Definition of gold in English:

gold

noun

mass noun
  • 1A yellow precious metal, the chemical element of atomic number 79, used especially in jewellery and decoration and to guarantee the value of currencies.

    Gold is quite widely distributed in nature but economical extraction is only possible from deposits of the native metal or sulphide ores, or as a by-product of copper and lead mining. The use of the metal in coins is now limited, but it is also used in electrical contacts and (in some countries) as a filling for teeth

    as modifier ‘gold earrings’
    • ‘Types of metals which are commonly used are stainless steel, gold, titanium and platinum.’
    • ‘There are also deposits of tantalite, iron ore, uranium, copper, gold, and diamonds.’
    • ‘As my predicted recovery of the American economy gets speed, the world will buy more of our diamonds, gold, copper and uranium again.’
    • ‘The gold standard refers to currencies that are tied to the value of gold, as was the case in developed countries in the 19th century.’
    • ‘Most stylish bracelets are made of valued metals such as gold (white or yellow), silver and platinum.’
    • ‘While equities languish, precious metals such as gold have seen their value soar as investors seek a safe haven during uncertain times.’
    • ‘National states have endeavoured to overcome this problem by linking the value of national currencies to the value of gold or silver.’
    • ‘He explained that Ongopolo mines and processes base metal, mainly copper, but also associated precious metals such as gold and silver.’
    • ‘Use of gold and silver as currency is, however, now a thing of the past.’
    • ‘Elements on Earth such as oxygen, calcium, iron and gold came long ago from exploding stars such as this one.’
    • ‘Under this regime the British pound, fixed to a certain value in gold, served as a transworld currency and thereby greatly facilitated cross-border payments.’
    • ‘Lampung is also rich of minerals such as coal, iron, gold, silver, tin, manganese and uranium.’
    • ‘Uranium, gold, phosphates, tin, coal, limestone, salt and gypsum mining are prominent in Niger.’
    • ‘The mine has potential to produce 106,000 tonnes per year of copper, gold, uranium and cobalt over its 24-year life.’
    • ‘The Bretton Woods system, where currencies had fixed values in terms of gold, inevitably collapsed.’
    • ‘Other natural resources include uranium, gold, and iron ore.’
    • ‘His jewellery in silver, gold and platinum, is very exclusive and very distinctive, but happily he is able to cater for all budgets.’
    • ‘Some contain small quantities of platinum, gold, silver and copper which can be turned into jewellery and piping.’
    • ‘While foreign currency assets rose $589m, the value of gold went up $489m during the month.’
    • ‘The gold in Fort Knox doesn't reduce the value of gold in circulation much because it isn't circulating.’
    1. 1.1with modifier An alloy of gold.
      ‘9-carat gold’
      • ‘You can, however, spend much less on a wedding ring set in 14-carat gold.’
      • ‘The stoneware piece is made from fired ceramic clay, glazed and gilded in 23-carat gold.’
      • ‘The beakers pictured are a limited edition, made from silver and 18-carat gold.’
      • ‘The room would also need to be renovated as the flag would be placed in a box coated with 24-carat gold.’
      • ‘The cup was beaten out of a solid lump of 20-carat gold.’
      • ‘The set, comprising a necklace, a pair of earrings, rings and bangles, is fashioned from 18 carat gold.’
      • ‘His work mixes precious and non-precious elements, from plastics to sea pearls to 24-carat gold.’
      • ‘Microscopic granules of 18-carat gold and silk powder give it a translucent glow.’
      • ‘Each soap is dusted with 24-carat gold, wrapped in silk and tied with a feather.’
      • ‘A panorama of the Houses of Parliament is sculpted in silver and 24-carat gold, along with the lion and unicorn from the royal standard.’
      • ‘The pin was 22-carat gold and was in a black Beaverbrooks case.’
      • ‘Here, gold foil is inserted between the gemstones and only 24 carat gold is used.’
      • ‘The ring came out then, one and a quarter karats of diamonds set in fourteen carat gold.’
      • ‘Sometimes he used 22.5 carat gold, in other instances copper or aluminum.’
      • ‘He hand picks the diamonds himself for the engagement rings and sets them in platinum rather than 18 carat gold.’
  • 2A deep lustrous yellow or yellow-brown colour.

