so bad that he had driven him to smoke grass to calm his nerves.’
    • ‘So I just smoked bagfuls of grass, stared at the sea, and debated whether to order a pineapple pancake for lunch or to take my chances with the fish.’
    • ‘Often buying grass would put you into much closer proximity to someone who might sell something harder.’
    • ‘I smoke a heroic amount of hash / grass as it is, so that's not the problem!’
    • ‘According to some sources there is a very low risk of developing cancer or bronchitis from smoking pure grass joints.’
    • ‘The last drug I took was a mix of marijuana in the forms of resin and grass.’
    • ‘Ron Mann's film Grass chronicles the federal government's extensive and costly war on marijuana.’
    • ‘One member of the family recalls that all they did was ‘smoke grass, drop acid and make love as much as possible’.’
    • ‘And then there's Pushers' Street, where hash and grass are set out on open stalls for sale.’
    • ‘It comes as a solid dark lump or as leaves, called resin and grass respectively.’
    • ‘When I go to Switzerland or Holland I can buy grass from coffee shops.’
    • ‘I would like to start with my personal experience with grass and Cannabis.’
    • ‘The shanty bands sing about cocaine, grass, booze, sex and football fandom.’
    • ‘Then the year after that I smoked some grass with him in his hotel room - it was fantastic synchronicity - true greatness.’
    • ‘The principal benefit of smoking grass through a bong is that the smoke is cooled and several carcinogens are removed without removing the active ingredients.’
    • ‘Terms from years ago, such as pot, herb, grass, weed, Mary Jane and reefer, are still used.’
    cannabis, marijuana, hashish, bhang, hemp, kef, kif, charas, ganja, sinsemilla
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  • 4British informal A police informer.

    • ‘It's based on an old tramp, he is a total down and out drunk, he's a grass and soon finds out that his life is going to end in a fire.’
    • ‘He then asked who the drug dealer was and when he found out he said, 'I wouldn't do it for him anyway because he's a grass and his supplier's a grass."’
    informer, mole, stool pigeon
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Grasses belong to the large family Gramineae (or Poaceae; the grass family), and form the dominant vegetation of many areas of the world. The possession of a growing point that is mainly at ground level makes grasses suitable as the food of many grazing animals, and for use in lawns and playing fields


[with object]
  • 1Cover (an area of ground) with grass.

    ‘the railway tracks were mostly grassed over’
    • ‘After the Easter Rising of 1916 much of the rubble of the city was piled into one corner of the ground and grassed over to become the beloved terrace area that still survives and bears the name Hill 16.’
    • ‘The spokesman said: ‘If negotiations are successful all this will be achieved without significant loss of existing grassed areas.’’
    • ‘That area is currently grassed with no proper footway.’
    • ‘So most of the rubble was quickly shifted before the area was grassed over and turned into a small park near the water's edge.’
    • ‘The car park area should be grassed over so it becomes integrated with the whole space in front of the Castle Museum and surrounding Clifford's Tower.’
    • ‘The new facility includes climbing equipment, a sand tray, wobble board, storage shed and grassed area.’
    • ‘It was grassed over in 1987 and parts of it were developed to include the travellers' caravan amenity site.’
    • ‘Stadiums surround most of the field, although there is a small grassed area that is very popular with spectators.’
    • ‘Options which are being considered include upgrading the existing grassed playing field which is used for sports, science and other projects at the school or replacing that facility with an all-weather football pitch.’
    • ‘It is to be replaced with a commemorative grassed area where occasional services will be held.’
    • ‘It is set in pleasant parkland with good tree cover and grassed areas running along the riverbank.’
    • ‘The plans were then amended to exclude the original proposals for a synthetic hockey pitch and floodlighting and add a new bowling green and retention of existing grassed areas.’
    • ‘The court, which is crossed by a covered walkway linking the two buildings, has been grassed over to provide a quiet area for pupils and staff.’
    • ‘They were very impressed by the well cut grassed areas, the stone flower beds at the seafront, and the floral features at a number of private and business premises.’
    • ‘This paid for a new track and the upgrading of changing and viewing facilities, CCTV and improvements to the infield grassed area.’
    • ‘At least our school is privileged enough to have a grassed rugby field.’
    • ‘He said the cash would be better spent on providing parking and repairing damaged verges and grassed areas.’
    • ‘With excellent indoor/outdoor flow, the patio and grassed areas are idyllic and on fine, cold days, outdoor heaters take the chill out of al fresco relaxation.’
    • ‘A small number of children gathered outside the school last night, while inside the gates on a small grassed area were four bunches of flowers.’
    • ‘She suggested that the Castle car park be grassed over and the foundations of the Victorian prison walls beneath exposed, as had been done with the remains of St Mary's Abbey.’
    cover with grass, grass over, turf, lay grass on
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    1. 1.1US Feed (livestock) on grass.
      • ‘Getting this animal out to grass reduces daily feed costs in half and should achieve over 1kg daily liveweight gain.’
      • ‘The it got more flat, and some parts were cultivated, but most were open areas where cattle were grassing.’
      • ‘There are 565 Highland cattle grassed nine months.’
      • ‘Given the high cost of concentrates this winter the early turnout of cows to grass this spring is likely to be an important aim on many farms.’
      • ‘The treatments involved early turnout of cows to grass for 2 h per day at two residual sward heights and two silage allowances, plus a control treatment, in a randomized block design.’
      • ‘Cows grassed, birds sang and everything was a bliss.’
  • 2British informal Inform the police of someone's criminal activities or plans.

