Definition of Goidelic in English:



  • Relating to or denoting the northern group of Celtic languages, including Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Manx. Speakers of the Celtic precursor of the Goidelic languages are thought to have invaded Ireland from Europe c.1000 bc, spreading into Scotland and the Isle of Man from the 5th century ad onwards.

    Also called Q-Celtic
    Compare with Brythonic
    • ‘Linguistically, its form of Gaelic belongs to the Goidelic group of Celtic, Manx Gaelic being an off-shoot of Irish Gaelic.’
    • ‘Irish is a Celtic (Indo-European) language, part of the Goidelic branch of insular Celtic (as are Scottish Gaelic and Manx).’
    • ‘If this contact with other Goidelic languages did occur, it is likely that it would have acted as a catalyst for Morrison's own interest in Manx Gaelic, as well as awakening her interest in the wider Goidelic group.’
    • ‘From a background where education was keenly encouraged, Morrison developed an interest in languages, particularly those of the Romance and Goidelic Celtic groups.’


  • [mass noun] The Goidelic languages collectively.

    • ‘Philologists have referred to them as P-Celtic in contrast to Goidelic as Q-Celtic, on the basis of a sound shift of q to p which split an earlier tongue known as Common Celtic.’
    • ‘One of the Celtic dialects, is of the group known as the Goidelic, comprising Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Manx.’
    • ‘The Celtic language is a sub-group of the Indo-European language group, divided into two groups, Goidelic (consisting of Irish, Scots Gaelic, and Manx) and Brythonic (consisting of Welsh, Cornish, and Breton).’