    ‘her eyes were light green and flecked with gold’
    • ‘The sun, almost level, poured into the back of the house, turning every element of our carefully chosen colour scheme into a warm, glowing gold.’
    • ‘Colours range from black, blood red and burgundy to gold, beige, yellow and lime green.’
    • ‘They even have a uniform in the club colours of purple, aqua and gold.’
    • ‘You notice that most of the areas of the castle are decorated in the colours of gold and red?’
    • ‘The riverside trees and bushes were quite magnificent in the autumn colours of reds, gold, oranges and yellows.’
    • ‘To continue our example with cream woodwork, the foyer and halls might be painted a pearl gray, light tan, soft gold, or deeper cream.’
    • ‘Warm hues of gold and red have been used to decorate the living room, which also has an attractive bay window and a large Elgin and Hall fireplace.’
    • ‘These will include door swags, holly wreaths and table centrepieces in a selection of colours like gold and silver, as well as in the traditional reds and greens.’
    • ‘Jade's bracelets began to clatter against each other and the runes began to glow alternate colours; red and gold.’
    • ‘The predominant colour is gold and the red patterned carpet on the altar looks as if it belongs in an old woman's living-room.’
    • ‘You may have guessed by now that my favorite colours are red and gold, and as it was my birthday I decided to be really girly, and wear a dress.’
    • ‘This is the time of fishing into the long evenings of Scottish summer days when the warm skies colour into intense hues of purple and gold as dusk chases day over the western horizon.’
    • ‘In the end I went for a deep red with gold flecks in it.’
    • ‘This attractive tree with star-shaped leaves can grow into a large conical tree with glorious autumn tints of red, purple and gold.’
    • ‘A gleaming and glittering twist on gray, silver is the complementary colour of gold.’
    • ‘Optimistic colors - spicy reds, yellowed golds, deep blues and rich browns - feel timeless and vibrant and infuse energy into framed pieces.’
    • ‘From the front of the St. Petersburg Hotel the sky shaded from pale grey to gold, orange and deep red.’
    • ‘Stir in the cumin seed and the crushed chilli and continue cooking until the onions are deep gold in colour and spicily fragrant.’
    • ‘Over time the colours - greens, reds, blues and golds - become deeper, intensified by varnishing.’
    • ‘He pointed out that the West Yorkshire Regiment's own colours were maroon, gold and black - almost identical in appearance to those worn by City to this day.’
  • 3Coins or other articles made of gold.

    ‘her ankles and wrists were glinting with gold’
    • ‘When people fear for their future, they invest in gold; jewelry and coins can be sewn into clothes and smuggled out of the country.’
    • ‘Their necks and chests were glinting in gold and their wrists jangled loudly with even more jewelry.’
    • ‘The P&O liner Egypt sank in the Bay of Biscay in 1922, loaded with gold, silver and coins worth £36m at today's rates.’
    • ‘Other North Shore residents have donated money, gold, jewelry and watches, she said; one woman even gave up her wedding rings.’
    • ‘They barge into the house and demand money and gold.’
    • ‘Dain offers Bilbo as much of the treasure as he wants, but Bilbo carries away only a small chest each of gold and silver.’
    • ‘Wealth and gold were apparently present in abundance.’
    1. 3.1 Money in large sums; wealth.
      ‘he proved to be a rabid seeker for gold and power’
      • ‘It wasn't, after all, that she was after money or gold or anything, she was after knowledge.’
      • ‘The place one dwells in the spirit world cannot be decided by power, honor or gold.’
      • ‘Perhaps it's a subliminal, sinister reminder that gold is the root of all evil.’
      • ‘A long chain of independent ports lined this coastline, and their trade brought much wealth and gold to their people.’
      • ‘Who never dreamed about something like that; gold, wealth, adventure, history.’
      • ‘The whole board was swayed by the promises of gold, power and riches.’
      • ‘He didn't trust banks for some reason and kept all his money and gold in a stupid safe in the attic.’
      • ‘He was held for only two years in the Duke's dungeons, after he had been made to pay the cost of the return of these girls to their tribes, and considerable sums of gold in compensation to their peoples.’
      • ‘Unlike the dwarfs, Bilbo cherishes friendship and merriment over gold and wealth.’
      money, wealth, finance, finances, funds, cash, hard cash, lucre, filthy lucre, wherewithal, means, assets, liquid assets, capital, resources, reserves, deep pockets
      View synonyms
    2. 3.2 Something considered to be precious, beautiful, or of the most superior quality.
      ‘they scout continents in search of the new green gold’
      • ‘To an immigrant a green card is gold in this country.’
      • ‘We are looking at the Aberdare Ridges, a chain of mountains that is covered with green gold.’
    3. 3.3
      ‘she claimed she was robbed of a gold’
      short for gold medal
      • ‘Sophie Calpin returned with three golds and one silver medal.’
      • ‘Following closely behind Romania, Germany took home two golds and two silver medals also won solely by their women's squad.’
      • ‘The club's medal tally for the night was four golds, one silver, one bronze and three fourth places in the individual events and a team silver for the men's open and bronze for the women's open.’
      • ‘Chinese gymnasts captured eight medals, including three golds, at Sydney, making them favourites in many events.’
      • ‘This played out in the form of two golds and one silver medal at the 2000 Olympic Games - the most successful medal haul ever for British rowing.’
      • ‘He has claimed two European golds, Olympic silver plus bronze medals at last year's world championships in Paris and the 2002 Commonwealth Games in his home city of Manchester.’
      • ‘He is the only endurance athlete to win golds in five consecutive Games in a gold run that started in Los Angeles in 1984.’
      • ‘She was a great sprinter in her time winning silver and bronze medals at the 1960 Olympics and multiple golds at the 1963 Commonwealth and European Games in 1963, the year she won the award.’
      • ‘Goddard took a bronze and a gold in the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester, where Turner won silver and bronze medals.’
      • ‘In 2001, he was named as St Lucia's chef of the year picking up three golds and a silver medal in local competition.’
      • ‘But, when the cameras focused on her, she tucked the bronze medals behind the three golds.’
      • ‘He has set 18 world records, won four world championship golds and twice been Olympic champion over 10,000m.’
      • ‘The British boys built on their successes at the last Olympics with three golds, a silver and a bronze at the world track championships in Copenhagen last year.’
      • ‘He became a U.S. citizen in 1995 and in 2000 won three Olympic golds, in the 100 and 200 meter back and 400 medley relay.’
      • ‘Halfway through the tenth day of the Olympics, China topped the medals table with 23 golds, 15 silvers and 11 bronzes - one gold ahead of the Americans.’
      • ‘Kieren Perkins is, of course, an Olympic medallist from each of the last three Olympic Games: two golds, two silvers.’
      • ‘The 1996 Atlanta Games 110-meter hurdles winner is trying to become the third track athlete to win four world championships and two Olympic golds in the same event.’
      • ‘She will be a favourite for a Welsh gold at the Commonwealth Games.’
      • ‘After winning two golds at the 2000 Olympic Games, Bennett struggled with increasing shoulder pain.’
      • ‘They say his medals - he ended up with three golds and a silver in Sydney - will be worth a lot of money, a substantial proportion of which he will donate to his favourite children's charity.’
      gold medal, first prize
      View synonyms
  • 4count noun The bullseye of an archery target.

