Definition of gout in English:



  • 1[mass noun] A disease in which defective metabolism of uric acid causes arthritis, especially in the smaller bones of the feet, deposition of chalk-stones, and episodes of acute pain.

    • ‘An acute attack of gout may take up to seven days to settle.’
    • ‘There are health benefits to sour cherries, which include relieving many types of pain such as arthritis, gout, and even headaches.’
    • ‘The physician also should ask if the patient has a history of gout, pseudogout, rheumatoid arthritis, or other degenerative joint disease.’
    • ‘Many readers have reported that sour cherries can ease the pain associated with gout and even arthritis.’
    • ‘Several recent studies have suggested that dairy consumption may help control weight and blood pressure and reduce the risks of health problems such as coronary artery disease and gout.’
    • ‘Doctors have found that excessive weight also increases the risks for diabetes, gout, coronary heart disease, asthma, gallbladder disease, infertility and some types of cancers.’
    • ‘He has a history of arthritis, gout, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.’
    • ‘The goal is to prevent recurrent attack of acute gout.’
    • ‘It may clog the kidney and prevent the excretion of waste such as uric acid, causing gout.’
    • ‘The juice of the nettle is good, she says, for a variety of ailments - arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, allergic rashes and prickly heat.’
    • ‘Their common affliction was gout, an arthritic condition that causes spells of intense pain, most often in the big toe.’
    • ‘He is said to have extracted medicine from plants and treated diseases such as appendicitis, gout and arthritis.’
    • ‘In rare cases, higher dosages may cause hepatitis, gout, or hyperglycemia.’
    • ‘Patients with acute coronary syndromes or undergoing coronary stenting often have multiple risk factors for acute gout or pseuodogout.’
    • ‘Metabolic disorders such as gout increase the level of waste products in the urine and have a similar affect in causing bladder stones to grow.’
    • ‘Recent studies have revealed that cherries offer an assortment of health benefits including the ability to offer natural relief from joint pain caused from gout, arthritis and joint inflammation.’
    flavour, taste, savour
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  • 2literary A drop or spot of something.

    ‘gouts of blood erupted from the wound’
    • ‘All were watching, with eager anticipation, the replica of George Stephenson's Rocket, which crouched on the rails behind the museum emitting gouts of steam.’
    • ‘The creature roared in agony, thrashing about and spewing gouts of blood, until it lay quivering in a pool of its own gore.’
    • ‘Dark blood bubbled up from the wound in thick gouts and he quickly fumbled an adhesive pad out of a leg pocket and clamped it over the wound.’
    • ‘These additional branches then give off really satisfying gouts of white smoke as the greenery boils and burns.’
    • ‘Initially mistaken for dry ice by revellers, the gouts of smoke were ignored until the roaring fireball was actually consuming the building, liquefying its flammable décor into a rainstorm of molten lava.’


Middle English: from Old French goute, from medieval Latin gutta, literally drop (because gout was believed to be caused by the dropping of diseased matter from the blood into the joints).