    no object ‘someone had grassed on the thieves’
    with object ‘she threatened to grass me up’
    • ‘Anyone even thought to be left wing was subpoenaed, defamed and then blacklisted by the studio bosses if they refused to grass on their friends.’
    • ‘They give him free weed and they may commence in their business without him grassing them up.’
    • ‘Ross is consumed by his need to discover who grassed about his bank robbery, and had him locked up for eight years.’
    • ‘Amazingly though, after grassing in the boys who carried out the attack, they are only suspended, the police heard nothing about it and neither did Daniel's parents.’
    • ‘I did a robbery and I got grassed up off my own brother and got four years.’
    • ‘Her ambition and drive are very much a part of her everyday work - she has no qualms about grassing on a colleague if it gets her out of trouble.’
    • ‘We mocked a Net-based plan to get people to grass up their neighbours whom they suspected of welfare fraud’
    • ‘Yes the person who had grassed us to the Police never thought they would get one of their own.’
    • ‘But then their class aren't expected to grass each other up.’
    • ‘Likewise, he has a one in four chance, if he grasses, of going free, but a one in two chance of avoiding the ten year sentence, because if both prisoners talk the sentence is only five years.’
    • ‘You'd still have to grass up whoever made the posting, though.’
    • ‘An industry snitch has pocketed £4,000 after grassing on a Scottish IT company for using pirated software.’
    • ‘To grass on a pusher ring police or contact Crimestoppers.’
    • ‘It might sound harsh to some, but police say grassing on a drinker-driver could save lives.’
    • ‘Somebody must be proud of having grassed on her.’
    • ‘Convicted criminals will be urged to grass on their fellow inmates by a new range of cutlery carrying the number of the Crimestoppers scheme.’
    • ‘To find out who grassed on him read the rest of the review.’
    • ‘Here's what the person who informed on the online company said about grassing up their employer.’
    • ‘The man who asked not to be identified was so fed up with his estate being used as a racetrack that he grassed the offenders up to police.’
    • ‘You need accurate, up-to-date intelligence and friends on the ground, not a lot of terrified taxi drivers and unemployed bachelors confessing to ludicrous schemes and grassing out their neighbors to save themselves.’
    inform, tell
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  • 3Catch and bring (a fish) to the riverbank.

    ‘anglers grassed 294 trout’
    • ‘But home is where the heart is, and the season will not be complete until I have grassed a salmon by a field that I can view from my window.’
  • 4Australian Rules Football Rugby
    Knock (someone) down.

    • ‘The big man has been in the thick of the action during the ill-tempered series and his chief tormentor grassed him on two, the slip-up proving costly for the home side.’


  • at grass

    • Grazing.