    • ‘Previously I'd had to aim at the top of the target to get near gold as my sight wouldn't go any lower.’
    • ‘Every single arrow that you shoot has the possibility of hitting the centre of that target, hitting the gold, hitting the 10.’

Phrases

  • go gold

    • (of a recording) achieve sales meriting a gold disc.

      ‘her debut album recently went gold’
      • ‘The group's self-titled debut album in 1984 was the first rap album to go gold.’
      • ‘However, pretty boys with guitars and debut albums that go gold are considerably more thin on the ground.’
      • ‘If we're just going by numbers alone, that level of sales indicates that the next album could go gold.’
      • ‘The unique Dublin singer's new album ‘Seize the Day’ recently went gold and the surge of his fan base can be credited to his powerful, poetic and emotional live performances.’
      • ‘The record has gone gold already, not in Britain but faraway New Zealand.’
      • ‘But the album struggled to go gold, giving Cassidy neither street cred nor the sales he was aiming for.’
      • ‘The single ‘Rockit’ won a Grammy for best R&B instrumental, and the album went gold.’
      • ‘Now they have played across the world, including a memorable appearance at the Glastonbury festival, and their album has gone gold in America.’
      • ‘Ten Kiwi albums went gold or platinum.’
      • ‘Andrew Lloyd Webber's album of the score went gold and eventually platinum and hit the top of the charts.’
  • pot (or crock) of gold

    • A large but distant or imaginary reward.

      ‘the prospect of a pot of gold when the statue was sold’
      • ‘Also, due to the stiff competition for what is ultimately a very small pot of gold, not getting an award or funding is not the end of the road.’
      • ‘The real pot of gold at the end of the tunnel is an NFL contract, where the signing on fee alone will dwarf anything offered elsewhere.’
      • ‘But they are as ephemeral as a dewdrop and as illusionary as the pot of gold.’
      • ‘Is it a gamble then to shirk the pull of the rat race in favour of a life chasing the literary pot of gold?’
      • ‘Morecambe and Lancaster City go in search of headlines, glory and the pot of gold that FA Cup success brings on Saturday as the world's oldest cup competition kicks into gear.’
      • ‘As with any other enterprise, they may well find that eliminating inefficiency and closing loopholes opens the path to the pot of gold.’
      • ‘Councillors are to consider tabling a bid in the coming weeks for this pot of gold, which is being held out by the Government under its Building Schools for the Future scheme.’
      • ‘It is the pot of gold at the end of a week-long slog.’
      • ‘‘We've got to be careful we don't see qualifying for Europe as a pot of gold, when it isn't that at all,’ the chairman said.’
      • ‘It seems that the best intentions of young fighters get worn down by the pot of gold on offer if they remain unbeaten.’

Origin

Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch goud and German Gold, from an Indo-European root shared by yellow.

Pronunciation

gold

/ɡəʊld/