Definition of gout in English:



  • 1mass noun A disease in which defective metabolism of uric acid causes arthritis, especially in the smaller bones of the feet, deposition of chalk-stones, and episodes of acute pain.

    • ‘Patients with acute coronary syndromes or undergoing coronary stenting often have multiple risk factors for acute gout or pseuodogout.’
    • ‘Metabolic disorders such as gout increase the level of waste products in the urine and have a similar affect in causing bladder stones to grow.’
    • ‘In rare cases, higher dosages may cause hepatitis, gout, or hyperglycemia.’
    • ‘It may clog the kidney and prevent the excretion of waste such as uric acid, causing gout.’
    • ‘He is said to have extracted medicine from plants and treated diseases such as appendicitis, gout and arthritis.’
    • ‘Several recent studies have suggested that dairy consumption may help control weight and blood pressure and reduce the risks of health problems such as coronary artery disease and gout.’
    • ‘Many readers have reported that sour cherries can ease the pain associated with gout and even arthritis.’
    • ‘The physician also should ask if the patient has a history of gout, pseudogout, rheumatoid arthritis, or other degenerative joint disease.’
    • ‘Doctors have found that excessive weight also increases the risks for diabetes, gout, coronary heart disease, asthma, gallbladder disease, infertility and some types of cancers.’
    • ‘He has a history of arthritis, gout, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.’
    • ‘There are health benefits to sour cherries, which include relieving many types of pain such as arthritis, gout, and even headaches.’
    • ‘The juice of the nettle is good, she says, for a variety of ailments - arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, allergic rashes and prickly heat.’
    • ‘Recent studies have revealed that cherries offer an assortment of health benefits including the ability to offer natural relief from joint pain caused from gout, arthritis and joint inflammation.’
    • ‘Their common affliction was gout, an arthritic condition that causes spells of intense pain, most often in the big toe.’
    • ‘An acute attack of gout may take up to seven days to settle.’
    • ‘The goal is to prevent recurrent attack of acute gout.’
    flavour, taste, savour
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  • 2literary A drop or spot of something.

    ‘gouts of blood erupted from the wound’
    • ‘Initially mistaken for dry ice by revellers, the gouts of smoke were ignored until the roaring fireball was actually consuming the building, liquefying its flammable décor into a rainstorm of molten lava.’
    • ‘All were watching, with eager anticipation, the replica of George Stephenson's Rocket, which crouched on the rails behind the museum emitting gouts of steam.’
    • ‘Dark blood bubbled up from the wound in thick gouts and he quickly fumbled an adhesive pad out of a leg pocket and clamped it over the wound.’
    • ‘These additional branches then give off really satisfying gouts of white smoke as the greenery boils and burns.’
    • ‘The creature roared in agony, thrashing about and spewing gouts of blood, until it lay quivering in a pool of its own gore.’


Middle English: from Old French goute, from medieval Latin gutta, literally ‘drop’ (because gout was believed to be caused by the dropping of diseased matter from the blood into the joints).