Definition of glycol in English:

glycol

noun

  • 1

    short for ethylene glycol
    • ‘Several very different solutes, ranging from glycine and glycerol to triethylene glycol, were used to vary the water chemical potential.’
    • ‘The glycol lubricates the main bearings, prevents the water from freezing, and can be separated from the water through heating.’
    • ‘Alexander Mikhailovich Butlerov had hydrolyzed methylene acetate while trying to form methyl glycol and produced formaldehyde gas.’
    • ‘Simulant rockets containing water or ethyl glycol instead of chemical agent were used to train soldiers on the proper handling and firing of the M55.’
    • ‘A glycol is an aliphatic organic compound in which two hydroxyl groups are present.’
    1. 1.1Chemistry
      another term for diol
      • ‘Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ketones, ethers, glycols and higher alcohols are not corrosive to magnesium and its alloys.’
      • ‘Aliphatic dihydric alcohols are known as glycols.’
      • ‘Noncharged polymeric polyethylene glycols have been employed for pore sizing experiments in planar lipid bilayers but have never been used in patchclamp experiments.’
      • ‘Other glycols are also used in polymer production; for example, tetramethylene glycol is used to produce polyesters, and diethylene glycol is used in the manufacture of polyurethane and unsaturated polyester resins.’
      • ‘Vapor diffusion systems involving solutions with high concentrations of high molecular weight polyethylene glycols and low ionic strengths are very sensitive to drop volume and take a longer time to equilibrate.’

Origin

Mid 19th century (applied to ethylene glycol): from glycerine + -ol (originally intended to designate a substance intermediate between glycerine and alcohol).

Pronunciation:

glycol

/ˈɡlʌɪkɒl/