      ‘the mare will be out at grass during the day’
      • ‘Cattle weighings have shown gains of 0.3 to 0.6 kg/day and in the final few weeks at grass there may be no gain at all.’
      • ‘They will be at grass until at least November 1, but mid-November would be the limit of the grazing season.’
      • ‘As animals face into another summer at grass, beef and dairy farmers have been urged to take effective precautions against killer animal diseases.’
      • ‘The early introduction of a balanced buffer feed will reduce liveweight loss at grass and optimise cow yield and fertility,’ says Brian.’
      • ‘Sometimes, yearling cattle in their second season at grass will benefit from worm dosing if they are subjected to a strong challenge, if their immunity did not develop or is impaired by disease, dietary deficiencies or poor nutrition.’
      • ‘Beef animals at grass in the summer months have little requirement for supplementary feed.’
      • ‘‘The idea is to use the pad as a winter lying area and the old cubicles to house any cows which calve before the herd is out at grass at night,’ Jack explained.’
      • ‘On average suckler cows spent 228 days at grass, weanlings 239 days and yearling cattle 201 days.’
      • ‘It is advisable to dose all cattle coming off their first season at grass with a drug that is effective against type II stomach worms.’
      • ‘On average, grass was included in the cows' diet for 277 days in 1999, with cows at grass by day from February 18th.’
  • the grass is always greener on the other side (of the fence)

    • proverb Other people's lives or situations always seem better than your own.

      • ‘There is an old adage that the grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.’
      • ‘The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence. Just do your best.’
      • ‘I guess the grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.’
  • not let the grass grow under one's feet

    • Not delay in acting or taking an opportunity.

      • ‘The Tidy Towns season is upon us, so don't let the grass grow under your feet.’
      • ‘The editor said: ‘Grans don't let the grass grow under their feet.’
      • ‘She still doesn't let the grass grow under her feet. She still drives, she travels by herself, she still tries to take care of everyone.’
      • ‘Want to promote your business? Don't let the grass grow under your feet.’
      • ‘Catherine proved that she doesn't let the grass grow under her feet as she won the Northern Women's Championship.’
  • put out to grass

    • 1Put (an animal) out to graze.

      • ‘But as summer came, the remaining cows in the herd were put out to grass and the sickness stopped.’
      • ‘So one by one, with much mooing, many holy cows were put out to grass.’
      • ‘Cattle are put out to grass in the spring and only brought in for the winter, or during bad weather, to light, airy sheds.’
      • ‘Should you be concerned for Champion's health, relax: he has been put out to grass, now enjoying retirement at home in Ray's stables at Huntington.’
      • ‘Calves 3-10 months old were put out to grass in the daytime during the summer.’
      • ‘Highland cattle, rescued from the BSE cull and put out to grass, graze contentedly at the water's edge close to the croquet lawn.’
      1. 1.1informal Force (someone) to retire.
        • ‘She was most definitely not too old and not ready to be put out to grass just yet.’
        • ‘Neil, who has now joined us, smiles benevolently and explains he was put out to grass while Christine spent the next five years sowing her wild oats in Westminster.’
        • ‘Many of the member states habitually nominate commissioners to reward politicians who for one reason or another must be put out to grass.’
        • ‘Here workers have been put out to grass earlier and earlier, with many employers using early retirement rather than redundancy to achieve enforced cuts in staff numbers.’
        • ‘I was going to stay on a bit longer but there comes a time when you are put out to grass.’
        • ‘Earlier working-class sympathies had long since dropped away, leaving a plodding but dogged politician whom Hughes put out to grass in 1921.’
        • ‘The big Scot will be anxious to prove that, even after his infamous 84, he need not be put out to grass.’
        • ‘At 56, he's fast approaching South Africa's retirement age of 60, and doesn't feel ready to be put out to grass just yet.’
        • ‘Barely a decade ago the country seemed to be awash with 50-odd-year-olds who'd been put out to grass (on a golf course perhaps) with generous pension settlements.’
        • ‘It is rumoured that he will be put out to grass after the next election.’
        pension off, force to retire, force to give up work
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Old English græs, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch gras, German Gras, also ultimately to green and grow.